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Ancient History

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Ancient: Belonging to the early history of man, usually before the ... 6. Cuneiform: A) ancient Semitic script. B) Sumerian mathematics. C) temple architects ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient History


1
Ancient History
  • Pre-Unit Study

2
Instructions
  • Student Handout Section Terms in Basic
    Archaeology
  • Fill in the correct term for each blank.
  • Make sure you READ each definition!

3
Terms in Basic Archaeology
  • Ancient Belonging to the early history of man,
    usually before the end of the Roman Empire.
  • Artifact Any object made by humans for their
    use.
  • Baulk Wall of the excavated pit left intact as
    a record of strata uncovered.

4
Terms in Basic Archaeology
  • Carbon 14 Dating process which measures amount
    of radio-carbon left in organic materials.
  • Civilization The total culture of a people,
    nation, or period, such as the Mesopotamian
    Civilization.
  • Correlation A close or mutual relation.

5
Terms in Basic Archaeology
  • Cross-Dating Dating process where
    archaeologists compare artefacts from a dated
    site with artefacts from an undated site.
  • Culture The skills, habits, arts, and
    institution of a given people during a given time
    in a given civilization.
  • Dendrochronology Dating process using tree-ring
    growth.

6
Terms in Basic Archaeology
  • Dig Team Archaeologists and workers at a
    specific site.
  • Excavation The systematic digging up of an
    archaeological site.
  • Grid System of 5-meter squares laid out at an
    archaeological site.

7
Terms in Basic Archaeology
  • History The story of the past all recorded
    events of the past.
  • In situ In the original place or site.
  • Layers Levels of civilization uncovered on a
    dig.

8
Terms in Basic Archaeology
  • Locus Specific spot where an object is
    uncovered.
  • Pit Excavated hole worked by archaeologists.
  • Potassium-argon dating Dating process used on
    volcanic rocks which measures the amount of
    radioactive argon in the rock.

9
Terms in Basic Archaeology
  • Pottery Bowls, urns, and other containers made
    of clay
  • Seriation System of arranging objects from
    least to most advanced.
  • Sherd Fragment of pottery.

10
Terms in Basic Archaeology
  • Site Location of an archaeological dig place
    where there is evidence of ancient human
    habitation.
  • Stratigraphy Study of the layers of strata, or
    levels of civilization.
  • Tell Mound which shows evidence of human
    habitation from Arabic word meaning hill
  • Trench Deep cut into the earth made by
    archaeologists to see if a site is worth
    excavating.

11
Instructions
  • Student Handout Section Pre-test
  • Circle True or False for each statement.

12
Pre-Test True of False
  • 1. Archaeology is an exact science.
  • 2. Conclusions can always be made by
    archaeologists.
  • 3. Archaeological sites can be found all over
    the world.
  • 4. Archaeologists, when they excavate, can throw
    away most objects that appear to be unimportant.
  • 5. Archaeologists primarily search for buried
    treasure.

13
Pre-Test True of False
  • 6. Ancient myths may provide clues for
    archaeologists, telling them where to dig.
  • 7. Archaeology is a modern science.
  • 8. Archaeologists use information provided by
    other sciences.
  • 9. The picture of a cultures past is always very
    clear from the remains preserved.
  • 10. The oldest object in a tell is usually at
    the top.

14
Instructions
  • Student Handout Section Vocabulary
  • Circle the word or phrase which best defines the
    term given.

