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Ukraine during the World War II.

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... initiating the start of the Second World War. On September 17 1939 the Soviet army went to ... In June 1940 the USSR forced Rumania to give back ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ukraine during the World War II.


1
Ukraine during the World War II.
  • Plan
  • 1. The Second World War in Ukraine.
  • 2. Ukrainians under the fascist occupation.
    Movement of Opposition.
  • 3. Return of the soviet power to Ukraine.

2
The Second World War
  • World War II, or the Second World War, was a
    global military conflict which involved a
    majority of the world's nations.
  • There were two opposing military alliances the
    Allies and the Axis.
  • The starting date of the war is generally held to
    be September 1939 with the German invasion of
    Poland
  • The war involved the mobilization of over 100
    million military personnel.

3
  • Over 70 million people, the majority of them
    civilians, were killed, making it the deadliest
    conflict in human history.
  • The Soviet Union and the United States emerged
    from the war as the world's leading superpowers.
  • This set the stage for the Cold War, which lasted
    for the next 45 years.
  • The United Nations was formed in the hope of
    preventing another such conflict.

4
SECOND WORLD WAR IN UKRAINE
  • Second World War for Ukraine actually started on
    September 1 1939, when Germans attacked Poland,
  • The most cruel and tragic stage of the war began
    with the attack of Germany on the USSR on June 22
    1941 and continued till the autumn of 1944, when
    German forces were turned out from Ukraine.
  • Having guarantee of neutrality of the Soviet
    Union Hitler attacked Poland, initiating the
    start of the Second World War.

5
  • On September 17 1939 the Soviet army went to
    eastern Poland and occupied almost all territory,
    settled by Ukrainians and Belorusians.
  • In June 1940 the USSR forced Rumania to give back
    Bessarabiya and Bukovyna
  • Punitive bodies of the USSR arrested and deported
    Ukrainian political leaders to the East of
    Russia.
  • From 20 to 30 thousand Ukrainian activists run
    away to Poland, occupied by the Germans.

6
  • At the beginning many representatives of
    intelligence were impressed, as they received job
    in soviet educational and cultural
    establishments, but they quickly understood, that
    became strictly controlled by organization men of
    regime, and in case of violation of directions
    arose threaten of arrest and deportation
  • In the spring of 1940 the regime opened the mask
    of democracy and began wile-ranging repressions
    as against the Ukrainians, as against Poles.
  • The most popular and awful their type was
    deportation to Siberia and Kazakhstan, where
    people died by the whole families.

7
Khreshchatyk, the main street of Kiev, after
German bombardment
8
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9
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10
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11
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12
Map of the World with the Participants in World
War II. The western allies are shown in blue, the
eastern allies in red, the Axis powers in black
and the neutral countries in grey.
13
Ukrainians under the fascist occupation. Movement
of Opposition
  • In 1939 about 550 thousand of Ukrainians from
    Lemkivshina and Holemshina turned out in German
    occupation zone in the eastern remote area of
    Poland
  • Zacarpathian with 550 thousand Ukrainians formed
    a part of Hungary.
  • Soon after coming of Germans, in Ukraine appeared
    the national movement of opposition.
  • There also existed underground organizational
    system of Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists
    (OUN)

14
  • Partisans were mainly collected in northern west
    part of the country in the forests of Volyn,
    bogs of Polissya and Carpathians.
  • In the beginning of 1944 on the occupied lands of
    Ukraine in general 47 thousand 800 people in the
    form of partisan detachments and struggled with
    fascist conquers.
  • In 1942 members of different branches of
    Organization of Ukrainian nationalists (OUN)
    created small elements in Volyn.
  • Ukrainian revolt army (URA) quickly grew in the
    big, well-organized partisan army, which took
    control under the significant parts of Volyn,
    Polissya and finally Galychyna.

15
Execution of partisans, somewhere in the Soviet
Union, September, 1941
16
Partisans take on the village to drive away a
German punitive expedition.
17
Return of the soviet power to Ukraine
  • The decisive crisis arose in the war in 1943 the
    soviet army began the counter-offensive, the main
    purpose of which was in liberation of the
    left-bank Ukraine.
  • During the end of the summer-autumn of 1943 the
    soviet army occupied left-bank and Donbas.
  • On August 23 in result of desperate fight Kharkiv
    was liberated. In September-October the Red army
    broke powerful line of German defense at the
    Dnieper and on November 6 entered to Kyiv.

18
  • In January 1944 after the short stop almost 2,3
    million of Red army began clearing from Germans
    right-bank and Crimea.
  • In September they crossed the Carpathians and
    till the October 1944 all ethnic Ukrainian
    territory appeared in soviet hands.
  • Second World War took the lives at least 5,3
    million Ukrainians, or one from every six citizen
    of Ukraine died in the struggle.
  • 2,3 million Ukrainians were taken out from the
    forced labor in Germany.

19
  • Completely or partly it were destroyed over 700
    big and small cities and 28 thousand villages, in
    result of what 10 million people became homeless.
  • As the war caused in Ukraine more damage, than in
    any country in Europe, losses in the economy
    gained huge measures.
  • It was estimated, that Ukraine lost over 40
    percent of its economy.

20
References
  • 1. Subtelny, Orest. Ukraine A History. Toronto
    University of Toronto Press (1988).
  • 2. Andrew Wilson. The Ukrainians Unexpected
    Nation. Yale University Press 2nd edition
    (2002).
  • 3. Anna Reid. Borderland A Journey Through the
    History of Ukraine. London, Orion Books 4th
    impression (1998, preface 2003).
  • 4. Paul Robert Magocsi. A History of Ukraine.
    Toronto University of Toronto Press (1996).
  • 5. Mykhailo Hrushevsky. History of Ukraine-Rus
    in 9 volumes.
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