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Title: The World at War (again)

The World at War (again)
Grab a WWII Flip book from the front table
  • This is your study guide for the unit DO NOT
    LOSE IT (write your name and period on it NOW)

Answer in your spiral, with partner
  • Open the RED book to pages 804-805 The War
  • Use facts from the reading to support this
    statement During the 1930s, people were
    willing to give up their rights.
  • Write IMPORTANT FACTS about each of the following
    countries Italy, Germany, Japan, the Soviet

1. Explain the differences between Democratic,
Fascist and Communist governments? List the type
of government each major country had. How might
Communist and Fascist governments have had an
advantage in fighting a war with democracies?
I. Differences between Democratic, Fascist
Communism A. Democracies Based on
Individual Rights 1. Economic Rights
Capitalism (Own Business
Make ) 2. Government Rights
Democratic Elected Govt a. Choose
Leaders by voting in some way
3. Examples United States /Britain /
B. Fascist Dictatorship
w/Private Business 1. Economic Rights
Capitalism (Own Business Make )
2. Government No Rights
Totalitarian / Dictatorship One Person or
Party Leader 3. Examples Germany /
Italy / Japan
C. Communism Good of everyone no
Individual 1. Economic No Rights All Owned
by Govt 2. Government Rights
Totalitarian / Dictatorship One Person or Party
Leader 3. Examples Soviet Union (Russia)
D. Advantage Disadvantages 1. Communism
Fascism Govt controls ALL information
there is NO op position
2. Democracies People chose to
fight, can elect new leaders any time
Germany (AXIS)
  • Adolf Hitler (1889-1945)
  • Born in Austria in 1889, the fourth child of six
  • Aspired to be an artist, was twice rejected for
    the Academy for Fine arts in Vienna
  • Hitler was jailed for just over a year for his
    role in the Beer Hall Putsch
  • Used Emergency Powers to become Dictator of

Hitler fought in World War I, he is in the
picture at the far left
Italy (AXIS)
  • Benito Mussolini (1883-1945) Prime Minister of
    Italy from 1922 to 1943
  • Before WWI, was a journalist
  • Was known as IL DUCE (the supreme leader)

Great Britain (ALLIES)
  • Neville Chamberlain (Prime Minister 1937-1940)
  • -Most famous for his policy of APPEASEMENT
    towards Hitler
  • Winston Churchill (Prime Minister 1940-1945)
  • -Churchill had a speech impediment

Japan (AXIS)
  • Emperor Hirohito (ruler of Japan from 1926-1989)
  • There is much debate over how much he controlled
    Japan during World War II
  • Many point to General Tojo as the true leader of
  • When he spoke to Surrender at the end of WWII, it
    was the first time ordinary citizens had ever
    heard his voice

Soviet Union (ALLIES)
  • Josef Stalin (leader of Soviet Union from
  • Real name was Joseph Vissarionovich Jugashvili
  • He adopted the Russian name STALIN, which MEANS
  • Aspired to be a Priest
  • Estimates range from 10,000,000-30,000,000 people
    killed during Stalins regime (more than the

United States (ALLIES)
  • Harry Truman (President 1945-1953)
  • -Chosen as Roosevelts Vice President for his 4th
    term in 1944
  • Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1933-1945)
  • Only President to serve more than two terms
    (elected to four terms)
  • Died on April 12, 1945 (May 8th war ended in

Leaders of the War
Schedule for the start of class
  • First off, you will take a power vocabulary quiz.
  • When you are finished, you will put the quiz in
    the bin in the back and you will grab a BLUE
    worksheet and a WHITE sheet of paper off the back
  • You are NOT TO WRITE ON THE WHITE SHEET, complete
    the blue sheet it is due TODAY!!!!
  • When finished, work on your Politics chart, study
    guide 1, or the Venn Diagram!!!

Review What did the Treaty of Versailles Say
about Germany???
Type of Govt Economy Govt rights Ex.
Totalitarian Soviet Union
Democracy Voting for leaders
Review Fill in the missing boxes on the Table
  • Read The Treaty of Versailles in the BLUE BOOK
    on page 677
  • What did the Treaty of Versailles do to Germany?

