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Causes of World War II

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Title: Causes of World War II


1
Causes of World War II
  • 1939- 1945

2
1) The Great War
  • Germans feel they never really lost the war
  • Treaty of Versailles- Germans feel they are
    unfairly blamed, cannot pay money owed
  • Italy and Japan feel they do not gain enough for
    their efforts

3
2) Great Depression
  • 1929 the US Stock Market crashes, leading to a
    US depression, which leads to a worldwide
    depression
  • During hard times, people look for strong
    leadership

4
3) Dictators
  • leader with absolute (all) power

5
Italy
  • 1922 Benito Mussolini
  • his political party was called the Fascists

6
USSR
  • 1924 Joseph Stalin
  • He led the Communists

7
Germany
  • 1933 Adolf Hitler
  • his party was fascist and called the Nazis

8
Spain
  • 1939 Francisco Franco
  • His party was the Nationalists (fascists)

9
Japan
  • 1941-44 Hideki Tojo
  • he leads a military dictatorship (junta)

10
4) Expanding empires
  • control lands
  • people used for labor
  • natural resources
  • power

11
Germany
  • lebensraum- living room. Hitler said they
    needed more space. Wants to control Europe.
  • 1938 Austria joins with Germany (Anschluss)
  • 1938 Allies give away Czechoslovakia without a
    fight (Munich Conference)
  • 1939 wants Poland

12
Japan
  • wants to rule Asia and the Pacific Ocean
  • 1931 Manchuria (northern China) defeated
  • 1937 China invaded (war continues until 1945)

13
Italy
  • Mussolini wants to revive the Roman Empire
    (control the Mediterranean area)
  • 1935 Ethiopia invaded and taken over
  • 1939 Albania invaded

14
5) Why didnt the Allies do anything?
  • World War I killed so many they were afraid of
    another war
  • US would not help (isolationism)
  • thought dictators would go away

15
WWII Maps
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United Kingdom
Winston Churchill 1940-45
Neville Chamberlain until 1940
23
France
Henri Petain until 1940 Vichy France 1940-44
Charles de Gaulle Free France 1940-45
24
USA
Franklin Roosevelt until 1945
Harry Truman 1945
25
China
Mao Zedong Communists
Chiang Kai-Shek Nationalists
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