World War II - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – World War II PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 6982eb-NDY0M



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

World War II

Description:

World War II United States Involvement – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:34
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Date added: 5 August 2019
Slides: 120
Provided by: cantonloca9
Category:
Tags: powerpoint | war | world

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: World War II


1
World War II
  • United States
  • Involvement

2
Part 1
  • The Home Front

3
I. Mobilizing For War
  • A. We were not ready, but......
  • 1. Draft--1940
  • 2. 1.6 million in army--1941
  • 3. guns, planes, tanks, and ships built
  • This got the United States completely out of
    the Great Depression.

4
II. Converting to Wartime
  • A. Factories war materials full employment
    prosperity on the home front
  • B. Ration
  • 1. oil, sugar, meat, shoes, coffee, gas
  • 2. coupons

5
III. Women During World War II
  • A. In the Armed Forces 1945
  • 1. 258,000 women in armed forces
  • 2. no combat
  • 3. did all other jobs
  • B. Had to join work force
  • 1. 6 million more women (Total 18 million)
  • C. Did mens jobs
  • 1. lumberjacks
  • 2. blast furnace operators
  • 3. blacksmiths
  • 4. doctors
  • 5. chemists
  • 6. lawyers
  • D. Black women benefit
  • 1. better jobs
  • 2. more able to work

6
IV. African-Americans During the War
  • Racial segregation and the war
  • A. 1 million black soldiers
  • --less discrimination than WWI
  • B. Dr. Charles Drew
  • --blood bank
  • C. Segregation still existed
  • D. 1949--no racial quotas in armed forces
  • . Black Americans and the home front
  • A. A. Philip Randolph
  • --fought for racial equality
  • B. Blacks moved to the cities to work for
    factories
  • (Just like in WWI)

7
United Streaming Video Factories During WWII
303
8
V. Japanese-Americans are Interned
  • A. 1942
  • 1. 11,000 J-A rounded up
  • 2. sold homes
  • 3. closed businesses
  • 4. put into camps
  • 5. no evidence of guilt
  • 6. released in 1944
  • 1200 of these J-As fought for the U.S. in
    WWII!!!!!!

9
United Streaming Video Japanese-Americans are
Interned 105
10
VI. Raising Money
  • A. War cost 321 billion!
  • 1. taxes raised
  • 2. war bonds (100 billion sold)

Farmers were doing well during the
war. Manufacturing wages went up 50. Many
prospered during the war.
11
United Streaming Video Financing the War 134
12
VII. Propaganda
  • A. U.S. created Office of War Information
  • 1. promoted public support for war
  • 2. used propaganda
  • a. movies
  • b. advertisements
  • c. artwork
  • d. one of most famous Frank Capras series Why
    We Fight, which was shown around the U.S.
  • This propaganda showed our enemies as brutal
    barbarians and
  • the U.S. as the good guys.

13
OGT Multiple Choice
  • (Practice Test Booklet 2005) During World War
    II, in the United States Japanese-Americans were
  • A. given full rights as American citizens
  • B. given partial rights as Americans citizens
  • C. treated as though the war had not happened
  • D. forced into internment camps

14
OGT Multiple Choice
  • Which was NOT a way the U.S. raised money for
    World War II?
  • A. taxes were raised
  • B. war bonds were sold
  • C. the government forced people to donate money

15
OGT Multiple Choice
  • (Practice Test Booklet 2005) Which of the
    following statements best describes what happens
    to constitutional rights in the United States
    during times of war?
  • A. Americans are free to exercise all of the
    freedoms guaranteed by the Constitution
  • B. Many constitutional freedoms are restricted
    because of concerns over national security
  • C. By law, the Constitution is temporarily
    abolished until after the war is over.
  • D. Americans find no change in the amount of
    freedom they have during wartime

