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Causes of World War I

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Title: World War I Author: Effingham County Last modified by: mgriffis Created Date: 9/25/2013 2:36:37 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Causes of World War I


1
Causes of World War I
  • 1914-1918

2
Scramble for Africa Leading up to WWI
  • During the late 1800s many European countries
    wanted more overseas land
  • Between 1885-1910 many of these countries divided
    the continent of Africa among themselves

3
Africa in 1914
4
Reasons for the colonization of Africa by the
Europeans
  • Need for raw materials to manufacture products in
    European factories (gold, diamonds, and oil
    plentiful in Africa)
  • Desire to have more colonies because colonies
    equaled pride and power
  • Desire to civilize the rest of the world and
    send missionaries to the new colonies

5
Colonization of Asia Leading up to WWI
  • European countries took control of lands they had
    been trading with and made them colonies
  • Great Britain took over India and other countries
    of Southeast Asia
  • France took control of Vietnam among other places
    in Southeast Asia

6
Asian Colonies
7
Causes WWI Imperialism
  • European powers competed to make their empires
    greater than other countries
  • Seized territories in Africa and Asia
  • European countries didnt trust each other

8
Causes WWI Nationalism
  • the love of ones country
  • sometimes led to hostility toward other nations
    (countries)
  • people believed their country was superior to
    other countries
  • would not work together with other countries to
    solve problems

9
Causes of WWI Militarism
  • Built up military forces and stockpiled weapons
  • Adopted warlike attitudes
  • Used threats of war against other European
    countries

10
Causes of WWI Alliances
  • Treaties were signed by many European countries
    agreeing to help each other in case of attack
  • Divided Europe into two sides-the Central Powers
    and the Allied Powers

11
WWI Begins
  • Assassination of the Austrian Archduke Ferdinand
    and his wife was the actual event that started
    the fighting
  • European countries entered the war to support
    their allies

12
WWI Facts
  • Global war with 32 countries
  • Lasted from 1914-1918
  • U.S. entered the war on in 1917
  • 10 million people died
  • Treaty of Versailles ended the war and made
    Germany give up territory and pay huge
    reparations (money paid for war damages)
  • New nations were created from some of the
    countries on the losing side (Central Powers)

13
Europe Before and After WWI
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