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Unit 8: World War One

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Unit 8: World War One causes course effects of nationalism ethnic and ideological conflicts Woodrow Wilson s leadership in the Treaty of Versailles and the League ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Unit 8: World War One


1
Unit 8 World War One
  • causes
  • course
  • effects of nationalism
  • ethnic and ideological conflicts
  • Woodrow Wilsons leadership in the Treaty of
    Versailles and the League of Nations

2
World War I
  • When
  • 1914-1918 (US enters in 1917)
  • Who
  • Central Powers vs Allies
  • Why
  • Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, Nationalism
  • -Assassination of Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand
  • Impact
  • -Treaty of Versailles
  • -League of Nations US did not join
  • -Germany pay reparations, war guilt, lost
    territory
  • -Russia ? Soviet Union

3
Unit 8 WWI
-Key People -Woodrow Wilson Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand Lenin General John. J. Pershing Kaiser Wilhelm II Harlem Hell fighters Doughboys -Documents -Treaty of Paris -League of Nations -14 points -Zimmerman Telegram -Espionage and Sedition Acts
4
Unit 9 Roaring 20s Great Depression
  • social, cultural, and economic effects of
    scientific innovation
  • consumer financing options - Installment Plan
  • expansion of mass production techniques
  • invention of new home appliances
  • role of transportation in changing urban life
  • Harlem Renaissance
  • new trends in literature, music, and art and the
    effects of radio and movies
  • role of women their attainment of the right to
    vote
  • Red Scare the Sacco and Vanzetti case
  • resurgence of the Ku Klux Klan
  • immigration quotas - nativism
  • Prohibition
  • Scopes trial.

5
Unit 9 Roaring 20s Great Depression
  • Stock market crash
  • Cause and Effect
  • Great Depression
  • the disparity in incomes
  • limited government regulation
  • stock market speculation
  • collapse of the farm economy
  • Effects on Human beings and Environment
  • 1st and 2nd New Deals
  • Women and Minority rights in the workplace
  • successes, controversies, and failures of recovery

6
Unit 9 Roaring 20s Great Depression
-Key People -Warren G Harding -Calvin Coolidge -Marcus Garvey -Langston Hughes -Zora Neal Hurston -Louis Armstrong -Sinclair Lewis the Lost Generation -Mitchell Palmer -Al Copone -Herbert Hoover -Franklin D. Roosevelt -Father Charles Coughlin -Huey P. Long -Francis Perkins? -Documents -New Deal -18th Amendment Volstead Act -21st Amendment
7
Unit 10 WWII
  • Rise aggression of totalitarian regimes
  • Italy - Benito Mussolini
  • Germany - Adolf Hitler
  • Japan - Hideki Tojo
  • US decision to go to WWII
  • isolationism to international involvement
  • Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
  • Leaders of World War II
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, Joseph
    Stalin, and Charles de Gaulle.

8
Unit 10 WWII
  • Major events
  • Battle of the Bulge, Midway, Normandy, Iwo Jima,
    and Okinawa Hiroshima Nagasaki
  • At Home
  • war bond drives, rationing, the role of women and
    minorities in the workforce, and racial and
    ethnic tensions like internment of Japanese
    Americans.
  • Allies response to war crimes, including the
    Holocaust war crimes trials -Nuremberg
  • Impact of the scientific technological
    developments in US after World War II
  • new systems for scientific research, medical
    advances, improvements in agricultural
    technology, resultant changes in the standard
    of living demographic patterns

9
WWII
  • When
  • 1939-1945 (US enters in 1941)
  • Who
  • Axis vs Allies
  • Why
  • Hitler took many European countries.
  • League of Nations too weak to stop him
  • Countries hurting from the Depression
  • Impacts
  • -United Nations
  • -Nuremberg Trials
  • -Countries formed like Israel
  • -Free Elections
  • -Start of the Cold War

10
Unit 10 World War II
-Key People -Franklin Roosevelt -Winston Churchill -Charles de Gaulle -Joseph Stalin -Adolf Hitler -General Patton -General Eisenhower -General MacArthur -Tuskegee Airmen -Documents -Neutrality Act -Lend Lease -Korematsu v. United States
11
Affluent 50s
  • causes effects of social cultural changes in
    postwar America
  • educational programs
  • expanding suburbanization Levittown
  • Consumer culture
  • secularization of society
  • Reemergence of religious conservatism
  • roles of women in American society.