16
OGT Short Answer
  • During times of war or perceived danger to the
    United States, groups of Americans have been
    singled out as potentially disloyal to the
    country. For example, during World War I,
    patriotic support for the war led to a distrust
    and persecution of German-Americans. In some
    places, German language instruction was
    forbidden, and German culture and heritage were
    subject to discrimination.
  • Identify a group of Americans that was targeted
    as potentially disloyal in the years between 1940
    and 1985. (1 point)
  • Explain why this group was targeted. (1 point)

17
OGT Extended ResponseWhat impact did World War
II have on African-American and women in regards
to the workforce? (4 points)
18
OGT Extended ResponseBefore World War II began,
the United States was in the worst depression in
history. Although FDR tried many different
programs in his New Deal, the depression did not
end until World War II. Explain how World War II
impacted our economy, and how this war led us out
of depression.(4 points)
19
OGT Extended ResponseDuring World War II,
Japanese-Americans were forced into intern camps.
Do you agree with this? Give two reasons
why you agree or disagree.What rights were
taken away from this group?(4 points)
20
Part 2War on Two Fronts
21
U. S. Had War on Two Fronts
  • A. Pacific
  • 1. Japan
  • 2. Pearl Harbor
  • 3. Wake Island
  • 4. Guam
  • 5. Philippines
  • 6. Dutch East Indies
  • 7. Malaya
  • 8. Hong Kong
  • 9. Others
  • B. Atlantic
  • 1. Germany
  • a. submarines
  • b. controlled most of Europe
  • c. Balkans
  • d. close to Moscow
  • Italy

22
I. The End of the Beginning
  • A. 1st--Beat GERMANS!!!!!
  • B. Pacific (Japan) active defense
  • The battle of the Atlantic
  • A. Germans--subs
  • 1. sinking many ships
  • B. Battle of the Atlantic
  • 1. Radar and sonar invented
  • a. radar-planes
  • --locate and destroy
  • --advise ships
  • b. sonar-ships

23
Success in North Africa(Map--page 680)
  • A. Desert Fox Edwin Rommel
  • 1. German commander in N. Africa
  • 2. great and daring
  • 3. moved closer to taking
  • a. Egypt
  • b. Suez Canal
  • c. Oil fields in Middle East
  • 4. Ultra--decoded German signals
  • a. Brits built up for offensive

24
Success in North Africa, continued
  • B. General Bernard Montgomery
  • 1. Brit Commander
  • 2. Oct. 23, 1943
  • a. attacked Germans in N. Africa
  • b. broke through and chased Rommel
  • c. Rommel beaten! His Afrika Corps
  • were known as unbeatable!!!!!
  • C. U.S. / Britain surprise attack
  • 1. Nov. 8, 1942
  • 2. 350 ships land in W and N Africa
  • 3. Quickly got help from Vichy France
  • 4. 3 days--Allies control Africa (except
    Tunisia)
  • D. Russia
  • 1. Broke sieges of Leningrad and Stalingrad
  • 2. moved west to Europe
  • The tide is turning!!!!!!!!

25
(No Transcript)
26
(No Transcript)
27
(No Transcript)
28
IV. Active Defense in the PacificMap on page
684
  • A. Japan winning!
  • 1. control most of Pacific
  • B. Active defense
  • 1. Hang on until beat Nazis
  • 2. Keep Samoa and Hawaii and Australia

29
United Streaming Video Kamikazes 34
30
V. Raid on Tokyo
  • VI. Raid on Tokyo
  • A. U.S. aircraft carriers at sea during P.
    Harbor
  • 1. used these to attack/annoy Japan
  • a. Ex--Wake Island
  • 2. April 18, 1942
  • a. Gen. Doolittle
  • --B52-s attack Japan. Preview!!!!!!!

31
VI. Battle of the Coral Sea
  • A. Gen. Yamamoto wants major sea battle
  • 1. Prevent U.S. from getting strong
  • B. Coral Sea
  • 1. May 7th and 8th, 1942
  • 2. NEW!!!!! Aircraft carrier vs. aircraft
    carrier
  • C. Heavy losses
  • 1. U.S. loses Lexington
  • 2. Japan had to use its fleet heading to
    Aus.

