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The World War I Era The Road to War

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The World War I Era The Road to War Causes of World War I Imperialism Scramble for empires created sharp rivalries Militarism Military buildup made war more likely ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The World War I Era The Road to War


1
The World War I Era The Road to War
2
Causes of World War I
  • Imperialism
  • Scramble for empires created sharp rivalries
  • Militarism
  • Military buildup made war more likely
  • Military officials became influential in European
    governments
  • Nationalism (two forms)
  • Great Powers willing to go to war to protect
    empire
  • Ethnic minorities within empires wanted
    independence

3
  • Alliances
  • Alliances designed to bolster national security
  • Assassination - Archduke Francis Ferdinand
  • Bosnia was under the control of the
    Austro-Hungarian Empire
  • Murdered by a Serbian terrorist, Gavrilo Princip

4
Chain of Events
  • July 28, 1914
  • Austro-Hungary declared war on Serbia
  • July 29th, 1914,
  • Russia mobilized military to protect its ethnic
    cousins, Serbians
  • August 1, 1914
  • Germany, Austrias chief ally, declared war on
    Russia
  • August 3, 1914
  • France, Russias ally, began to mobilize for war
    against Germany

5
  • The Schleiffen Plan pulled England into the war
  • Plan required Germany to invade Belgium, defeat
    France quickly, to avoid fighting a two front war
  • England was an ally of Belgium thus entered the
    war against Germany

Animated Map
6
1914 - 1918
  • Central Powers
  • Austro-Hungarian Empire
  • Ottoman Empire
  • Germany
  • Allied Powers
  • Russia
  • Serbia
  • France
  • Great Britain
  • Italy
  • Romania
  • Greece
  • United States (April 1917)

7
American Public Opinion Neutrality
  • Many Americans felt personally involved.
  • About 92 million Americans were 1st or 2nd
    generation immigrants
  • Most Americans opposed the Central Powers
  • Germany undemocratic Kaiser an Autocrat
  • Viewed Germans as cold blooded militaristic
  • Remained neutral to protect American investment
    overseas

8
THE END
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