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World War I, The Great War

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World War I, The Great War 1914-1918 Causes of the War Nationalism- pride in and loyalty to one s ethnic group Imperialism- race for colonies around the globe ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: World War I, The Great War


1
World War I, The Great War
  • 1914-1918

2
Causes of the War
  • Nationalism- pride in and loyalty to ones ethnic
    group
  • Imperialism- race for colonies around the globe
  • Militarism - arms race in Europe
  • Alliance System

3
Alliances
  • 1882 Bismarck joins Germany with Austria-Hungary
    (A-H)
  • Treaty with Russia
  • 1890 Kaiser Wilhelm II gets rid of Bismarck and
    cancels treaty with Russia
  • Russia joins with France
  • Triple Entente Russia, France, Great Britain
  • Triple Alliance Germany, A-H, Italy

4
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5
War Breaks Out
  • July 1914 Assassination of the A-H Archduke
    Franz Ferdinand and wife Sophia in Sarajevo
  • A-H declares war on Serbia
  • Russia mobilizes to defend its ally Serbia
  • Germany declares war on Russia, then France
  • Germany invades Belgium and Great Britain and
    Italy enter the war on the Allied Powers side

6
Life at War
  • Trench warfare
  • Poison gas
  • Automatic weapons

7
Trench Warfare on the Western Front
8
Poison Gas
9
War on the Western Front
  • Failure of the Schlieffen plan
  • Stalemate in France
  • 1916- about 2 million die

10
War on the Eastern Front
  • Fighting in Western Russia and the Balkans
  • Russia and Italy plunge into social turmoil

11
Homefronts in Europe
  • Total war
  • Food shortages, rationing
  • Propaganda
  • Women in the labor force
  • Rise of labor leaders

12
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13
War Outside Europe
  • Manpower and supplies from colonies
  • British white dominions send troops to Africa and
    Middle East
  • Japan joined allied cause and attacked German
    colonies in Asia
  • U.S. entered the war on the allied side in 1917

14
End of War and the Treaty of Versailles
  • Germany agrees to armistice after U.S. military
    overwhelms them
  • Treaty of Versailles left signers unsatisfied
  • Wilsons 14 points of peace
  • League of Nations established
  • Germany punished
  • Russia not allowed to participate
  • A-H and the Ottoman Empire collapsed as political
    entities

15
Legacy of the War
  • Huge loss of human life and lost generation
  • Great Depression
  • Rise of revolutions
  • Rise of totalitarianism
  • New independent nations
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