32
(No Transcript)
33
(No Transcript)
34
(No Transcript)
35
(No Transcript)
36
(No Transcript)
37
(No Transcript)
38
The Battle of Midway, June 4, 1942
  • A. Strategic island--U.S. controlled
  • 1. Japan wanted it!
  • 2. Admiral Yamamoto attacks
  • B. Magic decoder
  • 1. U.S. knew of the attack
  • 2. U.S. sank 4 of Japans best carriers
  • 3. U.S. destroyed planes
  • 4. Japans first major loss!!!!
  • THE BALANCE OF POWER NOW SHIFTED TO THE UNITED
    STATES!!!! JAPAN NOW COULD NOT TAKE MIDWAY,
    FIJI, OR SAMOA!!!!!!!

39
United Streaming Video Battle of Midway 102
40
(No Transcript)
41
(No Transcript)
42
(No Transcript)
43
(No Transcript)
44
VIII. The Battle for Guadalcanal
  • A. Japan had control
  • B. Allies want it back
  • C. Operation Shoestring
  • 1. 20,000 marines land on the island
  • 2. short on supplies (due to loss at Savo
    Island--read 684 left col.)
  • 3. steaming jungle
  • 4. hand-to-hand fighting
  • 5. Marines outfought Japanese
  • 6. Feb. 9, 1943--Japan surrenders
  • 7. Heavy losses for both sides
  • 8. Japanese advance was stopped

45
(No Transcript)
46
(No Transcript)
47
(No Transcript)
48
(No Transcript)
49
OGT Multiple Choice
  • When the U.S. first entered the war, our goal was
    to first defeat the
  • A. Italians
  • B. Germans
  • C. Japanese
  • D. Austro-Hungarians

50
OGT Multiple Choice
  • Which battle was fought in the steaming jungle
    and resulted in heavy losses for both sides?
  • A. Battle of the Coral Sea
  • B. Battle of Midway
  • C. Battle of Guadalcanal
  • D. Battle of Wake Island

51
OGT Multiple Choice
  • During World War II, what weapon did the Germans
    use to sink many American ships in the Atlantic?
  • A. destroyers
  • B. aircraft carriers
  • C. battle ships
  • D. submarines

52
OGT Multiple Choice
  • Which battle was the first ever to be between
    aircraft carriers?
  • A. Battle of the Coral Sea
  • B. Battle of Midway
  • C. Battle of Guadalcanal
  • D. Battle of Wake Island

53
OGT Multiple Choice
  • Which battle was Japans first major loss?
  • A. Battle of the Coral Sea
  • B. Battle of Midway
  • C. Battle of Guadalcanal
  • D. Battle of Wake Island

54
Part 3
  • Victory in Europe
  • Plan
  • U.S.--wants to invade France (1943)
  • B. GB--Take Sicily and knock out Italy
  • Not stop until unconditional surrender.

55
I. The Fall of Tunisia
  • A. Axis army surrounded (Rommel)
  • B. March 7, 1943
  • 1. Rommel called back to Germany
  • C. May 7, 1943
  • 1. Gen von Armin surrenders
  • 2. 250,000 prisoners taken
  • 3. Ger. best soldiers
  • 4. Italian morale destroyed
  • Major victory for Allies--now can invade Italy

56
II. The Battle in Italy
  • A. July 10, 1943
  • 1. 250,000 Allies land in Sicily
  • 2. largest water operation ever!
  • B. Italian army pushed back to Italy
  • 1. tired of war
  • 2. Mussolini resigns
  • 3. Sept. 3, 1943--armistice with Italy
  • C. Germans send army to Italy
  • 1. fierce fighting
  • 2. June 4, 1944--Allies take Rome
  • 3. thousands killed

