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Ancient Israel

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Ancient Israel The Arab Israeli Conflict. This war has been going on for thousands of years Its roots lie in competition for land, property, spiritual rights ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient Israel


1
Ancient Israel
2
The Arab Israeli Conflict.
  • This war has been going on for thousands of
    years
  • Its roots lie in competition for land, property,
    spiritual rights, attention, proof of cultural
    superiority etc.
  • It is enshrined in essence in a Bible legend..

3
Historical Overview
  • Ancient Israel is the birthplace of the 3 great
    monotheistic religions of the world Judaism,
    Christianity and Islam
  • Ancient Israel dates back approximately 4000
    years to the books of the Old Testament
  • Great patriarchs of Judaism Abraham, Jacob,
    Moses, Joshua
  • Hebrews, Israelites, Jews, Semites have all
    undergone persecution throughout history from
    Babylonian Captivity, Exodus, Diaspora, Spanish
    Inquisition, Holocaust

4
What is in a name?
  • Hebrew means From across- name given to Abraham
    and his followers
  • Israelites Abrahams grandson Jacob renamed
    Israel which means he who has wrestled with
    God. His descendants were called Israelites
  • Jews named after Jacobs son Judah, ancient
    father of tribe of King Davids dynasty

5
Tracing Roots of Israels History
  • Nomadic tribes wandered into Palestine from east
    in approximately 1900 BCE
  • Mesopotamian society dominated by polytheism
  • God (Yahweh) appeared before Patriarch Abraham
    and told Abraham to go and raise a great nation
  • This began the monotheistic tradition of the
    Hebrew faith with the establishment of the
    Covenant, Chosen People and Promised Land
  • Abraham settled in Canaan
  • Story Sacrifice of Abraham

6
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7
Jacob (grandson of Abraham)
  • Abrahams grandson Jacob took name Israel which
    means God ruled and organized Israelites into
    12 tribes
  • Some tribes settled in Egypt (due to drought and
    famine) and where subjected to Pharaoh rule and
    slavery

8
The story of Abram
  • Abram Exalted father lived in Iraq.
  • He had a vision from God that he should move and
    create a great nation of people.
  • Abram left home and walked into history along
    with maybe a 1,000 followers.

9
  • Abram undertook a huge journey across the Middle
    East from modern day Iraq to Israel. The names
    were different then, with the land being called
    Mesopotamia.
  • He travelled far and wide.
  • He fought off hostile peoples.

10
  • Abram was puzzled. God had said he would father a
    nation but he was childless. His wife-Sarai- was
    75! How was Gods Will to happen?
  • Sarai suggested that Abram had a child with
    another woman. This arrangement was allowed by
    law in cases where a couple were childless. The
    child would be treated as their own.
  • Abram selected Hagar, their Egyptian maid. The
    resulting child was called Ishmael and was heir
    to Abram.
  • Abram was now told by God to change his name to
    Abraham father of a multitude.

11
  • At this point the unbelievable happened and Sarai
    herself fell pregnant!
  • The resulting child was called Isaac. Sarai
    changed her name to Sarah.
  • There was now a conflict of inheritance. Sarah
    was determined on Isaac being the true heir.
  • Sarah persuaded Abraham to abandon Hagar and
    Ishmael in the desert to die of thirst.
  • Isaac married Rebekah and one of his children was
    called Jacob. Jacob later became known as
    Israel and the people after him became known as
    Israelis.

12
Hagar and Ishmael did not die in the desert
however. Hagar was visited by an angel after
running frantically to find water. The angel
showed her a well and they both survived.
Ishmael is regarded as the Father of the Arab
nations.Muslims call Abraham Ibrahim.
13
  • Hagars searching in the desert is commemorated
    in the Muslim Hajj where pilgrims walk up and
    down a huge corridor between the great Mosque and
    the well at Zamzam.
  • The great corridor where, even today, Muslim
    pilgrims re-enact Hagars frantic search for
    water.