2. Describe the major causes of WWII in Europe.
How did the Depression and WWI play a role? What
did Hitler say was his reason for expanding
Germanys borders? Name 2 territories Hitler
added before fighting. Name and describe the type
of warfare Hitler used. What was the reaction of
the U.S. to war in Europe?
The German inflation of 1923 one dollar worth
trillions of marks.
II. Major Causes of WWII in Europe A. WWI
Depression Major Causes 1. Winners of WWI
harsh on Germany (Reparations Small
Military)- Humiliation 2. Great Depression
hurts Europe (Germany Bad) a.
Fascist think Democracy is Weak cant help B.
Rise of Fascism due to WWI Depression 1.
Italy the 1st Fascist Country a. Upset
it didnt get more after WWI b. Benito
Mussolini comes to power in 1922 2. Germany
Adolf Hitler a. NAZI-
National Socialist German Worker
Party b.
Uses Thugs Brown Shirts to beat up
opponents critics (Young
men , no jobs) c. Wants
to blame everyone for Germanys
trouble Jews, Democracy!!, The
Allies d. Never Had
Majority- Scared or Killed
Mussolini and Hitler
Review What is the definition of PROPAGANDA????
C. Hitlers Goals For Revenge!! 1.
LEBENSRAUM -Living Space for
Germans a. Take land from non-Germans
(Less Human) and give to his even if
in another country b.
Adds Land no Fighting
APPEASEMENT -Britain France give
land to avoid War -Austria,
Sudetenland (Czechoslovakia- all)
2. Builds Huge Military a.
Modern Army with Tanks, Planes
ships -All move Fast work
together (radio) b. BLITZKREIG-
Lightning War -Nazi's Practice in Spain
to help Fascist fight in that
Country (Franco)
Neville Chamberlain, the Prime Minister of Great
Britain, was the face of appeasement
  • Define lebensraum and blitzkrieg
  • Provide at least two possible reasons why
    countries did not stop Hitler sooner

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Critical Thinking Why would Adolf Hitler and
Germany want to make a peace treaty, at least for
awhile (they are BITTER ENEMIES)????
D. War The Reaction 1. Hitler Invades
Poland Sept. 1, 1939 a. Uses
Blitzkrieg destroys Poland b.
Britain France declare WAR
-Appeasement was a Joke
-Hitler had secret treaty with
Soviets (Stalin) 2. United States
Reaction a. Officially Neutral
Isolationist -Many famous people
almost like Hitler
(Ford, Kennedy, Lindbergh) b. Great
Britain all Alone!!! (Churchill) -France got
butt kicked Germany controls it -Germany
bombing Britain Planning Attack c.
Roosevelt helps Britain -Lend Lease policy
(Boats/Guns) -Atlantic Charter- US/Britain
are Friends -U.S. begins to build up
own Military
Map showing the Sudetenland, the new protectorate
of Bohemia-Moravia, and how Poland was divided
after its invasion.
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3. Explain Japans expansion in the Pacific.
Who had taken control of the Japanese government?
Which country suffered the most from this
expansion? What were their goals for the attack
of Pearl Harbor?
III. Japans Expansion in the Pacific A.
Military takes control of Japan 1.
Emperor Hirohitos power????
(Prisoner??) a. General Tojo
in real power 2. Wants Japan to be Equal
to European Powers
a. Believes they are better than
all Asians just like
Germany in Europe
(which ISM???) b. Signs
Treaty with Germany
Japanese Prime Minister Tojo (center) toasting
alliance with Germany
B. Japan wants Raw Materials
Colonies 1. Invades China, Korea,
British Colonies a. Brutal
to China Rape of
Nanking -Murder MILLIONS of
Chinese 2. Only competition in Pacific is
the Unites States
a. U.S. has Philippines,
Hawaii, Samoa, Alaska
Locate the areas the United States controlled in
the Pacific
Pearl Harbor Map
Pearl Harbor
  • Pacific Navy stationed there
  • If Japan is to be attacked by America, how would
    it be done???
  • Goal is to CRIPPLE U.S.