57
III. The Air War
  • A. Allies began bombing Germany
  • 1. G.B. began in 1941 (RAF)
  • a. saturation attacks--destroy cities
  • b. 46,000 tons of bombs dropped
  • c. lots of damage
  • d. hoped to get Nazis to surrender
  • 2. USA Air Force--1942
  • a. pinpoint attacks--specific targets
  • b. Flying Fortresses--used B-17 bombers
  • 3. Bombing helped weaken Germany
  • a. destroyed cities and factories
  • b. lowered morale--civilians killed

58
IV. D-Day in France
  • A. June 1944--invade France via English Channel
  • 1. best kept secret of war
  • 2. Dwight David Eisenhower--U.S. General
  • B. Nazi buildup along coast
  • 1. 58 divisions
  • C. Allies trick Axis
  • 1. Calais--shortest distance
  • 2. sent radio broadcasts to fool Nazis

59
D-Day, continued
  • D. June 6, 1944--D-Day
  • 1. Normandy, France
  • 2. 600 warships
  • 3. 4000 support craft
  • 4. 11,000 planes
  • E. Success!
  • 1. Hitler still waiting at Calais
  • 2. Allies secure beach
  • 3. 326,000 men
  • 4. 50,000 vehicles
  • 5. 100,000 supplies
  • Many people were killed on this bloody
    invasion.

60
United Streaming Video D-Day 230
61
D-Day Invasion Audio
62
(No Transcript)
63
(No Transcript)
64
(No Transcript)
65
(No Transcript)
66
(No Transcript)
67
(No Transcript)
68
(No Transcript)
69
(No Transcript)
70
V. The Allies on the Move
  • A. July 6 - July 24 Battle of Normandy
  • 1. 1 million men
  • 2. controlled 1500 square miles
  • B. Move through France
  • 1. July 25, 1944
  • a. Gen. George Patton strikes Germans
  • b. French help
  • c. General A.M. Patch
  • --comes up from Mediterranean Sea

71
Allies on the Move, continued
  • C. Allies take Paris
  • 1. took only 6 weeks!
  • 2. Germans lost 1/2 million men
  • D. Going to Germany
  • 1. General Courtney Hodge
  • 2. Battle Hitlers unbeatable Thousand
    Year Reich army
  • 3. Sept. 12, 1944--3 million Allies ready
  • 4. Soviets help
  • a. came from East
  • b. battled the Germans
  • Germany fighting a two-front war!!!!!!

72
VI. The Battle of the Bulge
  • A. Dec. 16, 1944
  • 1. Germans--1 final attack
  • 2. Goals
  • a. seize Antwerp (main Allied base)
  • b. cut Allied army in half
  • B. The attack
  • 1. foul weather
  • a. grounded Ally planes
  • 2. Woods
  • a. Nazis hid
  • b. surprised Allies

73
Battle of the Bulge, continued
  • 3. The start
  • a. good for Germans
  • b. advanced 60 miles
  • c. created Bulge
  • d. Nazi surrounded McAuliffe
  • e. McAuliffe Nuts
  • f. McAuliffe holds on
  • g. Bulge pinched off
  • h. U.S. losses heavy
  • i. Nazis lose 120,000 of best soldiers
  • Allies win this battle!

74
United Streaming Video Battle of the Bulge 123
75
The Yalta Conference
  • A. Feb. 1945--Allies winning
  • 1. FDR
  • 2. Churchill
  • 3. Stalin
  • B. Soviet Union wants
  • 1. Punish Germany pay reparations
  • 2. Control Eastern Europe Czechoslovakia,
    Hungary, Austria, Bulgaria, Romania, and Poland.
    Make all under Soviet control.
  • C. US and Britain want
  • 1. SU to help vs. Japanese
  • 2. Promise free elections in Eastern Europe
  • 3. We knew we couldnt trust Stalin
  • D. Yalta Accords Oct. 1945. Gave SU control
    over Eastern Europe

76
The Failure to take Berlin(Map on page 693)
  • A. Germany surrounded
  • 1. U.S./GB from west
  • 2. S.U. from east
  • B. DDE decision
  • 1. Take Berlin--Democracy?
  • 2. Allow S.U. to take Berlin--Communist?
  • DDE stops 50 miles short of Berlin--no more
    killed. Churchill believes this is big
    mistake.

