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Ancient Egyptians

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Ancient Egyptians By: Robin, Bridgette, Arya, and Carter * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Introduction Birthplace of 1 of the world s 1st civilizations Arouse ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient Egyptians


1
Ancient Egyptians
  • By Robin, Bridgette, Arya, and Carter

2
Introduction
  • Birthplace of 1 of the worlds 1st civilizations
  • Arouse 5,000 years ago
  • Ruled from 3,000 B.C.- 30 A.D.
  • Advanced in arithmetic, had a 365 day calendar,
    and established the 1st national government

3
Geography
  • Developed along the Nile River Valley
  • Divided into upper and lower Egypt
  • Upper South
  • Lower North
  • Area around Nile current Israel

4
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5
Food, clothing, and shelter
  • Food
  • Bread major part of diet
  • Beer was a popular beverage
  • Other foods
  • Vegetables, fruit, cheese, milk, butter, and duck
    and goose meat
  • Food of the rich
  • Other meat (beef, gazelle, and antelope)
  • Ate with fingers

6
  • Medicine
  •  only cure is to keep clean and stay away from
    illnesses
  • Herbs
  • opium, cannabis, myrrh, frankincense, fennel,
    cassia, senna, thyme, henna, juniper, aloe,
    linseed and castor oil
  • Garlic found in tombs and burial sites
  • Clothing
  • Jewelry
  • Necklaces, bracelets, and rings
  • Cosmetics
  • red lip powder
  • dyed hair

7
  • painted fingernail
  • outlined their eyes
  • Men wore just as much make up as women
  • Hair styling
  • Matted and tangled hair
  • Royalty were bald and wore wigs and large crowns
  • Clothing
  • Wore light clothes due to heat
  • Cloth made from plant fibers
  • Royalty- silk and feathers

8
  • Houses
  • Built out of bricks and dried mud
  • City- narrow buildings w/ 3 floors
  • Poor Egyptian
  • Small huts
  • 1-3 rooms
  • Typical Egyptian
  • 2-3 story house
  • Several rooms
  • Wealthy Egyptian
  • Up to 70 rooms
  • Large estates w/ pools, orchards, gardens, etc.
  • Furniture
  • Stools, chairs, oil lamps, beds, and chests

9
Family life
  • Marriage
  • Civil marriage
  • Had marriage contracts
  • Main point was to get money and property
  • Family Life
  • Head of family- father
  • If father died oldest son took over
  • Women had many rights
  • could own and inherit property, buy and sell
    goods, and make a will.
  • Wife could get divorced

10
Leisure and Travel
  • Transportation
  • boats or ships
  • handy because of location along the Nile
  • made boats that were shaped like a canoe
  • for the shallower parts of the Nile
  • Leisure time
  • Played mostly board games and sports
  • Wealthy- bidding and betting games

11
Education and Writing
  • Writing
  • Hieroglyphics
  • form of writing where picture symbols are used
    instead of words
  • are usually used to refer to Ancient Egyptians.
  • borrowed the idea from Mesopotamia
  • Egyptian hieroglyphics generally included about
    800 symbols.
  • Papyrus
  • A type of paper
  • 1st use around 4000 B.C.
  • very important
  • helped transform Egyptian society

12
Education and Writing continued
  • Schooling
  • Not many boys/girls went to school
  • Mostly rich people to become scribes
  • if they didnt want to become scribes
  • be an apprentice and learn from people that did
    their future job

13
Potters and Farming
  • Potters
  • Hired by royal family
  • Pottery
  • Important product
  • Used to cook, store, and serve food
  • Farming
  • Workers
  • Got crops as pay

14
  • Crops
  • Main- wheat and barely
  • Beans, onions, figs, lettuce, dates, grapes,
    melons, and cucumbers
  • Animals
  • Raised- beef cattle, goats, ducks, sheep, geese,
    donkeys, and even bees

15
The Arts
  • Music
  • God of Music- Thoth
  • Sang religious songs
  • Invented Ney (flute) and Oudh (like a guitar)
  • Art
  • Told stories
  • Architectural features

16
  • Festivals
  • Large feasts
  • Celebrated gods

17
Social classes and slavery
  • Social Classes
  • Different families, different expectations
  • Ruling elite at top
  • Farm laborers at bottom
  • Slavery
  • Slaves
  • Worked all day and all night
  • Got little or no pay
  • Built pyramids and worked on farms

18
Trade
19
Weapons and Hunting
  • Weapons
  • didnt have very many
  • Made out of metal and wood
  • threw sticks at birds in hopes that it hit them
    right
  • threw spears and shot arrows
  • nets used for capturing fish and some types of
    birds

20
Mummies and Cats
  • Mummies
  • Preserved dead
  • Believed in an afterlife
  • Cats
  • Known as Miw
  • Kept down Vermis Bast

21
Pyramids and the Great Sphinx
  • Pyramids
  • Built from 2650- 1800 B.C. by slaves
  • Tombs for pharaohs
  • Built entirely from stone
  • Giza Pyramids
  • Pyramid of the pharaoh Khufu- largest of 3 Great
    Pyramids
  • Took 20 years to build
  • Built out of limestone

22
  • The Sphinx
  • Has lions head and mans body
  • Appears to be guarding pyramid of Khufu

23
The Rosetta Stone and Re
  • Rosetta Stone
  • Tablet w/ hieroglyphics
  • Key to translating language of ancient Egypt
  • Re
  • All powerful god

24
Eye of Horus and the Valley of the Kings
  • Valley of Kings
  • Rocky gorge that was a cemetery for kings
  • Ramesses, Menkeptah, Seti, Tuthnosis, etc.
  • Eye of Horus
  • Represented with 6 parts corresponding to the six
    senses.
  • senses are in the order of their importance.

25
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