12
Affluent 50s
  • origins of Cold War
  • course of the Cold War
  • containment policy -conflicts in Korea,
  • the nuclear arms race
  • Space race
  • the effects of the Red Scare and McCarthyism
  • military alliances NATO, WARSAW, SEATO

13
Korean Conflict
  • When
  • 1950-1953
  • Who
  • North Korea (USSR) vs South Korea (USA)
  • Why
  • North attacked South Korea
  • -US fear of domino theory wanted to contain
  • Impact
  • -Armistice 38th Parallel redrawn

14
Affluent 50s
-Key People -Harry Truman -Joseph McCarthy -Julius and Ethel Rosenberg -Hollywood 10 -Eisenhower -Thurgood Marshall -Rosa Parks -Martin Luther King Jr -George Wallace -Little Rock 9 -William Levit -Douglas MacArthur -Documents -GI Bill -National Security Act -Brown vs Board of Education -National Highway Act
15
Multiple Choice
16
WWI Affluent 50s
  • Which of these was a fundamental cause of World
    War I?  A) a worldwide economic depression  B)
    a communist revolution in Russia  C) the growth
    of nationalism in Europe  D) the end of the
    international slave trade

17
  • Answer CExplanation The growth of nationalism
    in Europe was a major cause of the first World
    War. Nations like England, France, and the
    newly-unified Germany believed themselves to be
    superior to their neighbors and used military
    force to back up that belief.

18
WWI Affluent 50s
  • The purpose of Woodrow Wilson's "Fourteen Points"
    was to  A) state the U.S. goals in W. W. I.  B)
    encourage Italy to join the Allied Powers.  C)
    explain why the U.S. did not enter World War I in
    1914.  D) explain the U.S. position concerning
    the Bolshevick Revolution in Russia.

19
  • Answer AExplanation The purpose of Woodrow
    Wilson's Fourteen Points was to state the U.S.
    goals in W. W. I. The Fourteen Points dealt with
    such things as disarmament, freedom of the seas,
    and, of course, the League of Nations.

20
WWI Affluent 50s
  • The Treaty of Versailles brought to an end
    to  A) World War I.  B) World War II.  C) The
    French Revolution.  D) The American Revolution.

21
  • Answer AExplanation The Treaty of Versailles
    brought to an end World War I. Unfortunately, it
    was so poorly conceived that it inadvertently
    brought about the Great Depression AND World War
    II.

22
WWI Affluent 50s
  • The League of Nations  A) was supported by
    President Wilson, but rejected by Congress.  B)
    was established prior to WWI but proved incapable
    of preventing the war.  C) had widespread
    popular support in the US but was rejected by
    President Wilson..  D) successfully prevented
    the rise of dictatorships in Europe following
    World War I.

23
  • Answer AExplanation The League of Nations was
    supported by President Wilson, but rejected by
    Congress. This was the cornerstone of Wilson's
    "Fourteen Points," but the U.S. Senate thought it
    would possibly give away U.S. power to foreign
    organizations. If it had been successful, it
    might have prevented the rise of dictatorships in
    Europe following WWI.

24
WWI Affluent 50s
  • When World War I began, the official United
    States policy was  A) to enter on the side of
    the Allied Powers.  B) to remain militarily and
    politically neutral.  C) to support the Central
    Powers by providing war materials.  D) to
    support the Allied Powers while staying out of
    the war.

25
  • Answer BExplanation When World War I began,
    the official United States policy was to remain
    militarily and politically neutrality. The war
    was seen as a purely European conflict, though
    this view would obviously change.

26
WWI Affluent 50s
  • The U.S. Congress refused to ratify the Treaty of
    Versailles (1919) because  A) it punished
    Germany too harshly.  B) the United States did
    not receive enough territory.  C) President
    Wilson was against the League of Nations.  D) it
    felt the League of Nations would restrict America
    of its sovereignty.

27
  • Answer DExplanation Despite the fact that
    President Wilson created the League of Nations,
    the Senate refused to approve American membership
    into the organization. Their concern was that the
    League of Nations would restrict America of its
    sovereignty to wage war or protect the country
    from attack.

28
WWI Affluent 50s
  • A similarity between the Red Scare of the 1920s
    and McCarthyism in the 1950s was that during
    each period
  • A. thousands of American citizens were expelled
    from the United States
  • B. the Communist Party gained many members in the
    United States
  • C. many government employees were convicted of
    giving secrets to the Soviet Union
  • D. the civil liberties of American citizens were
    threatened

29
  • D.
  • During the Palmer Raids of the 1920s the
    headquarters of dissident and communist
    organizations were raided with out warrants.
    Also, 4,000 people were arrested and help
    without trial or access to counsel, newspapers
    were shut down and some legal foreigners were
    deported. During the 1950s the policy of
    blacklisting resulted in many Americans inside
    and outside the government loosing their jobs,
    without cause.

30
WWI Affluent 50s
  • The successful launching of Sputnik by the Soviet
    Union in 1957 signaled the beginning of
  • A. American fears that the Soviets had achieved
    technological superiority
  • B. the Cold War with the United States
  • C. Soviet aggression in Afghanistan and China
  • D. disarmament discussions between the
    superpowers

31
  • A.
  • The Space Race began in 1957 when the Soviet
    Union launched the first manmade satellite,
    Sputnik. The American government and the American
    people feared that control of space determine the
    winner in the cold war. The tension created by
    the cold war, along with the perceived technology
    gap, led the United States to pour billions of
    dollars into the development of a space program
    (NASA). The space race culminated with the quest
    for the moon, promised by President John F.
    Kennedy in 1961 and coming to fruition with Neil
    Armstrongs giant leap for mankind in 1969.

