Ancient History - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

1 / 53
About This Presentation
Title:

Ancient History

Description:

Ancient History The Fall of Egypt Group of Asians called Hyksos came with chariots and took over the Egyptian Civilization. Egyptian Empire Pharaohs overthrew the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:217
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 54
Provided by: SISD94
Category:

less

Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Ancient History


1
Ancient History
2
Early History
  • Scientists
  • Archaeologists- scientists who dig for artifacts
    and traces of early settlements
  • Artifacts are human-made objects
  • Anthropologists- scientists who study peoples
    cultural behavior
  • Culture-peoples unique way of life including
    customs, family life, and social relationships

3
Early History
  • Those who could walk upright are called hominids
  • Prehistory is the time before the development of
    writing

4
Early History
  • Origin of man is Africa and man migrated out

5
Early History
  • The next evolution of hominids?
  • Bones found in Neander Valley in Germany
    Neanderthals

6
Early History
  • The next version?
  • Cro-Magnon
  • Closely resemble us
  • The common picture for the cave man

7
RECIPES
  • R-Religion (how people relate to the unknown)
  • E-Economic (how people made a living)
  • C-Cultural (how people express themselves using
    painting, sculptures, music, dance, theater, and
    literature)
  • I-Intellectual (how people think or what they
    invent in science, math, philosophy, or tech)
  • P-Political (how people are governed)
  • E-Environmental (physical places where people are
  • S-Social (how people organize in society)

8
Early History
  • Paleolithic Age (Early Stone Age)- mastered fire,
    development of language, created art and invented
    stone tools
  • No Civilization started because people were just
    trying to survive

9
Early History
  • People who move place to place to search for food
    Nomads
  • They were hunter-gatherers
  • Males hunted
  • Females gathered
  • Small groups and small bodies

10
Cave Paintings
  • The first works of art

11
Early History
  • Neolithic Age
  • During the Neolithic Revolution, people developed
    agriculture
  • Agriculture was developed at the different times
    in different parts of the world
  • Plow invented
  • Wheel invented

12
Early History
  • Agriculture will lead to development of villages
  • Why?

13
Early History
  • All early civilizations developed in river
    valleys

14
Early History
  • Civilization Characteristics
  • Advanced cities
  • Specialized workers
  • Complex institutions
  • Record keeping
  • Advanced technology

15
Early History
  • Cultural Diffusion Borrowing or exchanging of
    goods and ideas between peoples

16
Sumer
  • Oldest civilization developed in the Fertile
    Crescent between 2 rivers Tigris and Euphrates
  • Between 2 rivers is called Mesopotamia

17
Sumer
  • Governed by theocracy (led by religious leaders
    or a divine leader)
  • Barter- exchange goods for other goods
  • Sumer started Bronze Age.

18
Sumer
  • Pyramid shaped temples of Sumer society -
    Ziggurat
  • Compare to a pyramid.

19
Sumerians later
  • Created irrigation-bringing of water to crops by
    using canals and ditches
  • City State was formed where a city controls the
    area around the city
  • Kings started dynasties (kids inherit)

20
Writing
  • Sumer developed the first writing system called
    cuneiform
  • Created Gilgamesh hero of the worlds oldest epic

21
Sumers Religion
  • Polytheistic- believed in many gods
  • Enlil most powerful (sky and cloud god)
  • Wicked Udugs (lowest gods)
  • Believed in roughly of 3000 gods

22
Sumer Culture
  • Agriculture economy
  • Windowless box houses
  • Can move up in society
  • Slaves (prisoners of war or children sold to pay
    debts) can work to become free
  • Women could own property and join lower ranks of
    priesthood, but most were uneducated
  • Invented number system with a base of 60

23
Art of Sumer
24
Sargon of Akkad
  • Created worlds first empire (many different
    people, cultures, and nations under one ruler)

25
Akkad
  • Borrower Empire-takes over a country and adopts
    their culture

26
Code of Hammurabi
  • Hammurabi was king of Babylon
  • First written code of laws
  • The principal was eye for an eye

27
Egypt
  • Civilization started on the Nile River

28
Egypt continued
  • Menes unites upper and lower Egypt and started
    the Old Kingdom
  • Egypt was ruled by pharaohs (god-kings). They led
    the religion and government.
  • Pyramids built as a tomb for the dead pharaohs

29
(No Transcript)
30
Egyptian Culture
  • Polytheistic
  • More than 2000 gods
  • High God is Ra
  • Death God is Osiris and his wife Issis
  • Egyptians could move up in society
  • Slavery was used
  • Women were almost equal
  • Could own property
  • Could divorce and receive 1/3 of property