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C. Attacking the U.S. Pearl Harbor 1. Japan
thinks U.S. is Racist (true) will
try to stop them from growing
(true) a. U.S. stopped selling
Steel limits trade to
them 2. Pearl Harbor, Hawaii- Dec. 7th,
1941 a. Goal to destroy U.S.
- Carriers out to sea they
survive b. Surprise Attack
U.S. should have known
-Japanese Code Broke
3. Waking a Sleeping Dog a.
Japanese General said it was a
mistake b. U.S. declares
War -Roosevelt A day that will live in
infamy Germany declares
war on U.S.
The USS Arizona (BB-39) burning after the
Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.
Aircraft damage at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii from
Japanese attack.
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Facts from attack
  • Facts first wave 181 planes, second wave 170
  • Over 90 ships anchored, 21 ships sunk/damaged,
    188 airplanes destroyed 159 damaged, 2403 people
  • Only 29 planes failed to return
  • Of the damaged ships, only THREE did not return
    to action, plus AIRCRAFT CARRIERS were not in
    Pearl Harbor!

Location of ships
Major Ships at harbor USS Arizona - Magazine
explosion, sunk with few survivors USS California
- Sunk USS Maryland - Damaged USS Nevada -
Damaged and run aground USS Oklahoma - Capsized
and sunk USS Pennsylvania - Damaged. The
Pennsylvania was in dry dock USS Tennessee -
Damaged USS West Virginia - Sunk
The USS Arizona (BB-39) burning after the
Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.
Battleships USS West Virginia and USS Tennessee
after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on Dec.
7, 1941.
Photograph of the USS Nevada beached at Hospital
Point after the attack on Pearl Harbor.
Aircraft damage at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii from
Japanese attack.
Captured Japanese photograph taken during the
attack on Pearl Harbor, Dec. 7, 1941. In the
foreground, part of Battleship Row. In the
distance, the smoke rises from Hickam Field.
Rotation Questions
  • Rotation One Rationing
  • Explain why rationing was needed
  • Predict and Explain which item was needed most
    for the war effort
  • Explain which item would be hardest for you to
  • Rotation Two Women in War
  • Explain the acronyms WACS and WAVES
  • Women were needed because
  • Just recently women were recognized for their
    service in WWII, why do you think it took so long
    (64 years)?
  • Rotation Three Psychological Warfare
  • 1) Choose one, explain what you see
  • 2) Imagine being a soldier and picking this up
    what impact might it have?
  • 3) Any negatives parts of this leaflet? Explain
  • 4) What other ways could you play mind games
    with your opponents?

6. Describe how Americans helped the war effort
at home. What group faced discrimination during
the war? How? What is the Selective Service?
What did the U.S. do to make sure there were
enough supplies and food for troops?
VI. Everyone Helps at Home A. Factories Farms
Roar 1. Huge amounts produced NO Bombing
makes it easy 2. Ladies to the
Rescue Women take factory jobs
(Rosie the Riveter) B. Ration Books Coupons
that limit how much of anything you can buy in a
time (week, month, year) 1. Tires / Shoes
/ Sugar / Butter / Gas 2. Some things not
available Panty Hose
(Parachutes) C. We Need Troops 1.
Selective Service (Draft) a. Men 18-35
must serve if called b. Still around
today (Register _at_ 18) 2. Women Serve (WACs
WAVES) a. Army Navy womens
service (Pilots, Nurses)
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D. Racism at Home (Fighting NAZIs???) 1.
Japanese-Americans Not loyal??
a. Starts in Pearl Harbor Not
trusted Ex.-Planes b.
Japanese Internment Camps -Japanese
on west Cost moved to Camps
-Lose Property / Homes /
Business -Supreme Court
Roosevelt Support It 2.
Army Still Segregated a. Tuskegee
Airmen All Black fighter
pilots b. Nisei Battalion Japanese
Am. Fight in Italy c.
Navajo Code Talkers Native Am.
Use language as radio men to keep
Japanese clueless
  • 2. Army still segregated
  • a. Tuskegee Airmen All Black fighter
  • b. Nisei Battalion Japanese Amer.
  • fight in Italy
  • c. Navajo Code Talkers Native Amer.
  • use language as radio men to keep
  • Japanese clueless

