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The Ancient Hebrews

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... Hebrews, settled in Palestine or Canaan ... They live in communities, ... Hebrews were nomads who lived in the Fertile Crescent ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Ancient Hebrews


1
Judaism
Mrs. Agosta, Mrs. Hassett and Ms. Pojer
2
I. History
  • Judaism is the first monotheistic religion
  • Yahweh is the Hebrew name for God.

3
  • Hebrews were nomads who lived in the Fertile
    Crescent (the birthplace of monotheism)

4
  • Hebrews, settled in Palestine or Canaan (the
    Promised Land)

5
Other Names for Jews
  • Hebrews
  • Israelites

6
DONT WRITE
  • In 930 BCE, the Kingdom split
  • North - Israel
  • South - Judah
  • Israel was invaded and the Hebrews lived under
    foreign rule

7
  • Diaspora- When a group of people are forced off
    their land.
  • Jews had to leave Palestine and were scattered.
  • They kept their beliefs and later influenced
    Christianity and Islam

8
II. Beliefs
  • Monotheism- believe in one true God
  • Jews are Gods Chosen people- God made a covenant
    (binding agreement) with Abraham

9
  • Sacred Text
  • Torah
  • - First 5 books of the Old Testament

10
  • Ten Commandments- laws that God gave to the
    Hebrews through Moses

11
  • Prophets- spiritual leaders that preached ethics
    (moral living)
  • Ex Abraham, Moses

Moses and the Burning Bush
12
  • Place of Worship Synagogue or Temple on
    Saturdays (Sabbath)

13
III. Important Leaders
  • Abraham-Patriarch (or father) of Judaism
  • He made a covenant with God

14
Abrahams Geneaology
15
  • Moses- He led the Hebrews out of slavery in Egypt
    to the Promised Land (Canaan). This is called
    the Exodus.

Shepherd of His People
16
  • King David- united the Jewish empire

17
  • King Solomon
  • Davids son
  • Made Jerusalem into an impressive capital

18
  • Deborah- female prophet
  • In most societies, women were subordinate
    (inferior) to men and could not participate in
    some religious ceremonies.

19
Today
  • Israel is Jewish
  • Palestine is Muslim
  • They believe in common holy places in Israel like
    Jerusalem. This has led to constant fighting.

20
Hasidic Jews
  • Strict form of Judaism. They live in
    communities, dont cut their facial hair and wear
    simple clothing.

21
Mount Sinai
22
St. Catherines Monastery at Mount Sinai
23
Recreation of Ancient Jerusalem
24
King Solomons Temple Floor Plan
The First Temple
25
Inside the Temple Tabernacle
The Arc of the Covenant
26
The Temple Mount, Jerusalem Today
Solomons Temple Wall The Wailing Wall
27
Kingdoms of Judah Israel
28
Israelites in Captivity
29
Jerusalem Reading the Torah
30
(No Transcript)
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