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Ancient Rome

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Ancient Rome The Rise of Christianity 11/30 Focus: A new religion called Christianity developed within the Roman Empire and gradually spread throughout the Roman ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient Rome


1
Ancient Rome
  • The Rise of Christianity

2
  • 11/30 Focus
  • A new religion called Christianity developed
    within the Roman Empire and gradually spread
    throughout the Roman world
  • Do Now
  • Identify one characteristic of the Pax Romana

3
Hebrews
  • Nomadic tribe that lived in the Fertile Crescent
  • Spent a period time enslaved in Egypt
  • Exodus Moses leads the Jewish people out of
    slavery into the land of Canaan
  • Establish the kingdom of Israel with Jerusalem as
    the capital
  • Belief systems evolve into Judaism

4
Judaism
  • Monotheistic religion
  • Belief in one God
  • all knowing, all powerful, and omnipresent God

5
Sacred Texts of Judaism
  • Torah
  • Contain the beliefs and laws of Judaism
  • Found in the Old Testament of the Bible
  • 10 Commandments
  • Laws which tell people how they should behave
    towards each other and God

6
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7
Christianity
  • Based on the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth
  • Born in the kingdom of Judea
  • Part of Israel
  • Controlled by Rome
  • Studied Judaism as a youth
  • Jewish prophets had been predicting the coming of
    the Messiah
  • A savior sent by God

8
The Teachings of Jesus
  • Jesus began to travel through Judea
  • teaches new beliefs
  • mercy and sympathy for the poor and helpless
  • Brotherhood and equality for all people
  • People should seek forgiveness from God for their
    sins
  • Following his teachings would bring salvation and
    eternal life
  • says he was the son of God
  • Followers believed he was the Messiah
  • Messiah means savior sent by God

9
Death of Jesus
  • Authorities believed the teachings of Jesus and
    his growing popularity would cause political
    uprisings
  • Jesus is arrested by the Romans and executed by
    crucifixion
  • Christians believe that Jesus rose from the dead
    and ascended into heaven

10
Sacred Texts
  • The Christian Bible
  • Old testament
  • Hebrew Scriptures
  • New Testament
  • Teachings of Jesus (Gospels)
  • Letters from early Christians explaining the
    teachings of Jesus

11
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12
Spread of Christianity
  • Followers of Jesus worked to spread his teachings
    after his death
  • Paul of Tarsus
  • Converted to Christianity after opposing it as a
    young man
  • Worked to spread Christian teachings through the
    Roman Empire
  • message of love and better life after death
    attracted the poor and oppressed

13

14
Persecution
  • Romans saw the spread of Christianity as a threat
    to Rome
  • Began passing anti-Christian laws and persecution
    of Christians
  • Martyrs
  • People who die for their faith and inspire others
    to believe
  • Christian church continued to spread despite
    persecutions

15
Roman Approval
  • Emperor Constantine converts to Christianity
  • The Edict of Milan 313 AD
  • Allowed freedom of worship in the Roman Empire
  • Religious Toleration
  • Emperor Theodosius makes Christianity the
    official of the Roman Empire

16
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17
Closure
  • Explain the difference between Polytheism and
    monotheism.
  • Identify the role Paul played in the
    establishment of the early Christian church.
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