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UNIT 8 THE WORLD AT WAR

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UNIT 8 THE WORLD AT WAR SSWH16 The student will demonstrate an understanding of long-term causes of World War I and its global impact. a. Identify the causes of the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: UNIT 8 THE WORLD AT WAR


1
UNIT 8THE WORLD AT WAR
  • SSWH16 The student will demonstrate an
    understanding of long-term causes of World War I
    and its global impact.
  • a. Identify the causes of the war include Balkan
    nationalism, entangling alliances, and
    militarism.
  • b. Describe conditions on the war front for
    soldiers include the Battle of Verdun.
  • c. Explain the major decisions made in the
    Versailles Treaty include German reparations and
    the mandate system that replaced Ottoman control.
  • d. Analyze the destabilization of Europe in the
    collapse of the great empires include the
    Romanov and Hapsburg dynasties.

2
WORLD WAR I
  • WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT WORLD WAR I?

3
WORLD WAR I
  • http//www.watchknowlearn.org/Video.aspx?VideoID3
    6611CategoryID3903

4
WORLD WAR I
  • World War I (WWI) was a global war centred in
    Europe
  • 1914 1918
  • AKA , Great War
  • involved all the world's great powers
  • two opposing alliances
  • 1. the Allies (formerly the Triple Entente of the
    United Kingdom, France and Russia)
  • 2. the Central Powers (formerly Triple Alliance
    of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy
  • These alliances were both reorganized and
    expanded as more nations entered the war Italy,
    Japan and the United States joined the Allies,
    and the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria the Central
    Powers

5
CAUSE OF WORLD WAR I
  • M
  • A
  • I
  • N
  • MILITARISM
  • ALLIANCES
  • IMPERIALISM
  • NATIONALISM

6
MILITARISM
  • WHAT IS MILITARISM?
  • BUILDING UP ALL PARTS OF MILITARY
  • COMPETITION BETWEEN GREAT POWERS

7
ALLIANCES
  • ALLIED POWERS V. CENTRAL POWERS
  • UK, FR, RU V. GER, AU-HUN, BUL, OE
  • RECALL, ITALY SWITCHED SIDES

8
  • TRIPLE ENTENTE
  • LATER, ALLIED POWERS
  • UNITED KINGDOM, GB
  • FRANCE
  • RUSSIA (RUSSIAN EMPIRE)
  • SERBIA
  • JAPAN
  • UNITED STATES
  • ITALY
  • TRIPLE ALLIANCE
  • LATER, CENTRAL POWERS
  • GERMANY
  • AUSTRIA-HUNGARY
  • ITALY
  • OTTOMAN EMPIRE
  • BULGARIA
  • (ALL EMPIRES, SOME EXCEPTIONS, ITALY SWITCHED
    PRIOR TO OUTBREAK OF WAR)

9
IMPERIALISM
  • GREAT POWERS SET UP COLONIES IN AFRICA AND ASIA
    FOR RESOURCES AND DOMINANCE.
  • WEALTH, DOMINANCE RESULTED IN LARGER MILITARIES
  • ALL THE MAINS ARE CONNECTED.

10
NATIONALISM
  • LOYALITY TO ONES COUNTRY, NATION DEVOTION TO
    HISTORY, CULTURE, LAND, ETHNICITY
  • BALKAN NATIONALISM

11
  • Geopolitical and cultural region of southeastern
    Europe
  • Many linguistic families meet in the region,
    including the Slavic, Romance, Hellenic,
    Albanian, and Turkic language families
  • The main religion is Orthodox Christianity,
    followed by Catholic Christianity and Sunni Islam

12
  • Balkanization
  • describes the process of fragmentation or
    division of a region or state into smaller
    regions or states that are often hostile or
    non-cooperative with each other