77
XI. The Death of Roosevelt
  • A. Warm Springs, Georgia
  • 1. FDR getting treatment for paralyzed legs
  • B. April 12, 1945
  • 1. blood vessel burst in his brain
  • 2. died shortly after
  • C. Million mourned
  • D. FDR unable to see Nazis surrender
  • E. VP Harry S Truman takes over

78
United Streaming Video Death of FDR 41
79
FDR Dies Audio
80
(No Transcript)
81
X. Germany Surrenders
  • A. Germany surrounded
  • B. Hitler commits suicide
  • C. Mussolini captured and executed
  • 1. Hung up for all to see
  • D. V-E Day--May 8, 1945
  • 1. Germans unconditional surrender

82
(No Transcript)
83
V-E Day Audio
84
OGT Multiple Choice
  • The D-Day invasion was designed to drive the
  • A. Japanese out of the Philippines
  • B. Italians out of North Africa
  • C. Germans out of France
  • D. Russians out of Poland

85
OGT Multiple Choice
  • All of the following were present at Yalta except
  • A. FDR
  • B. Adolf Hitler
  • C. Winston Churchill
  • D. Joseph Stalin

86
OGT Multiple Choice
  • Which pair of countries was Nazi Germany unable
    to conquer?
  • A. Poland and France
  • B. France and England
  • C. Russia and France
  • D. Russia and England

87
OGT Multiple Choice
  • The critical D-Day invasion was directed by the
    Supreme Commander of Allied Forces, General
  • A. George Patton
  • B. Courtney Hodges
  • C. A.M. Patch
  • D. Dwight D. Eisenhower

88
OGT Multiple Choice
  • At Yalta, Joseph Stalin made all of the following
    promises except to
  • A. tell Germany they did not have to pay war
    reparations
  • B. allow Eastern European countries their choice
    of governments
  • C. support the United States against Japan
  • D. allow free elections in Poland

89
OGT Multiple Choice
  • After the D-Day invasion, how many weeks did it
    take for the Allies to take Paris?
  • A. 2 weeks
  • B. 4 weeks
  • C. 6 weeks
  • D. 8 weeks

90
OGT Multiple Choice
  • The bombing of Germany did all of the following
    except
  • A. rise the morale of the Germans
  • B. weaken Germany
  • C. destroy German factories
  • D. destroy German cities

91
OGT Multiple Choice
  • The critical D-Day invasion was directed by the
    Supreme Commander of Allied Forces, General
  • A. George Patton
  • B. Courtney Hodges
  • C. A.M. Patch
  • D. Dwight D. Eisenhower

92
OGT Multiple Choice
  • Where did the D-Day invasion take place?
  • A. Calais
  • B. Antwerp
  • C. Normandy
  • D. Paris

93
Part 4
  • War in the Pacific
  • The victory is but half won. -- President
    Truman

94
I. The Struggle for the Islands (Map pg. 700)
  • A. Gen. Douglas MacArthur
  • 1. west Pacific islands
  • B. Marines and navy
  • 1. central Pacific
  • Both had to succeed!
  • C. Fierce fighting
  • 1. Japanese fought hard
  • 2. Thousands killed
  • D. Islands we took
  • 1. Tarawa (Nov. 1943)
  • 2. Kwajalein (Feb. 1944)
  • 3. Saipon (Feb. 1944)
  • 4. Iwo Jima (Feb-March 1945)
  • 5. Okinawa (April-June 1945)

95
II. The Return to the Philippines
  • A. Gen. Douglas MacArthur
  • 1. 1942--lost Philippines I shall
    return.
  • 2. 1944--he came back
  • 3. U.S. took back control of the Philippines
  • a. knocked Japans navy out

