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World War I The Great War

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Title: World War I The Great War Author: Administrator Last modified by: Administrator Created Date: 3/16/2006 10:14:58 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: World War I The Great War


1
World War IThe Great War
World War I The Great War
2
Major Players
  • Central Powers
  • Germany
  • Austria-Hungary
  • Ottoman Empire
  • Allies
  • Britain
  • France
  • America (1917)
  • Belgium
  • Russia
  • Italy

3
Key Political and Military Leaders
Central Powers
  • King GeorgeKing of England
  • Tsar Nicholas- Tsar of Russia

Allies
Otto Von Bismarck- Chancellor of Germany
Kaiser Wilhelm II German Emperor
  • Franz FerdinandArchduke of Austria

Pres. Wilson
4
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
Germany
Empire of Russia
Austria-Hungary
France
Ottoman Empire
Europe 1900
5
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6
M.A.I.N.
  • Militarism
  • Alliances
  • Imperialism
  • Nationalism

7
Militarism European countries began giving the
military a higher profile Arms race between
Britain and Germany Dreadnoughts Armies in
France and Germany had doubled between 1870 and
1914 Germany thirsted for military power and
glory
8
Imperialism
  • Lenin famously predicted that the worldwide
    system of imperialism would be responsible for a
    world war.
  • Some believed that unlimited competition for
    expanding markets, would lead to a global
    military conflict.
  •  Great Britain, Germany and France needed foreign
    markets after the increase in manufacturing
    caused by the Industrial Revolution. These
    countries competed for economic expansion in
    Africa and Asia

9
AFTER THE EUROPEAN POWERS 1914
BEFORE IMPERIAL POWERS CAME TO AFRICA 1878
10
Scramle for Africa
1902
1873
1914
11
Nationalism
Nationalism is an ideology that holds that
(ethnically or culturally defined) nations are
the "fundamental units" for human social life,
and makes certain cultural and political claims
based upon that belief. Nationalism is just
like patriotism. Nationalism is when people
identify with their country. Nationalism is
extreme love of one's country.
12
America's main contributions to the victory over
the Central Powers Foodstuffs Manpower Money.
The Allies depended neither on American
armaments nor on American military victories in
the field  
13
Changes on The Home Front. The changes were not
a transformative as WWII would be on American
society Women in the Work force   Women serving
in the Women's Land Army replaced men in farms
all over the country in order to sustain
agricultural production.   In the cities, women
took jobs as street car conductors and postal
carriers and found employment in shipbuilding and
other heavy manufacturing that previously had
been closed to them.
14
WWI Poster- Depiction of Women
Intended audience? What response is
created? What does the poster tell you about
women during WWI? List visual details to support
your answer
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The End of the War
The War on the Eastern Front Bolsheviks seize
power. Lenin and the Bolshevik party signed
the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with the Central
powers. March 1918. Central powers
can now focus on western front.
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21
Germany's Last Push March 1918 1 million men
March-May the Germans pushed back the allies 50
miles from Paris.   The Allies began a 100 day
offensive Sept 1918 The Americans with 260,000
men went over the top to break the Hindenburg
line. It stretched for more then 100 miles
22
Hindenburg Line 1918
23
By Oct it was obvious that Germany could no
longer defend itself much less mount a counter
offensive. A cease fire at 11 am on Nov.
11. ( after the last offensive on the same day
which cost 11,000 allied lives.)     The official
end of the war came in June 1919 with the signing
of the Versailles Treaty  
24
Versailles Treaty
Versailles Treaty
25
Conditions of the Treaty LAND Germany colonies
and Ottoman Empire divided among the
allies Czechoslovakia Yugoslavia  others emerged
as independent nations   France reclaims
Alsacre-Lorrain region MILITARY Army of 100,000
men, No tanks Heavy artillery No subs 6 battle
ships
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Money and Guilt
Must admit full guilt Assessed billions in
reparations   269 billion marks, excessive 132
billion marks, if they paid, they would have paid
it off in 1987
28
Creation of League of Nations 5 Permanent
Members US Great Britain Italy Japan France Th
e League member nations try to resolve disputes
peacefully and avoid another world
war -diplomacy -wait period -collective
security  
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30
Wilson needed 2/3 majority of senate to agree to
the treaty. Some flatly rejected it, others
wanted some changes, for example Article 10,
which committed the us to defending other league
members. This would call into question the
senate's constitutional power to declare
war.     To gain support Wilson traveled the
country. while traveling he suffered a stroke.
The League was created, but the US was not
apart of it. They could not accept the Treaty.    
31
Study Guide Know Major players Countries and
Leaders Map Be able to label Allies and Central
Powers M.A.I.N. Be able to define the terms and
their affect on the outbreak of war Americas
Contributions American Women and the Work
Force What jobs Women and Propaganda You will
be given a poster to analyze Describe conditions
in Russia and their affect on the war What is the
Versailles Treaty? What were the conditions of
the Versailles Treaty? Speculate on how the
Treaty changed Europe.
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