13
  • IMMEDIATE CAUSE
  • ASSASSINATION OF ARCHDUKE FRANZ FERDINAND, HEIR
    TO THE THRONE OF AUSTRIA-HUNGARY
  • BY WHOM? GAVRILO PRINCIP, FROM SERBIA HE WAS A
    SERBIAN TERRORIST AND MEMBER OF THE BLACK HAND
  • BLACK HAND SUPPORTED A GREATER SERBIA AND
    EXPANSION OF A LARGER SLAVIC STATE

14
THE BATTLEFRONT
  • Trench warfare begins (19141915)
  • STALEMATE!!!
  • Barbed wire was a significant hindrance to massed
    infantry advances
  • Artillery, vastly more lethal than in the 1870s,
    coupled with machine guns, made crossing open
    ground extremely difficult
  • The Germans were the first to use lethal poison
    gas on a large scale it soon became used by both
    sides, though it never proved decisive in winning
    a battle. Its effects were brutal, causing slow
    and painful death, and poison gas became one of
    the most-feared and best-remembered horrors of
    the war
  • Commanders on both sides failed to develop
    tactics for breaching entrenched positions
    without heavy casualties. In time, however,
    technology began to produce new offensive
    weapons, such as the tank
  • The Battle of Verdun, 1916, one of the major
    battles during the First World War on the Western
    Front
  • French victory

15
  • According to contemporary estimates, Verdun
    resulted in 714,231 casualties, 377,231 on the
    French side and 337,000 on the German one, an
    average of 70,000 casualties for each of the ten
    months of the battle
  • It was the longest and one of the most
    devastating battles in the First World War and
    the history of warfare. Modern estimates increase
    the number of casualties to 976,000. In any case
    most of these casualties had been inflicted upon
    both sides by artillery rather than by small arms
    fire.

16
THE END OF THE WARTHE TREATY OF VERSAILLES
  • THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES
  • SETTLED BY THE BIG 4 (IT, USA, FR, UK)
  • one of the peace treaties at the end of World War
    I
  • ended the state of war between Germany and the
    Allied Powers
  • SIGNED 28 June 1919, exactly five years after the
    assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

17
  • The other Central Powers on the German side of
    World War I were dealt with in separate treaties
  • PARIS PEACE CONFERENCE
  • most important and controversial required Germany
    to accept responsibility for causing the war
  • SEE HANDOUTS FOR HIGHLIGHTS AND RESULTS OF TREATY

18
IMPORTANT PART OF TREATY OF VERSAILLES
  • MANDATE SYSTEM
  • mandate, an authorization granted by the League
    of Nations to a member nation to govern a former
    German or Turkish colony. The territory was
    called a mandated territory, or mandate

19
  • Following the defeat of Germany and Ottoman
    Turkey in World War I, their Asian and African
    possessions were distributed among the victorious
    Allied powers under the authority of Article 22
    of the Covenant of the League of Nations
  • (League of Nations, an organization for
    international cooperation established at the
    initiative of the victorious Allied Powers at the
    end of World War I LIKE THE UNITED NATIONS OF
    TODAY)

20
MANDATES
  • THREE MANDATES
  • Class A- Consisted of the former Turkish
    provinces of Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, and Palestine,
    FOR GREAT BRITAIN AND FRANCE
  • Class B-Consisted of the former German-ruled
    African colonies, FOR GREAT BRITAIN, FRANCE, AND
    BELGIUM
  • Class C- consisted of various former German-held
    territories in Africa, south, and the Pacific,
    FOR SOUTH AFRICA, GREAT BRITAIN, NEW ZEALAND,
    AUSTRALIA, AND JAPAN

21
RESULTS OF WORLD WAR I
  • SEE HANDOUT.
  • IMPORTANT!!!!
  • 1)FALL OF EMPIRES AND DYNASTIES
  • GERMAN EMPIRE (HOHENZOLLERN)
  • RUSSIAN EMPIRE (ROMANOV)
  • AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN (HAPSBURG)
  • 2)INSTABILITY OF EUROPE
  • 3)MAP OF EUROPE CHANGES
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