96
III. Splitting the Atom
  • A. The best from around the world came to the
    US 1. Albert Einstein--Jew from Germany
  • 2. Enrico Fermi--Italy
  • 3. Others from Austria, Czech, and Denmark
  • B. Atomic bomb
  • 1. split atoms
  • 2. catastrophic weapon
  • C. December 2. 1942 at 345pm
  • 1. successful in splitting uranium atoms
  • 2. university of Chicago

97
(No Transcript)
98
IV. The Atomic Bomb
  • A. Manhattan Project
  • 1. FDR set it up to prepare to build the bomb
  • 2. took 3 more years to develop the bomb
  • 3. cost 2 billion
  • B. July 16, 1945 at 530am
  • 1. test
  • 2. Alamogordo, New Mexico
  • 3. first mushroom cloud
  • C. Germany and Italy already surrendered

99
The Atomic Bomb, continued
  • D. Warned Japan
  • 1. they still didnt give up
  • E. Should we drop bomb
  • 1. If yes--thousands of innocent people killed
  • 2. If no--thousands of Americans killed
  • F. August 6, 1945
  • 1. Hiroshima
  • 2. 75,000 killed immediately
  • 3. Thousands more died of radiation
  • G. August 14, 1945
  • 1. Nagasaki

100
United Streaming Video Atomic Bomb 149
101
Atomic Bomb Audio
102
Japan Surrenders 30
103
(No Transcript)
104
(No Transcript)
105
(No Transcript)
106
(No Transcript)
107
(No Transcript)
108
(No Transcript)
109
V. The Cost of World War II
  • A. U.S.--lost 292,000. (four times more than
    WWI)
  • B. Russia--27 million
  • C. Germans--4 million
  • D. Japanese--2 million
  • E. Chinese--22 million
  • F. Jews--6 million killed in concentration camps

110
WAR IS OVER. NOW, A WHOLE NEW SET OF
PROBLEMS!THE UNITED STATES AND THE SOVIET UNION
BECOME THE 2 SUPERPOWERS ON THE PLANET. THESE 2
COUNTRIES WILL BE INVOLVED IN A COLD WAR FOR
THE NEXT 50 YEARS.
111
United Streaming Video End of World War II
112
OGT Multiple Choice
  • Which is FALSE about the Manhattan project?
  • A. FDR set it up to prepare to build the atomic
    bomb.
  • B. This project took 3 years to develop the
    atomic bomb.
  • C. This project cost 2 billion.
  • D. The project was not kept secret, and the
    American public knew about it.

113
OGT Multiple Choice
  • The United States lost how many people in World
    War II?
  • A. About 300,000
  • B. About 1,000,000
  • C. About 4,000,000
  • D. About 10,000,000

114
OGT Multiple Choice
  • On August 14, 1945 the U.S. dropped the second
    atomic bomb on which city?
  • A. Tokyo
  • B. Hiroshima
  • C. Nagasaki
  • D. Kyoto

115
OGT Multiple Choice
  • Where was the first test of an atomic bomb?
  • A. Denver, Colorado
  • B. Alamogordo, New Mexico
  • C. Truth or Consequences, New Mexico
  • D. Phoenix, Arizona

116
OGT Multiple Choice
  • On August 6, 1945 the U.S. dropped the first
    atomic bomb on which city?
  • A. Tokyo
  • B. Hiroshima
  • C. Nagasaki
  • D. Kyoto

117
OGT Multiple Choice
  • At which university were uranium atoms first
    split?
  • A. University of Chicago
  • B. University of Ohio State
  • C. University of Michigan
  • D. University of Indiana

118
OGT Short Answer
  • When World War II ended, this began a new world
    order. There were now two superpowers in the
    world. (2 points)
  • Who were the two superpowers? (1 point)
  • What is the name given to the relationship
    between these two countries over
  • the next 50 years? (1 point)

119
OGT Extended Response
  • (Practice Test Booklet 2005) The United States
    dropping the two atom bombs on Japan remains a
    controversial issue. If you were an advisor to
    President Truman, what advice would you give?
    Explain why you would give him this advice. (4
    points)
About PowerShow.com