15
Vocabulary Quiz
  • 1. Archaeology
  • A) study of man
  • B) study of the past by uncovering remains
  • C) Study of bridges
  • 2. Artifact
  • A) object made or used by man
  • B) fossil
  • C) Painting done in oils
  • 3. Tell
  • A) mound showing evidence of human life
  • B) an ancient legend
  • C) mythical goddess

16
Vocabulary Quiz
  • 4. Excavation
  • A) tomb art
  • B) study of caves
  • C) systematic digging
  • 5. Dendrochronology
  • A) telling of time
  • B) dating by the use of tree rings
  • C) study of trees
  • 6. Cuneiform
  • A) ancient Semitic script
  • B) Sumerian mathematics
  • C) temple architects

17
Vocabulary Quiz
  • 7. Baulk
  • A) digging tool
  • B) trench wall
  • C) ancient pottery
  • 8. In situ
  • A) foreign site
  • B) ancient furniture
  • C) in the original location
  • 9. Sherd
  • A) prehistoric animal
  • B) stone tool
  • C) pottery fragment
  • 10. Stratigraphy
  • A) study of layers of soil and the artefacts
    found in them
  • B) type of cloud
  • C) ancient social class

18
Instructions
  • Student Handout Section What is History?
  • Read the note on the next slide and fill in the
    missing blanks. Complete the activity that
    follows.

19
What is History?
  • The study of what human beings have done on
    earth.
  • Explains how the past and present are connected.
  • It is about political, economical, geographical,
    social, and cultural changes
  • 3 questions that Historians ask when studying
    history
  • Why did a particular event take place?
  • Why is the event important?
  • Why did the event happen when and where it did?

20
What is History?
  • Consider the 5ws when studying an event or
    person.
  • Who?
  • What?
  • When?
  • Where?
  • Why?
  • Primary Source
  • A document, record or written account made by
    someone who took part in or witnessed an event.
  • Secondary Source
  • Is a written account made sometime after an
    event has taken place and by people who are not
    eyewitnesses. They are based on research and
    analysis of primary sources or other secondary
    sources.

21
Primary or Secondary Source?
  • Activity Complete the chart on your sheet by
    placing the following sources under the proper
    column.
  • Diary Encyclopedia University
    Diploma
  • History Textbook Journal TV documentary on the
    past
  • Biographies Coles Notes Photograph
  • Map Magazine Birth Certificate
  • Census Record Newspapers Ships log

22
Instructions
  • Student Handout Section What is a Century?
  • Read the note on the next slides and fill in the
    missing blanks. Complete the activity that
    follows,

23
What is a Century?
  • This is how it works
  • 1-100 A. D. 1st Century
  • 101-201 A.D. 2nd Century
  • 201-300 A.D. 3rd Century
  • 1201-1300 A.D. 13th Century
  • 1801-1900 A.D. 19th Century
  • 1901- 2000 A. D. 20th Century
  • 2001-2100 A.D. 21st Century
  • Decade ________ years
  • Century ________ years
  • Millennium ________ years
  • Western countries place years into groups of one
    hundred and refer to them as a century. Example
    In Canada, we are currently in the 21st Century.

24
What is a Century? Activity
  • State which century for each date
  • 30 A.D. 6. 1313 A.D.
  • 1604 A.D. 7. 3110 A.D.
  • 1066 A.D. 8. 505 A.D.
  • 2555 A.D. 9. 1999 A.D.
  • 945 A.D. 10. 1650 A.D

25
Instructions
  • Student Handout Section Timeline
  • Read the note on the next slides and fill in the
    missing blanks. Complete the activity that
    follows.

26
Timeline
  • History began to be recorded when human beings
    started living in cities over 5 thousand years
    ago. Western historians used the following
    reference points to indicate the time in history
  • Gets closer to zero on a timeline
  • BCE Before Common Era
  • BC Before Christ
  • Moves away from zero on a timeline
  • CE Common Era
  • AD Anno Domini In the Year of Our Lord

27
Timeline Activity
  • Birth of Christ 0
  • 1st battle of the Hundred Years War
  • World War II
  • Signing of the Magna Carta
  • Your birth date
  • Todays date
  • Death of Julius Caesar
  • First Punic War
  • Stone Age
  • Martin Luther Excommunicated
  • Code of Hammurabi
  • Johann Gutenburg invents the printing press
  • Battle of Hastings
  • Hannibal defeats Rome
  • Place the events in chronological order (also
    record the dates for each event on the timeline).
    You will have to use your textbook to look up
    the dates.
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