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Chapter 12: The World War I Era

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Chapter 12: The World War I Era IV. Americans on the Home Front Bell Ringer What does home front mean? Why could life not continue normally while the nations was ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 12: The World War I Era


1
Chapter 12 The World War I Era
  • IV. Americans on the Home Front

2
Bell Ringer
  • What does home front mean?
  • Why could life not continue normally while the
    nations was involved in a war overseas?
  • WWI allowed women to join the paid work force,
    how might this have affected US families?
  • How might it have changed the women?

3
Objectives
  • Learn about the steps the government took to
    finance the war and manage the economy.
  • Describe how the government enforced loyalty to
    the war effort.
  • Find out how the war changed the lives of
    Americans on the home front.

4
Setting the Scene
  • Page 432

5
A) Financing the War
  • Liberty Bonds special war bonds to support the
    Allied cause. redeemed later for more money.
  • Raised 20 million
  • Scouts sold them, four-minute men, and actors.
  • Buying bonds was patriotic!

6
B) Managing the Economy
  • Government created a bureaucracy, dollar-a-year
    men to manage war production.
  • War Industries Board told who to build what and
    fixed prices
  • Samuel Gompers promised no strikes in war
    factories
  • Price control Food Administration determined
    prices on sale of food
  • Rationing distributing goods to consumers in a
    fixed amount
  • Daylight saving time shifting time so more
    daylight hours during work time save energy
  • Food Administration promoted voluntary restraint
    garden (meatless, wheat-less, sweet-less)

7
C) Enforcing Loyalty
  • Committee on Public Information job was to
    rally popular support for the war
  • Banned movies and novels, censored the news, and
    used propaganda
  • Fear of foreigners restricted immigration,
    alert for sabotage, literacy test on immigrants
    nativism grew
  • Hate the Hun HS stopped teaching German and
    playing music, lynched a person in ST. Louis
    page 435

8
  • Repression of Civil Liberties promoted liberty
    and democracy and at same time passed the
    Espionage Act
  • Illegal to obstruct sale of bonds and discuss
    disloyal, profane, scurrilous, or abusive ideas
    about US (Sedition act) (Schenck)
  • Sedition any speech or action that encourages
    rebellion
  • Controlling Political Radicals socialists
    argued war between capitalists workers not
    bother lynched and horsewhipped
  • 23) vigilantes citizens who take the law into
    their own hands

9
D) Changing Peoples Lives
  • Militaristic styles became acceptable
  • Scouting uniforms marching
  • Schools did military drill
  • No immigrants or young men women joined the
    work force 400,000
  • Great Migration 500,000 African Americans moved
    north to work in factories

10
Review
  • What steps did the government take to finance the
    war and manage the economy?
  • How did the government enforce loyalty to the war
    effort?
  • How did the war change the lives of Americans on
    the home front?
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