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Thinking About Psychology: The Science of Mind and Behavior 2e

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Title: Thinking About Psychology: The Science of Mind and Behavior 2e


1
Thinking About Psychology The Science of Mind
and Behavior 2e
  • Charles T. Blair-Broeker
  • Randal M. Ernst

2
Developmental Domain
3
Life-Span Development Chapter
4
Adolescence
  • Module 15

5
What is Adolescence?
  • Module 15 Adolescence

6
Adolescence
  • Transition period from childhood to adulthood
  • From puberty (the start of sexual maturation) to
    independence

7
Adolescence
8
Physical Development in Adolescence
  • Module 15 Adolescence

9
Puberty
  • The period of sexual maturation where the person
    becomes capable of reproducing
  • Starts at approximately age 11 in females and age
    13 in males
  • Major growth spurt

10
Physical Development
11
Primary Sex Characteristics
  • The body structures that make sexual reproduction
    possible
  • Reproductive organs
  • Ovaries in females
  • Testes in males

12
Secondary Sex Characteristics
  • Nonreproductive sexual characteristics
  • Breasts and hip development in females
  • Voice quality and facial hair in males

13
Sexual Characteristics
14
Sexual Orientation
  • Enduring sexual attraction toward
  • people of the other gender (heterosexuality)
  • Ones own gender (homosexuality)
  • Ones attraction toward people of a particular
    gender
  • Usually heterosexual or homosexual small
    minority bisexual

15
Heterosexual
  • A sexual orientation in which a person is
    attracted to members of the opposite sex
  • straight

16
Homosexual
  • A sexual orientation in which a person is
    attracted to members of the same sex
  • Approximately 3-4 of the male population and
    1-2 of the female population

17
Sexual Orientation
  • Play Sexual Orientation and Activity (317)
    Segment 25 from Psychology The Human Experience

18
Cognitive Development Reasoning
  • Module 15 Adolescence

19
Formal Operational Stage
  • Piagets fourth and final stage of cognitive
    development
  • The person can think logically, hypothetically,
    and in the abstract
  • Qualitative change over the thinking of a child

20
Cognitive Development in Adolescence Morality
  • Module 15 Adolescence

21
Lawrence Kohlberg
  • Author of a three-stage theory of moral
    development

22
1. Preconventional Moral Reasoning
  • Characterized by the desire to avoid punishment
    or gain reward
  • Typically children under the age of 9

23
2. Conventional Moral Reasoning
  • Primary concern is to fit in and play the role of
    a good citizen
  • People have a strong desire to follow the rules
    and laws.
  • Typical of most adults

24
3. Postconventional Moral Reasoning
  • Characterized by references to universal ethical
    principles that represent the rights or
    obligations of all people
  • Most adults do not reach this level.

25
Lawrence Kohlberg Moral Development
26
Lawrence Kohlberg Moral Development
27
Lawrence Kohlberg Moral Development
28
Social Development in Adolescence
  • Module 15 Adolescence

29
Erik Erikson
  • Created an 8-stage theory of social development
  • Each stage has its own psychosocial,
    developmental task.

30
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31
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32
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33
Erik Erikson
  • Insert Eriksons Stages of Psychosocial
    Development Trust Versus Mistrust Video 20
    from Worths Digital Media Archive for
    Psychology.
  • Instructions for importing the video file can be
    found in the Readme file on the CD-ROM.

34
Social Development in Adolescence Developing
Identity
  • Module 15 Adolescence

35
Identity
  • Ones sense of self
  • According to Erikson, an adolescence task is to
    solidify a sense of self by testing and
    integrating various roles
  • A strong, consistent sense of who and what a
    person is

36
Developing Identity
  • Identity search includes the following
    characteristics
  • Experimentation
  • Rebellion
  • Self-ishness
  • Optimism and energy

37
Discovering Ones Identity
  • Play Adolescence Independence from Parents and
    Identity Formation (448) Segment 22 from
    Psychology The Human Experience.

38
Social Development in Adolescence Developing
Intimacy
  • Module 15 Adolescence

39
Intimacy
  • In Eriksons theory, the ability to form close,
    loving, open relationships
  • To Erikson this is the primary task of early
    adulthood
  • Not necessarily ones spouse or a sexual
    relationship

40
Social Development in Adolescence Independence
from Family
  • Module 15 Adolescence

41
Three Key Developmental Issues
  • Module 15 Adolescence

42
1. Continuity and Stages
  • How much of behavior is continuous and how much
    follows a more stage like development?

43
2. Stability and Change
  • Which developmental traits remain stable over
    time, and which change?

44
3. Nature and Nurture
  • How much of our behavior is due to nature and how
    much is due to nurture?
  • How do nature and nurture interact in development?

45
The End
46
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47
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