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World War II

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World War II Germany after WWI and the Rise of Hitler – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: World War II


1
World War II
  • Germany after WWI and the Rise of Hitler

2
How did Hitler Rise to Power?
3
  • In 1919 Hitler joins a small political party
    called the Nazi Party
  • He eventually becomes the leader of the party and
    begins to run it on his own ideals and beliefs.
  • In a socially and economically devastated and
    embarrassed Germany, Hitler and his Nazi party
    begin to offer promises of world leadership, work
    for Germans, and the land lost in WWI.
  • He enticed followers by creating a mystique
    around himself. People were interested in what he
    said over the radio and through the papers mostly
    because they had no idea who this person sending
    powerful messages and promises was!

4
Hitler's Rise to Power

5
Why were Germans so eager to follow and believe
Hitler?
  1. The Treaty of Versailles
  2. Germanys Economic Problems Inflation
  3. Depression and Unemployment
  4. Political Instability

6
1. The Treaty of Versailles
  • The treaty declared that Germany
  • Was to blame for WWI
  • Will pay for the damages to war-torn countries
    (todays conversion would be about 30 billion)
  • Will decrease their military to 100 000.
  • Will give back land occupied in WWI.
  • Many world leaders worried that Germany would
    want revenge for all of the terms of the treaty
  • Germany felt the economic hardships with the
    large national debt especially during the Great
    Depression.
  • Germany wanted vengeance!

7
2. Economic Problems
  • To finance the war Germany borrowed a lot of
    money this led to huge debt.
  • Germany began printing more money. Most of the
    money went to paying off debts not into the
    economy. The value of the money wasnt supported
    with real economic value this caused severe
    inflation.
  • Example By 1923 it took 50 000 marks to
  • buy 1 American dollar.
  • Wages were carried home in wheelbarrows.

8
3. Depression and Unemployment
  • After the stock market crash and the beginning of
    the Great Depression, the U.S. couldnt afford to
    purchase German goods or lend money to Germany to
    pay off debts.
  • Much like in Canada and the U.S., German
    businesses closed and people lost their jobs.
  • Hitler saw his chance! The current government
    wasnt doing enough for the people. He reached
    out and manipulated people when they were at
    their lowest

9
Dont Copy
  • To Germans who were bitter about inflation and
    economic troubles, Hitler and the Nazi party
    said
  • Believe me, our misery will increase! The
    government itself is the biggest swindler and
    crook. People are starving on millions of marks!
    We will no longer submit! We want a dictatorship!

10
4. Political Instability
  • German political system weak and wasnt helping
    the citizens or economy
  • Out of more than a dozen weak political parties,
    3 main political parties were
  • Communists, Social Democrats and National
    Socialists (Nazis)
  • No party could win a majority government.

11
  • As conditions in Germany worsened, people were
    willing to listen to extremist voices of the
    Nazis
  • Government should be run by the military and the
    wealthy
  • Industry should be privately owned
  • Democratic government should be outlawed
  • Activities of foreigners and Jews should be
    severely restricted (due to the belief that they
    were the cause of economic problems)

12
  • In 1933, Hitler and the Nazis gained power in
    Germany and were now the head political party
  • His messages and belief that Aryans (Caucasians
    that were not of Jewish decent and pure Germans
    in particular) were the master race were widely
    followed by Germans.
  • Hitler was able to convince Germans that Jews
    were the cause of Germanys defeat in WWI and the
    cause of the economic devastation in the county.
  • There was little truth to back these claims, but
    Hitler was able to convince Germans to despise
    the Jewish.
  • Hatred of the Jews is called anti-Semitism

13
Hitlers Anti-Semitism
14
Hitler's Rise to Power

15
Once in power, Hitler
  • Banned Jews from government jobs, banking jobs,
    broadcasting, news and entertainment.
  • Jews were banned from stores and had their homes
    and property taken away.
  • 1935 Nuremberg Laws passed.
  • Laws took away the citizenship and civil rights
    of all Jews in Germany
  • Illegal for Jews to marry non-Jews
  • Could not go to school, own public land,
    associate with non Jews, or go to public German
    areas. (Libraries, bank, park, museums)
  • Many Jews tried to escape Germany at this time.

16
Albert Einstein escapes Nazi Germany
17
  • Hitler rounded up Jews and put them in Ghettos
    and concentration camps.
  • Concentration camps were prison camps where Jews
    and all other political prisoners were forced
    into slave labour
  • The German SS (secret police) were able to watch
    the Jews and make sure they werent mingling with
    the German population.
  • Blacks, Romas, people with mental disabilities
    were also put into concentration camps.

18
  • Kristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass)
  • 1938 young Polish Jew shot German official
  • 7000 Jewish shops were looted by Germans
  • 20 000 Jews were arrested
  • The men were also ordered to arrest as many Jews
    as the local jails would hold
  • Expulsion of Polish Jews
  • More than 12,000 Polish-born Jews were expelled
    from Germany on Hitler's orders.
  • They were ordered to leave their homes in a
    single night, and were only allowed one suitcase
    per person to store their belongings.
  • As the Jews were taken away, their remaining
    possessions were seized by both the Nazi
    authorities and by their neighbors.

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MAUSA Survivors Tail
  • -Biography presented as a graphic novel
  • -Recounts the struggle of Spiegelman's father to
    survive the Holocaust as a Polish Jew and draws
    largely on his recollections of his experiences.
  • -All people are presented as anthropomorphic
    animals.
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