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ISN pg 170, Unit 14: World War I

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Russia turns Communist (USSR) What Caused World War 1? Militarism Alliances Imperialism & Rivalries Nationalism Imperialism & Rivalries The Industrial Revolution led ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ISN pg 170, Unit 14: World War I


1
  • ISN pg 170, Unit 14 World War I Russian
    Revolution
  • ISN pg 172, title Causes of World War I
  • Preview
  • Is there ever a good reason to go to war? Explain

2
The Great War The War to End All Wars
  • The
  • Causes of
  • World War I

3
Causes of World War I
  • World War 1 was also known as
  • The War to End All Wars
  • The First Modern War
  • The Imperialist War
  • The Trench War
  • The Great War

4
Europe before the war
Europe during the war
The Eastern Front
The Allied Powers
The Western Front
WW1 is a two-front war because Germany has to
fight the Allies on both sides
The Central Powers
5
Europe before the war
Europe after the war
New countries!
Divided empires!
New countries!
New countries!
New countries!
New countries!
Divided empires!
New countries!
Russia turns Communist (USSR)
6
What Caused World War 1?
  • Militarism
  • Alliances
  • Imperialism Rivalries
  • Nationalism

7
Imperialism Rivalries
In 1898, England France argued over rights to
the Sudan in Africa (the Fashoda Incident)
In 1899, Germany, England, Russia argued over
rights to build a railroad in India
  • The Industrial Revolution led to hostile
    competition as imperialists fought over the same
    colonies

In 1905, 1908, 1911, Germany France almost
went to war over Morocco
8
Militarism
  • Europeans believed their national power was
    determined by their military strength
    (militarism)
  • The Industrial Revolution led to large, advanced
    armies navies with new industrial weapons
  • Because European countries tried to keep up with
    each other, an arms race began This made it
    difficult to settle minor problems by talking
    things out

9
The European Arms Race
England Germany competed to create the largest
navies in Europe
10
Nationalism
France wanted revenge against Germany for its
loss during the Franco-Prussian War in 1871
  • Nationalism created feelings of great pride
    united the citizens of a country led some
    countries to want revenge for previous wars
  • German Hymn of Hate song
  • Hate by water hate by land
  • Hate of the heart hate of the hand
  • We love as one We hate as one
  • We have but one foe alone England

11
The Slavic peoples wanted to unite form a
Slavic nation (Yugoslavia) but Austria-Hungary
did not want this to happen
Nationalism also divided people
The most tense place in Europe by 1914 was
the Balkans as Serbia, Greece, Albania, Bulgaria,
Romania all broke from the Ottoman Empire to
make new nations
12
Pan-Slavism in the Balkans, 1914
The Balkans became a powder keg waiting for a
spark to blow up
13
Alliances
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy made up the
Triple Alliance
England, France, Russia made up the Triple
Entente
  • No nation wanted to fight in a war by itself so
    nations formed alliances

These alliances did not make Europe more secure,
they made it more tense
14
Causes of WWI
  • By 1914, Europe was in a
    bad position
  • Powerful European nations had large
    armies navies
  • Militarism supported the idea that war can be
    good can bring glory to nation its people
    (Nationalism)
  • Nations were tied together by alliances, so if
    one country went to war, the others had to go too

15
The War Begins
  • On June 28, 1914, the Austro-Hungarian Archduke
    Franz Ferdinand was assassinated

16
The Assassin
GavriloPrincip
17
The War Begins
  • On July 23, Austria-Hungary issued an ultimatum
    to Serbia
  • Either allow Austria-Hungarian officials to
    investigate the assassination OR
  • Go to war
  • On July 28,1914 Serbia declined the ultimatum
    Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia

18
(No Transcript)
19
Hurray! War is great! Lets go beat those
Germans!
20
How was WW1 a world war?
21
How was WW1 a world war?
22
Essential Question
  • What four factors led to World War I?
  • What alliances were formed?
  • What role did nationalism play in causing WWI?
  • What is militarism?

23
Roots of WWI Video
  • (536)

24
(No Transcript)
25
What were the M.A.I.N Causes of WWI?
  • Map Activity
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