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Nisei Battalion consisted mainly of 2nd
generation Japanese-Americans from Hawaii, they
were called the Purple Heart Battalion due to
their high casualty rate.
Code Talkers
4. Explain Hitlers defeat. What two types of
governments teamed up to defeat Hitler? Why was
that important geographically? What was D-Day?
Name the American general in charge of the
Allies. What happened to Hitler?
OBJ 4 IV. Hitlers Defeat in Europe A.
Germany Unstoppable Early 1. Blitzkrieg Kills
Poland France (1939, 1940) 2. The Battle of
Britain Britain Becomes Fortress (July 1940)
a. Germany Bombs daily air attack
before land invasion b. RAF fights back,
destroying 2,300 Luftwaffe aircraft!!! (RADAR)
c. Churchill Never Surrender
The British Bulldog Winston Churchill
Firemen battle the flames of a German bombing
attack on London, 1941
Poster referring to the bravery of the RAF during
the Battle of Britain
Map of Early War in Europe
Germany fights on two fronts
B. Tag Team Enemies 1. Hitler Invades
Soviet Union (1941- Barbarossa)
a. Soviets being killed like
crazy b. Siege of Leningrad - Slash
Burn Retreat 2. Britain
U.S. Help Soviets a. I would favor
the devil if it was against
Germany Winston Churchill
b. FDR sends aid to Soviets
(Isolationist Mad) U.S fear
communist more!!! c. German has to
fight on both fronts!!! -U.S.
Britain in West Soviets in East 3.
Germany declares war on U.S. after
Pearl Harbor a. SMART????? Why Not?
What happened to the Soviet-German NON-aggression
C. Attacking the German Empire 1. Africa
a. German Gen. Rommel Desert Fox
-Kicked butt early b. U.S. joins fight
Helps British (U.S. bad)
c. Germany kicked out of Africa in 1942 2.
Italy (1943) a. Starts in Southern Italy
with Paratroopers sea Landings
b. Mussolini Overthrown by
Italians -Executed
dragged through
Streets c. Germans still fight in Italy
against Allies (forced to keep
troops there)
Landings on Sicily practice for later????
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3. D-Day (Normandy) June 6, 1944
a. Allies Invade France
(Operation Overlord) -General
Eisenhower Supreme
Commander Wrote failure letter just in case
-Germany had France for 4yrs.
-Builds huge Fortress along
coast to prevent an attack
b. Huge DEADLY attack
150,000 men -Dropped on
Beach to face machine guns
c. 1 Million more men in
France in 6 weeks!!!!!
U.S. Army troops administer first aid to the
survivors of sunken landing craft, on "D-Day", 6
June 1944.
Coast Guard manned USS LST-21 unloads British
Army tanks and trucks onto a "Rhino" barge during
the early hours of the invasion, 6 June 1944
Landing ships putting cargo ashore on one of the
invasion beaches, at low tide during the first
days of the operation, June 1944.
Coast Guard manned USS LST-21 unloads British
Army tanks and trucks onto a "Rhino" barge during
the early hours of the invasion, 6 June 1944
U.S. Army troops administer first aid to the
survivors of sunken landing craft, on "D-Day", 6
June 1944.
Army troops wade ashore on "Omaha" Beach during
the "D-Day" landings, 6 June 1944.
U.S. Soldiers of the 8th Infantry Regiment, 4th
Infantry Division, move out over the seawall on
"Utah" Beach, after coming ashore.
D. Germany is Defeated 1. Germanys Last
Chance- Battle of the Bulge
a. Germany defeated but huge
battle 2. U.S Britain Bomb
Germany a. U.S in Day Britain in Night
(Deadly Job) -Huge
losses in factories Supplies 3. Soviets
start to win in East a. Russian Winter
Freezes Germans (too far from
base) E. V-E Day (Victory Europe) 1.
Hitlers Suicide April 30, 1945 a.
Germany Surrenders May 7, 1945
-Soviets capture Berlin 2.
U.S. Soviets meet 60mi south of
Berlin a. Start of
Communism v.
Democracy (Cold War)
Battle of the Bulge
Battle of
the Bulge
Rifle and helmet traditional tribute to a fallen
(No Transcript)
  • Look at letter
  • Who was it written by? To? When?
  • Just based on these three details, tell me what
    you already know or can infer
  • Read through letter with partner, what do you
    think the letter is about? Why was it written?
    What did the author want?

Goal for the week
  • With everything that we do, keep this in mind
  • Was the United States justified in using an
    atomic bomb on the cities of Hiroshima and
    Nagasaki? (copy this down on notes 5 on study
  • During video, take down notes about Japan.

