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Thinking About Psychology: The Science of Mind and Behavior 2e

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Thinking About Psychology: The Science of Mind and Behavior 2e Charles T. Blair-Broeker Randal M. Ernst – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Thinking About Psychology: The Science of Mind and Behavior 2e


1
Thinking About Psychology The Science of Mind
and Behavior 2e
  • Charles T. Blair-Broeker
  • Randal M. Ernst

2
Variations in Individual and Group Behavior Domain
3
Psychological Disorders Chapter
4
Anxiety and Mood Disorders
  • Module 30

5
Anxiety Disorders
  • Module 30 Anxiety and Mood Disorders

6
Anxiety and Anxiety Disorders
  • Anxiety Vague feeling of apprehension or
    nervousness
  • Anxiety disorder where anxiety begins to take
    control and dominate a persons life

7
Types of Anxiety Disorders
  • Anxiety disorders are divided into
  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder
  • Panic Disorder
  • Phobia
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

8
Anxiety Disorders
9
Anxiety Disorders Generalized Anxiety Disorder
and Panic Disorder
  • Module 30 Anxiety and Mood Disorders

10
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
  • An anxiety disorder characterized by disruptive
    levels of persistent, unexplained feelings of
    apprehension and tenseness

11
Symptoms of Generalized Anxiety
  • Must have at least three of the following
  • Restlessness
  • Feeling on edge
  • Difficulty concentrating/mind going blank
  • Irritability
  • Muscle Tension
  • Sleep Disturbance

12
Panic Disorder
  • An anxiety disorder characterized by sudden bouts
    of intense, unexplained anxiety
  • Often associated with physical symptoms like
    choking sensations or shortness of breath
  • Panic attacks may happen several times a day

13
Anxiety Disorders Phobia
  • Module 30 Anxiety and Mood Disorders

14
Phobia
  • An anxiety disorder characterized by disruptive,
    irrational fears of specific objects or
    situations
  • The fear must be both irrational and disruptive.

15
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16
Social Phobia
  • Phobias which produce fear in social situations
  • Fear of speaking in public

17
Agoraphobia
  • Fear of situations the person views as difficult
    to escape from
  • Fear of leaving ones home or room in the house

18
Phobia
  • Play Three Anxiety Disorders (408) Segment 37
    from Psychology The Human Experience.
  • The segment includes a discussion on Generalized
    Anxiety Disorder.

19
Anxiety Disorders Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
  • Module 30 Anxiety and Mood Disorders

20
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
  • An anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted,
    repetitive thoughts and actions
  • Obsessions repetitive thoughts
  • Compulsions repetitive actions
  • The obsessions/compulsions begin to take control
    of the persons life.

21
(No Transcript)
22
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
  • Play Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (257)
    Segment 36 from Psychology The Human
    Experience.

23
Anxiety Disorders Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
  • Module 30 Anxiety and Mood Disorders

24
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
  • An anxiety disorder characterized by reliving a
    severely upsetting event in unwanted recurring
    memories (flashbacks) and dreams

25
Anxiety Disorders Causes of Anxiety Disorders
  • Module 30 Anxiety and Mood Disorders

26
Biological Factors
  • Hereditary factors may result in a predisposition
    for developing anxiety disorders
  • Brain functions appear to be different in an
    anxiety disorder patient
  • Evolutionary factors may lead to anxiety
    disorders.

27
The Brain and OCD
28
Learning Factors
  • Through classical conditioning people may
    associate fear with an object.
  • Observational learning--watching another
    experiencing fearfulness--may result in
    developing fear.
  • Fear of an object may be reinforced when by
    avoiding the feared objects.

29
Mood Disorders
  • Module 30 Anxiety and Mood Disorders

30
Mood Disorders
  • Classification of disorders where there is a
    disturbance in the persons emotions
  • Major types of mood disorders include
  • Major Depressive Disorder
  • Bipolar Disorder
  • Dysthymic Disorder

31
Mood Disorders
32
Mania
  • Period of abnormally high emotion and activity

33
Depression
  • Extended period of feeling sad, listless, and
    drained of energy

34
Mood Disorders Major Depressive Disorder
  • Module 30 Anxiety and Mood Disorders

35
Major Depressive Disorder
  • A mood disorder in which a person, for no
    apparent reason, experiences at least two weeks
    of
  • depressed moods,
  • diminished interest in activities, and
  • other symptoms, such as feelings of worthlessness

36
Mood Disorders Bipolar Disorder
  • Module 30 Anxiety and Mood Disorders

37
Bipolar Disorder
  • A mood disorder in which the person alternates
    between the hopelessness of depression and the
    overexcited and unreasonably optimistic state of
    mania
  • Formerly called manic-depressive disorder
  • Many times will follow a cyclical pattern

38
Mood Disorders
  • Play Mood Disorders Major Depression and
    Bipolar Disorder (445) Segment 38 from
    Psychology The Human Experience.

39
Mania and Depression
  • Play Mood Disorders Mania and Depression
    (734) Segment 31 from The Mind Psychology
    Teaching Modules (2nd edition).

40
Mood Disorders Causes of Mood Disorders
  • Module 30 Anxiety and Mood Disorders

41
Biological Factors
  • Mood disorders have a hereditary nature to them.
  • Depressed individuals tend to have depressed
    brains.
  • PET scans indicate less activity during periods
    of depression.

42
Biopolar Disorder PET Scans
43
Heredity and Depression
  • Play Mood Disorders Hereditary Factors (611)
    Segment 32 from The Mind Psychology Teaching
    Modules (2nd edition).

44
Social-Cognitive Factors
  • Depression may be a variation of learned
    helplessness.
  • Depressed individuals attribute events using the
    following characteristics
  • Stable the bad situation will last for a long
    time
  • Internal they are at fault
  • Global all of life is bad

45
Attribution and Depression
46
Determination of Mood
47
The End
48
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49
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