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The End of the Great War

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... keeping in mind the smaller countries Spirit of forgiveness toward Germany Great Britain Germany to ... economic system Economic ... economic/political ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The End of the Great War


1
The End of the Great War
2
  • November 11, 1918
  • An armistice was signed at Compiegne between
    Germany and the Allies, the terms of which were
    determined by the Allies
  • At 1100 am the hostilities ended on the Western
    Front.

3
  • Wilsons 14 Points
  • Establish a League of Nations to keep world peace
  • Ending of secret treaties
  • Freedom of the seas
  • Removing economic barriers to trade
  • Reducing the size of national armies and navies
  • Change colonial claims so native people living in
    these areas have more rights

4
  • The Big Four
  • Woodrow Wilson- The United States
  • David Lloyd George- England
  • George Clemenceau- France
  • Vittorio Orlando- Italy

5
  • United States
  • Just/fair division of territories, keeping in
    mind the smaller countries
  • Spirit of forgiveness toward Germany
  • Great Britain
  • Germany to pay penalties
  • African colonies taken away from Germany
  • Ottoman Empire to be divided between
    France/Britain

6
  • France
  • Weaken Germany to avoid further aggression
  • Wanted to take back Alsace and Lorraine and
    demilitarize the French and German border
  • Ottoman Empire to be divided between
    France/Britain
  • Italy
  • Land to be taken away from Austria and given to
    Italy (The Allies promised them land if they
    entered into WWI)

7
Treaty of Versailles
  • Different Allied Objectives
  • The Big Four who dominated the peace conference
    all had different objectives
  • After months of argument and compromise emerged
    the Treaty of Versailles
  • Territorial
  • Germany surrendered Alsace-Lorraine to the French
  • Germany and Austria-Hungry also lose other lands
  • Austria-Hungry become two separate nations

8
  • Colonial
  • Germany lost all its colonies to the Allies to be
    held by the League of Nations
  • Disarmament
  • German army was limited to 100,00 volunteer
    soldiers
  • The Rhineland between France Germany was
    demilitarized
  • German navy was reduced to a few small ships
  • Submarines, military crafts, and war industries
    were prohibited

9
  • War Guilt and Reparation
  • Germany accepted sole responsibility for causing
    the war
  • Agreed to pay reparations for all damages
  • League of Nations
  • International organization of countries formed
    after WWI to promote peace
  • The United States would not join
  • It will later turn into the United Nations

10
Effects of WWI
  • Social
  • 10 million soldiers were killed and over 20
    million were wounded
  • Millions of civilians die due to hostilities,
    famine and disease
  • World was left with hatred, intolerance and
    extreme nationalism

11
  • Economic
  • War cost 350 Billion, so people were taxed
    heavily to pay for the war debt
  • Trade suffers
  • Communists seize power in Russia and introduce
    new economic system
  • Economic problems due to the war will help cause
    the Great Depression

12
  • Political
  • The United States emerges as a world power
  • Three major European Dynasties were dethroned
  • Russia, Austria-Hungry, Ottoman Empire
  • New nations states arose in Central Europe
  • Austria, Hungry, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia,
    Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland
  • The League of Nations was established
  • Many European nations will turn to dictatorships
    due to economic/political problems

13
Closing/Reflection
  • What is an armistice?
  • What were Woodrow Wilsons 14 pts?
  • Why was Wilsons 14 pts unsuccessful?
  • According to the Treaty of Versailles, who was
    the cause of WWI?
  • What were some of the social/economic effects of
    WWI?
  • How could the Treaty of Versailles have helped
    cause WWII?
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