World War II - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


PPT – World War II PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 6dbd54-NTAyO


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation

World War II


World War II The Good War at Home and Abroad Ethics and Morality of War The Good War ? Effects of WWII military tactics and culture on later U.S. and world ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:4
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Date added: 18 October 2019
Slides: 36
Provided by: cpc78


Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: World War II

World War II
  • The Good War at Home and Abroad

Background, Causes
  • Leftover strains, economic problems from WWI
  • Failure of democracy in Germany, Italy, USSR
  • Authoritarian govts in Italy, Japan, Germany,
  • Rise of Hitler and Nazis, legally gained power,
    support of German people
  • Fascism belief in superior race, party rule,
    extreme nationalism, dictatorship, world
    domination, expansionism (Lebensraum)

Lead-up to U.S. Involvement
  • 1930s, Japanese colonialism in Pacific
  • 1930s, Rise of fascism in Europe
  • 1936, Axis formed (Germany, Italy, Japan)
  • 1938, Germany annexed Austria, Czech.
  • 1939, Hitler-Stalin Pact
  • 1939, Hitler invaded Poland
  • June, 1940, France fell
  • Summer-fall, 1940, Battle of Britain (bombing)
  • June, 1941, Hitler invaded USSR (mistake)
  • Dec. 7, 1941, Pearl Harbor, U.S. entered war

From Isolationism to War
  • American criticism of WWI, merchants of death
    1935 Neutrality Act
  • cash-and-carry law
  • America First movement

From Isolationism to War
  • Charles Lindbergh and others sympathetic to Nazis
  • But FDR and many Americans sympathized with
    Britain and Allies pressure to join war
  • Changed laws to allow trade with allies
  • Lend-lease, Jan. 1941, allowed arming of Allies,
    moving U.S. closer to participation
  • Pearl Harbor, Dec. 7, 1941 united Americans in
    entering and winning war

Fighting the War Basics
  • Allies, Big Three (U.S., GB, USSR) France and
  • FDR, Churchill, Stalin Big Three Leaders
  • Strained relations over war aims and strategy
  • Axis (Germany, Italy, Japan)
  • Hitler, Mussolini, Emperor Hirohito/Military
  • Two Wars Europe and Pacific
  • War in Europe
  • USSR vs. Germany, 1941, the Eastern Front
  • Allies entered Europe through Africa/Italy first
  • Then D-Day invasion at Normandy on French coast
    (1944), push towards Berlin
  • V-E Day, May 8, 1945

Fighting the War Basics
  • War in the Pacific naval, air, jungle combat
  • Japanese empire throughout Pacific
  • Midway naval battles U.S. victories in 1942
    halted Japanese advance on Australia and hurt
    Japanese navy
  • Island-hopping towards Japanese islands
  • Guadalcanal, 1942-1943
  • Iwo Jima and Okinawa, 1943
  • Fire-bombing of Tokyo, Spring 1945
  • Predictions of mass slaughter if U.S. invaded
    Japanese homeland
  • August 6 and 9, atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima
    and Nagasaki Japan surrendered shortly after

The Big Three
Expanded Govt. Power
  • Similar to WWI experience
  • Dollar-a-year men, corp. leaders, guaranteed
  • Bigness a benefit large bureaucracies and
    businesses favored for high productivity top
    100 comp. from 30 (1940) to 70 (1945)
  • WPB powerful, contracts, conversion, control
  • OPA controlled consumer prices
  • Paying for war taxes, debt, bonds
  • Military drafted 31 million men half failed

Idealism of Allies
  • FDRs Four Freedoms
  • Atlantic Charter U.S. and GB war a fight for
    freedom, free trade, collective security,
    national self-determination
  • Music of Popular Front
  • Aaron Copland
  • George Gershwin
  • Woody Guthrie
  • Big Band

Four Freedoms
Four Freedoms
Mobilization at Home Unity and Sacrifice
Mobilizing Workers Creating an Arsenal of
  • Labor shortage women, blacks entered workforce,
    industrial jobs, moved north
  • Workers continued to join unions during war
  • Gained higher wages and income
  • NWLB handled disputes
  • Labors no-strike pledge for war
  • Tension and strikes disputes over wages vs.
    corp. profits led UMW to strike in 1943

