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The Ancient Hebrews and the Origins of Judaism

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Title: The Ancient Hebrews and the Origins of Judaism


1
The Ancient Hebrews and the Origins of Judaism
  • I can explain the origins of Judaism and
    important figures of the Ancient Hebrews.

2
Jewish Population
  • World- 14 Million
  • U.S- 3 Million

3
The Torah
  • The Torah is a written explanation of the ancient
    Hebrews beliefs.

4
The Torah
  • Christians refer to the Jewish Bible as the Old
    Testament.

5
Abraham- Father of the Hebrews
  • According to Jewish belief, God promised Abram he
    would have many descendant.
  • God signified this promised by changing Abrams
    name to Abraham.

6
Abraham- Father of the Hebrews
  • Abram was born in Ur (Mesopotamia/Iraq.)
  • The people of Ur worshiped many gods.
  • Abram believed there was only one true God
    (monotheism).

7
Abraham Father of the Hebrews
  • Abram gathered his many relatives and went west
    into the land of Canaan.
  • Canaan became the Promise Land.

8
Abraham Father of the Hebrews
  • The Torah says that one day God tested Abraham by
    telling him to make a sacrifice of his son Isaac.
  • According to the Torah God said, I will make
    your descendants as many as the stars of heaven.

9
Abraham- Father of the Hebrews
  • The Hebrew nation was made up of 12 tribes that
    were descended from Abrahams grandson, Jacob,
    whom an angel from God had named Israel.

10
Abrahams Contributions
  • 1. He was the ancestor of the Jewish people
    (Israel.)
  • He introduced the belief in a single God
    (monotheism.)

11
Moses- Leader Prophet
  • The Torah calls the flight from Egypt the Exodus.
  • The word exodus means departure.

12
Moses- Leader Prophet
  • After leaving Egypt, the Torah says, the Hebrews
    wandered through a wilderness for 40 years.

13
Moses- Leader Prophet
  • Moses received the Ten Commandments on Mount
    Sinai, the Mountain of God.

14
Moses- Leader Prophet
  • Ark of the Covenant- the chest containing the Ten
    Commandments, that the Hebrews carried w/them
    during their wanderings in the wilderness.

15
Moses- Contributions
  • 1. led the Exodus out of Egypt (Passover.)
  • 2. gave Judaism its fundamental laws, Ten
    Commandments.
  • 3. united Hebrews into united people devoted to
    one God.

16
Kings of Israel
  • King David unified Israel and Judah.

17
Kings of Israel
  • King David provide the Jewish people with a
    strong central government

18
Kings of Israel
  • David chose the city of Jerusalem for his
    capital.
  • Jerusalem- Holy City

19
Destruction of Jerusalem
  • In 586 BCE the city was captured and destroyed by
    the Babylonians King Nebuchadnezza. The Jewish
    people were taken into exile.
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