Ancient Egypt - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Ancient Egypt

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Ancient Egypt How do we know it was a civilization? They had advanced cities . Cities developed along the Nile River (longest river in the world). – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient Egypt


1
Ancient Egypt
  • How do we know it was a civilization?

2
They had advanced cities.
  • Cities developed along the Nile River (longest
    river in the world).
  • The Nile River helped to unify Egypts cities and
    promote trade.
  • Each city had its own rituals, gods, and ruler.

3
They had complex institutions
  • Government
  • To the Egyptians, kings were gods and
    called pharaohs
  • Theocracy rule is based on religious
    authority
  • Religion
  • Egyptians believed in many gods/goddesses
    (polytheism)
  • Egyptians built pyramids as tombs
  • Egyptians believed in the afterlife
    (Other World)
  • Mummification was used to
    preserve the bodies

4
Mummification Tomb Building
5
Think About This
  • Would you care if someone hundreds of years of
    now excavated your grave in the name of
    science/history?
  • What if the person was an archeologist?
  • What if it was the grave of a deceased family
    member?
  • What about a President?
  • What if you knew it would be used for
    educational, technological, or medical advances?

6
They had specialized workers
  • King, queen, royal family
  • Wealthy landowners, government officials,
    priests, army commanders (upper class)
  • Merchants, artisans (middle class)
  • Farmers, laborers (lower class)
  • Slaves became a widespread source of labor in the
    later periods of Egyptian history
  • Women held many of the same rights as men

7
They had record-keeping
  • Hieroglyphics writing system means sacred
    carving
  • Egyptians invented a better writing surface
    papyrus reeds

8
(No Transcript)
9
They had advanced technology
  • Developed a calendar (to keep track of seasons
    and floods)
  • Developed written numbers for counting, adding,
    and subtracting (for tax collection)
  • Used geometry
  • Made advances in medicine
  • Created examples of remarkable
    architecture (pyramids, palaces)

10
Sois ancient Egypt considered a civilization?
11
Lets take a deeper look into the Egyptians
ideas about death
12
Word Splash
  • Use all of the following words to try to make one
    coherent sentence.
  • Post
  • Technical
  • Guard
  • Block

13
Use all of the following Words in a sentence
  • Sumerians
  • Clay tablets
  • cuneiform

14
Word Splash Egypt
  • Use all of the following words to make one
    coherent sentence.
  • Pharaoh
  • Polytheism
  • Hieroglyphics
  • Nile River
  • Papyrus
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