14
Abraham
The Same Father!!!
Abraham
Hagar-Egyptian
Sarah-Hebrew
  • Isaac-Hebrew Ishmael-Arab
  • Mosses- 1st Covenant-Ten Commandments Mohammad
  • Old Testament-Torah Quran
  • Jews-Judaism Islam
  • Yahweh Allah
  • Jesus (Jew)-2nd Covenant
  • The Apostles
  • Old and New Testament
  • G-d

15
Judaism
  • Judaism predates Christianity it is the
    foundation of Christianity but is not a part of
    it
  • Jesus was Jewish, as were his followers and the
    Apostles
  • Jews do not believe that Jesus was anything more
    than a good and wise man who lived and died 2000
    years ago Jews still await their messiah
  • The Jewish messiah would not be divine. He would
    be a political figure who restores the Hebrew
    monarchy and causes peace to reign on Earth
  • Jews are not concerned about salvation and the
    world to come

16
Moses
  • An illustrated story of Moses

17
Moses Exodus Let My People Go!
  • Moses received revelations from God burning
    bush, rod / staff, 10 plagues, parting of the Red
    Sea
  • End of 13th century BCE- Moses led the Israelites
    out of bondage in Egypt during Ramses II reign
    called the EXODUS
  • Moses led the 12 Tribes of Israel to Mount Sinai
    where Yahweh gave him the 10 Commandments,
    uniting the Hebrews under one God
  • Moses and Hebrews searched for the Promised
    Land or the land of milk and honey, however they
    wandered in the desert for 40 years

18
Understanding Datelines
  • OLD WAY-BC (before Christ) and AD (Anno Domini
    in the Year of Our Lord)
  • NEW WAY-BCE (Before the Common Era) and CE
    (Common Era).

19
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20
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21
Kings of Israel
  • 1230 BCE, Israelites guided by Joshua, invaded
    Canaan (Promised Land)
  • 1020 BCE first king of Israelites was Saul,
    then David, then Solomon
  • Under King David the Israelites captured city of
    Jerusalem
  • King Solomon built the Temple of Jerusalem, to
    house the Arc of the Covenant (sacred box to hold
    Torah)
  • Solomons Temple was destroyed during Babylonian
    invasion, rebuilt in 6th century BCE, and
    destroyed again in 70 CE by the Romans
  • Only remaining part of Solomons Temple is the
    Western Wall

22
Lost Tribes of Israel
  • After the death of Solomon, Kingdom of Israel
    split into two (north Israel south Judah)
  • Israel was conquered by Assyrians in 722 BCE and
    the scattered people were known as the Lost
    Tribes of Israel
  • Judah was eventually destroyed by Babylon in 586
    BCE and inhabitants were held in captivity
    (called the Exile or Babylonian Captivity)
  • Emergence of synagogues and rabbis during Exile
  • Released by Persians in 538 BCE and returned to
    Jerusalem to rebuild temple

23
Diaspora
  • Diaspora is a Greek word meaning sowing of seed
    or dispersal which refers to Jewish population
    living outside of Israel
  • In 332 BCE, Jewish people in fell under
    Hellenization (Greek culture) as Alexander the
    Great conquered Persia, Egypt and India
  • 164 BCE, group of Jews called the Maccabees
    revolted against Greek rule, took control of
    Jerusalem and rededicated the Temple to God
    (Hanukkah)
  • 64 BCE, Jerusalem fell to Romans and the Kingdom
    of Judah became one of the provinces of the Roman
    Empire (Judea). The people living there were
    called Judeans, and it is from this word that we
    get the word Jew
  • In 66 CE the people of Judea revolted against
    Rome. This uprising was crushed and the temple
    was destroyed for a second time in 70 CE
  • Despite the dispersion of Jewish people
    throughout Europe after 70 CE, their culture and
    religious beliefs have been by far the most
    influential of all the ancient cultures of the
    Near East

24
Impact of Ancient Israel
  • Covenant formal agreement between Hebrews and
    God (Yahweh) Hebrews worshipped God and only
    God, and in return, they would be Gods Chosen
    People and given Canaan as the Promised Land
  • Spiritual ideas profoundly influenced Western
    culture, morality, ethics and conduct
  • Three of the worlds most dominant religions
    Judaism, Christianity and Islam all derive their
    roots from the spiritual beliefs of the Ancient
    Israelites

25
Hanukkah
  • Festival of Lights, is an eight-day Jewish
    holiday commemorating the rededication of the
    Holy Temple in Jerusalem at the time of the
    Maccabean Revolt of the 2nd century BCE. Hanukkah
    is observed for eight nights, and may occur from
    late November to late December on the Gregorian
    calendar. According to the Talmud, at the
    re-dedication following the victory of the
    Maccabees over the Seleucid Empire, there was
    only enough consecrated olive oil to fuel the
    eternal flame in the Temple for one day.
    Miraculously, the oil burned for eight days,
    which was the length of time it took to press,
    prepare and consecrate fresh olive oil.
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