Thinking About Psychology: The Science of Mind and Behavior - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Thinking About Psychology: The Science of Mind and Behavior PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 779e73-MzU4M



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Thinking About Psychology: The Science of Mind and Behavior

Description:

Thinking About Psychology: The Science of Mind and Behavior Charles T. Blair-Broeker Randal M. Ernst Psychological Disorders Chapter 12 Introduction to Psychological ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:371
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 25
Provided by: Home2261
Learn more at: http://marsd.org
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Thinking About Psychology: The Science of Mind and Behavior


1
Thinking About Psychology The Science of Mind
and Behavior
  • Charles T. Blair-Broeker
  • Randal M. Ernst

2
Psychological Disorders
  • Chapter 12

3
Introduction to Psychological Disorders
  • Module 27

4
Defining Disorder
  • Module 27 Introduction to Psychological
    Disorders

5
Psychological Disorder
  • A harmful dysfunction in which behaviors are
    maladaptive, unjustifiable, disturbing, and
    atypical

6
Maladaptive
  • An exaggeration of normal, acceptable behaviors
  • Destructive to oneself or others

7
Unjustifiable
  • A behavior which does not have a rational basis

8
Disturbing
  • A behavior which is troublesome to other people

9
Atypical
  • A behavior so different from other peoples
    behavior that it violates a norm
  • Norms vary from culture to culture

10
MUDA
  • A mnemonic device used to remember the four
    attributes of a psychological disorder
  • Maladaptive
  • Unjustifiable
  • Disturbing
  • Atypical

11
Understanding Disorders
  • Module 27 Introduction to Psychological
    Disorders

12
Early Views of Mental Illness
  • In ancient times, mental illness was usually
    explained through a supernatural model the
    person was possessed or a sinner
  • During the Middle Ages treatment methods were
    inhumane and cruel

13
Philippe Pinel (1745-1826)
  • French physician who worked to reform the
    treatment of people with mental disorders
  • Encouraged more humane treatment

14
Understanding DisordersThe Medical Model
  • Module 27 Introduction to Psychological
    Disorders

15
The Medical Model
  • Diseases have physical causes that can be
    diagnosed, treated, and in most cases, cured.
  • Psychological disorders can be diagnosed based on
    their symptoms and treated or cured through
    therapy.
  • Psychological disorders are similar to a physical
    illness.

16
Understanding DisordersThe Bio-Psycho-Social
Model
  • Module 27 Introduction to Psychological
    Disorders

17
Bio-Psycho-Social Model
  • Perspective of mental illness which assumes that
    biological, psychological, and sociocultural
    factors combine and interact to produce
    psychological disorders

18
Bio-Psycho-Social Perspective
19
Classifying Disorders
  • Module 27 Introduction to Psychological
    Disorders

20
DSM-IV-TR
  • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental
    Disorders Fourth Edition
  • The text of the DSM-IV was recently revised,
    hence TR at the end
  • Published by the American Psychiatric Association
  • Lists and describes all the currently accepted
    categories of mental disorders

21
DSM-IV-TR
  • Divides mental disorders into 17 major categories
  • Includes the symptoms but not the causes of each
    disease
  • Has changed significantly since the first edition

22
Labeling Disorders
  • Module 27 Introduction to Psychological
    Disorders

23
Labeling Stigmas
  • Studies show a clear bias against people
    diagnosed with mental disorders.

24
The End
About PowerShow.com