(No Transcript)
(No Transcript)
(No Transcript)
(No Transcript)
(No Transcript)
(No Transcript)
(No Transcript)
Problems of WWII War as Crucible
  • War challenged nation and people to define
    themselves ideals, who belonged, goals
  • Problems of race and racism
  • Inclusion or exclusion of immigrants
  • Economic and social equality equal sacrifice
    for war effort?
  • War goals and methods do they fit with national
  • Long-term effects of war on society

Good War, Race War?
  • Rationale for WWII as Good War
  • As framed by FDR, WWII was a fight for freedom,
    against tyranny
  • A war against fascism, racial superiority
  • Continuation and completion of New Deal
  • Fight for economic and racial liberalism at home
    and abroad
  • Holocaust made war even more just fascism was
    evil, based on racial superiority and cleansing

A War of Possibilities Racial and Economic
  • Economic Liberalism Social and economic
    equality (The Four Freedoms)
  • Equality of sacrifice in wartime (fair wages and
  • Racial Equality Incorporation of blacks and
    immigrants into nation the right to fight, to
    be patriotic, to join the nation
  • Racial Equality Ability of all Americans to
    serve country and gain benefits of service

Racial Liberalism During War
WWII Civil Rights Realities
  • Fight for equality at home and in war effort
  • Black newspapers and organizations Double V
    campaign war against fascism abroad AND racism
    at home
  • FEPC created in 1941 after A. Philip Randolphs
    threat of March on Washington equal opportunity
  • U.S. armed forces segregated throughout war, even
    in other countries
  • War as hothouse for civil rights
  • Disappointments of wartime experience led to
    black mobilization of 1950s and 1960s
  • Women reluctant to return home after war-work,
    fought 1950s domestic culture
  • Gays became less isolated, found others, organized

WWII Civil Rights Realities
  • Tendency towards suspicion and conformity on the
    home front
  • Private Snafu films
  • Problems of racism at home and abroad
  • Conflict between war aims and realities of racism
    in U.S. society and military
  • Discrimination against black Americans
    segregated armed forces, workplaces, lower pay
  • Japanese internment
  • Anti-Hispanic attacks in Los Angeles led to zoot
    suit riots
  • Racial war against Japanese

Double Victory over Racism
Band, The Ink Spots, supported Double V campaign
Legacy of Wartime Racism
  • Why no black soldiers in Saving Private Ryan?
  • Structural and legal
  • racism had long-term
  • effects
  • Segregated armed
  • forces, bases
  • Unable to prove
  • heroism/loyalty
  • Discouraged from
  • using G.I. Bill
  • G.I. housing loan
  • discrimination redlined black neighborhoods
  • Desegregated armed forces, in 1948 wars with
    black soldiers on front lines losses,
    dishonorable wars

Race War in the Pacific
  • War against Japanese diff. than war against
    Germans racism on both sides
  • History of white anti-Asian racism in U.S. and
    abroad (Chinese/Japanese exclusion, Filipino war)
  • Japanese internment within U.S.
  • Japs portrayed as particularly sneaky (rats)
    and bloodthirsty
  • Racial aspect, along w/ nature of jungle combat,
    led to atrocities on both sides
  • Take no prisoners
  • Taking of souvenirs (body parts, skulls)
  • Would U.S. have used atomic bomb against the

Anti-Japanese Propaganda
Anti-Japanese Propaganda
Anti-Japanese Propaganda
Ethics and Morality of War
  • The Good War?
  • Effects of WWII military tactics and culture on
    later U.S. and world history?
  • German and Japanese war machines, atrocities on
  • Nazis, Guernica, bombing of London, Holocaust
  • Japanese, Rape of Nanking, kamikaze, enslavement
  • Methods of war
  • mass mechanized war
  • targeting of civilians
  • inciting terror and demoralization
  • U.S. bombing of non-military civilian German
    targets Dresden (Vonneguts Slaughterhouse Five)
  • U.S. intentional firebombing of Tokyo ¼ of city
  • U.S. use of atomic bombs

Summary Questions
  • Why did U.S. join WWII?
  • How did it win the war?
  • What was life like on the home front?
  • What ideals did U.S. support and oppose during
    the war?
  • Did WWII remake U.S. society?
  • Did the U.S. live up to its ideals during WWII?