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The United States takes its Place in the World The Building of an Empire

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The United States takes its Place in the World The Building of an Empire Blueprint History Era 7 (1890 1930) Emergence of Modern America Interpret how culture ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The United States takes its Place in the World The Building of an Empire


1
The United States takes its Place in the
World The Building of an Empire
2
Blueprint History Era 7 (1890
1930) Emergence of Modern America
  • Interpret how culture changes over time as a
    consequence of industrialization, technology, or
    cultural diffusion (i.e., railroad
    transportation, telecommunication, building
    design, varied types of music, and the growth of
    government services).

3
  • By the late 1800s the United States had emerged
    as a leader in agriculture and industry.
  • Now that our country stretched from ocean to
    ocean, many American leaders felt that the United
    States should start stretching to new lands.
    They looked for new resources and materials and
    new markets for American goods.

4
Alaska a mistake?
  • Many Americans thought it was foolish for the
    United States to buy Alaska from Russia in 1867
    because it was so far away and so unknown.
  • However, in 1896 gold was discovered in the
    Klondike region and a gold rush reminiscent of
    1849 began.

5
Definitely Not!!
  • Buying Alaska turned out to be very profitable,
    and as resources of gold, fish, lumber, coal and
    copper poured in, many felt that we should search
    for new lands across seas.

6
Aloha Hawaii!!
  • The Hawaiian Islands had been inhabited since
    the eighth century. By the late 1800s many
    Americans lived there. In 1887 King Kalakaua
    tried to keep Americans from taking over his
    islands, but failed. The many Americans who
    lived there forced the King to sign a new
    constitution that left the Hawaiian monarchy with
    no power.

7
Hawaii for the Hawaiians Again
  • Queen Liliuokalani was one of the most renown
    queens of Hawaii. She tried in 1893 to bring
    back the monarchys authority. She vowed to make
    Hawaii a place ruled by the native people again.
    She failed and Hawaii was annexed as a state in
    1898. Queen Liliuokalani was the last queen of
    Hawaii and wrote the famous song Aloha Oe which
    means Farewell to thee.

8
  • The United States began to come into conflict
    with other countries who were spreading beyond
    their borders, too especially Spain.
  • President McKinley sent our battleship, the
    Maine, to Cuba to show our countrys support of
    their rebellion for independence from Spain. The
    ship exploded in Havanas harbor and many people
    blamed Spain.

9
  • On April 25, 1898, the United States declared war
    on Spain. The slogan of the war?
  • Remember the Maine!

10
The Spanish American War
  • Thousands of Americans volunteered to fight in
    the war against Spain. Our Army quickly grew
    from 30,000 soldiers to more than 274,000.
  • Theodore Roosevelt was one of the war volunteers
    and he led a company of cowhands and college
    athletes who called themselves the rough riders.

11
Over Quickly, but not Quickly enough
  • The war lasted less than 4 months, but more than
    5000 Americans died. The United States was left
    feeling like a stronger world power. Under the
    peace treaty, the United States gained control of
    Cuba, Guam, Puerto Rico and the Philippine
    Islands. Guam and Puerto Rico are still under US
    control today.

12
Theodore Roosevelt - a name to remember
  • Because of his part in the war, Theodore
    Roosevelt was a very popular man. He quickly was
    elected to public positions and soon became the
    Vice President of the United States. When
    President McKinley was assassinated in 1901,
    Theodore Roosevelt became the new President of
    the United States.

13
  • President Roosevelt steered the United States
    more actively into world politics. He liked to
    quote a favorite proverb, "Speak softly and carry
    a big stick, and you will go far.
  • He believed that what happened in the rest of
    the world directly affected the United States,
    thus the United States should help shape the
    world.

14
"In any moment of decision, the best thing you
can do is the right thing. The worst thing you
can do is nothing."
  • President Roosevelt was a man of Action.
  • Many Americans thought that he would bring our
    country to war because of his tough rhetoric and
    opinions concerning peace and readiness for war.
    Instead, and in spite of the broiling turmoil
    across the oceans, the two Roosevelt
    administrations were among the most peaceful and
    harmonious in all of American history. And as if
    that were not enough, the president was awarded
    the Nobel Peace Prize for his role in negotiating
    the end to the bitter Russo-Japanese War in 1905
    the first American so honored.

15
The Panama Canal
  • President Roosevelt saw the need for a shortcut
    between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans and began
    the process that would build the Panama Canal.
    For years people had talked about the possibility
    of such a canal and the French had attempted one
    years earlier, but were unsuccessful. Thick
    jungles and disease were major problems. Another
    problem arose when Columbia refused to sell the
    isthmus of Panama to the US.

16
??Too many problems??
  • Not willing to give up on the canal, President
    Roosevelt sent word to the people of Panama that
    IF a revolution against Columbian rule happened
    to take place, the US Navy would be near to
    prevent Columbian troops from entering Panama. A
    revolution soon took place, Panama became
    independent and gave the US permission to begin
    work on the canal. New machines, medicine, and
    knowledge helped keep the workers healthy.

17
  • President Roosevelt was the first President of
    the United States to leave the United States
    while President. He visited the Panama Canal on
    August 15, 1914. The canal today still helps
    move people and goods all around the world.

18
A World Power
  • In a manner of a few decades, the United States
    had found her place among the leaders of the
    world. Her influence was felt by many and her
    people were proud to call themselves Americans.

19
Resources
  • Carry a Big Stick - The Uncommon Heroism of
    Theodore Roosevelt, by George Grant 1996
    Cumberland House Publishing Inc.
  • The United States in Modern Times, Harcourt
    Brace, 2002
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