5. What approach did the U.S. use to take back
the Pacific from the Japanese? Describe the
approach to fighting taken by the Japanese that
made the battles so deadly. What U.S. general
was in charge of defeating the Japanese?
Describe the events of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Why did the U.S. believe they needed to take
these actions?
V. U.S. Island Hopping Japan to Defeat A.
Japans 6 Months of Victory 1. Pearl
Harbor Great Attack but Misses
_______ 2. Japan Conquers Pacific Asia
a. Philippines Taken (MacArthur- I
shall return)
b. Guam / Wake Is. /Singapore /
Hong Kong 3. Japanese Brutal to Prisoners
Civilians a.
Executions / Starvation / Torture
(Bataan death march)
  • V. U.S. Island Hopping Japan to Defeat
  • A. Japans 6 months of victory
  • 1. Pearl HarborGreat attack but
  • missed ____________
  • 2. Japan conquers Pacific and Asia
  • a. Philippines taken
    (MacArthur- I
  • shall return)
  • b. Guam/Wake/Singapore/Hong
  • 3. Japanese brutal to prisoners/civilians
  • a. Executions/starvation/t
  • (Bataan Death March)

B. Island Hopping to Victory General McArthur
1. May June 1942 a. Battle of
Coral Sea Battle of Midway Japanese
Aircraft Carriers sunk 2. Horrible Fights
a. Japanese fight to the Death (Suicide
attacks) b. Battle of Iwo Jima
(Flag Picture) c. Kamikaze- Suicide
On Okinawa, just 350 miles from Japan, a Marine
dashes through Japanese machine gun fire while
crossing a draw, called 'Death Valley' by the men
fighting there. Marines sustained more than 125
casualties in eight hours crossing this valley.
May 1945.
C. The Bomb Hiroshima Nagasaki 1.
Manhattan Project a. Secret project to
build Atomic Bomb
-Einstein told Roosevelt about
Germanys plans/ ambitions for
one b. Dr. Oppenheimer from Univ.
of California -Plus
a ton of others in secret cities 2.
Why???????? a. Japanese promise EVERY
man, woman and CHILD will fight
to DEATH!!! b.
President Truman told 1mill.
Soldiers might die c. Already bombed
Cities in Japan Germany
-Dresden in Germany Fire Storm
Areas important to the building of the bomb
Los Alamos, New Mexico was chosen as the site to
TEST the bomb due to its geography and isolation
3. When August 1945 a. Truman warns-
Prompt Utter Destruction b.
Hiroshima August 6, 1945 -Enola Gay
dropped bomb Little Boy c. Nagasaki August
9, 1945 -Box Car drops Fat Man
d. 110,000 Killed Radiation deaths
later -U.S. studies bomb victims
The ruins around the Industrial Promotion Hall,
now known as the Atomic Bomb Dome in Hiroshima.
(Aug. 6, 1945)
On August 9, 1945, the American B-29 bomber,
Bock's Car left Tinian carrying Fat Man, a
plutonium implosion-type bomb. It was dropped on
Paul Tibbets, Enola Gay Pilot
Enola Gay Crew
Hiroshima Bomb victim
Nagasaki Bomb Damage
(No Transcript)
Atomic aftermath the destruction of Hiroshima,
Japan, after the bombing in 1945.
(No Transcript)
D. Japan Surrenders Aug. 14, 1945 V-J DAY 1.
Emperor Announces surrender on radio a. 1st
time Japanese have heard his voice 2. Japan
surrenders to McArthur on USS
Missouri 3. U.S. takes control of Japan
Creates new Govt E. Battle Results
1. Battle Dead
Britain U.S. Soviets Japan
Soldiers 303,000 322,000 7,500,000 1,576,000
Civilians 85,000 0 20,000,000 300,000
2. unconditional surrender a. Both
Germany and Japan Japan-U.S.
military control Germany- Split
sectors controlled by Allies (Berlin in USSR
sector but still split)
-totally at mercy of victors a. Soviets and
U.S. WORLD POWERS -Old European powers
destroyed by war ex. France and Britain
-Fascism dead, democracy must face the
devil (communism) narrated
USS Missouri
Gen. Douglas MacArthur signs as Supreme Allied
Commander during formal surrender ceremonies on
the USS MISSOURI in Tokyo Bay. September 2, 1945.
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Provide a heading for each picture!!!