32
  • The baby boom primarily resulted from the
  • A. economic prosperity of the 1920s
  • B. Great Depression of the 1930s
  • C. delay in marriages during World War II
  • D. counterculture movement of the 1960s

33
  • C.

34
WWI Affluent 50s
  • The Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan
    represented attempts by the United States to deal
    with the
  • A. national debt
  • B. spread of communism
  • C. Presidents political opposition
  • D. arms race

35
  • B.
  • The Truman Doctrine was request to the US
    Congress for assistance for Greece and Turkey
    (weapons, food, aid) in their on-going struggle
    against Communism within their nations. The
    Marshall plan was billions of dollars in US aid
    for the war revenged nations of Europe, following
    the Second World War. The intention of the
    Marshall plan was to provide an incentive for the
    nations of Europe to reject a move to communism
    and allow a stable transition to democratic
    governments.

36
WWI Affluent 50s
  • Shortly after World War II, the cold war
    developed mainly as a result of the
  • A. United States refusal to send economic aid to
    European nations
  • B. Soviet domination of Eastern Europe
  • C. competition between the superpowers to explore
    outer space
  • D. continuation of the pre-World War II balance
    of power

37
  • B.
  • At the end of World War II the Soviet Union did
    not withdraw from the Eastern European nations
    that it had liberated from German control.
    Instead, the USSR set up communist governments in
    these nations, who were directly under the
    domination and control of Moscow. The US and
    Western European governments feared the USSR
    would attempt to expand the Iron Curtain of
    communism further. The resulting fear, mistrust
    and confrontation, gave birth to the nearly 50
    year long Cold War.

38
WWI Affluent 50s
  • The Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan
    represented attempts by the United States to deal
    with the
  • A. national debt
  • B. spread of communism
  • C. Presidents political opposition
  • D. arms race

39
  • B.
  • The Truman Doctrine was request to the US
    Congress for assistance for Greece and Turkey
    (weapons, food, aid) in their on-going struggle
    against Communism within their nations. The
    Marshall plan was billions of dollars in US aid
    for the war revenged nations of Europe, following
    the Second World War. The intention of the
    Marshall plan was to provide an incentive for the
    nations of Europe to reject a move to communism
    and allow a stable transition to democratic
    governments.

40
WWI Affluent 50s
  • Shortly after World War II, the cold war
    developed mainly as a result of the
  • A. United States refusal to send economic aid to
    European nations
  • B. Soviet domination of Eastern Europe
  • C. competition between the superpowers to explore
    outer space
  • D. continuation of the pre-World War II balance
    of power

41
  • B.
  • At the end of World War II the Soviet Union did
    not withdraw from the Eastern European nations
    that it had liberated from German control.
    Instead, the USSR set up communist governments in
    these nations, who were directly under the
    domination and control of Moscow. The US and
    Western European governments feared the USSR
    would attempt to expand the Iron Curtain of
    communism further. The resulting fear, mistrust
    and confrontation, gave birth to the nearly 50
    year long Cold War.

42
  • What was the main purpose of the Truman Doctrine,
    the Marshall Plan, and the Berlin air-lift?
  • A. controlling Nazism in Europe
  • B. establishing friendly relations between the
    United States and the Soviet Union
  • C. spreading democracy to developing nations
  • D. limiting Soviet expansion

43
  • D.
  • The Truman Doctrine was request to the US
    Congress for assistance for Greece and Turkey
    (weapons, food, aid) in their on-going struggle
    against Communism within their nations. The
    Marshall plan was billions of dollars in US aid
    for the war revenged nations of Europe, following
    the Second World War. The intention of the
    Marshall plan was to provide an incentive for the
    nations of Europe to reject a move to communism
    and allow a stable transition to democratic
    governments. In 1949 the USSR controlled,
    communist government of Eastern Germany blockaded
    access to the democratic, western half of Berlin
    (the city of Berlin was totally contained within
    Eastern Germany). Truman responded by ordering
    the Berlin Airlift, a dropping of food, medicine
    and supplies into the city by plane. These cases
    exemplify the policy of containment toward
    communism.

44
Political Cartoon 1
  • Identify the time period.
  • Significant people/person or documents.
  • Explain the cartoon?

45
Political Cartoon 2
  • Identify the time period.
  • Significant people/person or documents.
  • Explain the cartoon?

46
Political Cartoon 3
  • Identify the time period.
  • Significant people/person or documents.
  • Explain the cartoon?
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