31
Mummies
  • Pull brain out of nostrils with iron hook
  • With sharp stone they would cut you on the side
    and take out your bowels
  • They would remove your organs and put them in
    jars
  • Fill you up with spices and perfume and sew you
    up.
  • Leave you in a preserver for 70 days then wrap you

32
Writing
  • Egyptians used hieroglyphics where pictures were
    used to show ideas and sound

33
Rosetta Stone
  • The way to read hieroglyphics was lost for 1000s
    of years until Napoleon found the Rosetta Stone
    which allowed us to decipher the pictures

34
The Fall of Egypt
  • Group of Asians called Hyksos came with chariots
    and took over the Egyptian Civilization.

35
Egyptian Empire
  • Pharaohs overthrew the Hyksos
  • The New Kingdom (rulers after the Hyksos) started
    to expand Egypt

36
Great Egyptian Pharaohs
  • Hatshepsut First Women ruler
  • Thutmose III expanded Egypt through war
  • Others
  • Nefertiti (Rachel Wiez in the Mummy)
  • Akenaton (monotheistic ruler)
  • King Tut (grave untouched)

37
Ramses II
  • Ramses II was the last great pharaoh

38
Egypt Declines
  • Unknown group called People of the Sea attacked
    Egypt and the Hittites weakening them further
  • Egypt eventually faded

39
Kush
  • Area around Nubia
  • The New Kingdom pharaohs of Egypt conquered Kush
  • After Ramses II, Kush conquered Egypt

40
Kush contined
  • Kush was a borrower empire
  • Piankhi was the greatest of Kush pharaohs

41
Kush move
  • Arrival of the Assyrians forced the Kushites to
    flee to Meroe and started a trading empire there

42
Phoenicia
  • Great seafarers of the Mediterranean that
    founded many city-states like Byblos, Tyre,
    Sidon, and Carthage

43
Phoenicia Alphabet
  • Most famous for their alphabet
  • Trading in all ports of the Mediterranean, they
    spread the use of their alphabet to the ancient
    world

44
Lydia
  • Invented money

45
Assyria
  • With a large and organized military, Assyria
    conquered the Fertile Crescent and Egypt

46
Assyria
  • Destroyer Empire- They destroyed all cultures of
    other peoples
  • Its capital was Nineveh
  • Under Assyrian king Ashurbanipal, Nineveh had the
    largest library in the world

47
Fall of Assyria
  • Combined army attacked Assyria and burned down
    Nineveh
  • The fire glazed the tablets, so they were
    preserved for archaeologists to find

48
New Babylon Empire
  • Nebuchadnezzar restored the city
  • The Hanging Gardens of Babylon is one of the
    seven wonders of the world

49
(No Transcript)
50
(No Transcript)
51
(No Transcript)
52
Persia
  • Cyrus created the Persian Empire

53
Persia continued
  • Cyrus had a different way of governing
  • He was kind and tolerant
  • Very little looting or burning of conquered
    cities
  • Honoring local customs and religions

54
After Cyrus
  • Eventually, Darius would take over and enlarge
    the Persian Empire

55
Government
  • Darius divided Empire into 20 provinces
  • A satrap, governor, would rule a province under
    Darius
  • Darius sent out inspectors (Kings Eyes and Ears)
    to watch the satraps

56
Royal Road
  • An excellent road system was built
  • The Royal Road was the longest and help unite the
    Empire

57
Persian Religion
  • Zoroaster created a religion called
    Zoroastrianism
  • Gods of good and evil fight for a persons soul
  • All souls would be judged on which side they chose

58
Judaism
  • God chose Abraham to be the father of the Hebrew
    people and he made a covenant with him
  • The Hebrews God was called Yahweh and they
    believed in him only Monotheistic

59
Judaism
  • The Hebrews migrated to Egypt where they were
    enslaved
  • Moses led the Exodus out of Egypt

60
Judaism
  • After much fighting, only one large tribe left
    (Judahcalled Jews)
  • The Hebrews united under 3 kings to form Israel
  • Saul (first king)
  • David (beat Goliath and great warrior)
  • Solomon (greatest of all Israeli kings)

61
Judaism
  • After Solomon, the kingdom divides into 2
  • Israel in the North
  • Judah in the South

62
Judaism
  • Assyria conquers Israel
  • New Babylon under Nebuchadnezzar destroys Judah
  • Destroyed the Temple
  • Cyrus of Persia allowed the Hebrews to return and
    rebuild the Temple

63
Writings of the Hebrews
  • Torah-first five books of the Old Testament
  • Ten Commandments- laws handed to Moses

64
Traditional Economic Systems
  • Reliance of labor of the entire family, with
    distinct economic roles for each
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
About PowerShow.com