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Modernizing Ancient Architecture


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Title: Modernizing Ancient Architecture

Modernizing Ancient Architecture
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Elements of Ancient Architecture
  • Pediment The triangular space formed by the
    gable on either end of a Greek temple of
  • Doric Column standing directly on the stylobate
    with vertical shafts fluted by concave grooves
    and topped with a smooth capital.
  • Ionic Column standing on a base with a capital
    paired by scrolling volutes.
  • Corinthian A slender fluted column and ornate
    capital decorated with acanthus leaves and

  • Entablature The horizontal architectural members
    forming the superstructure of a building above
    the columns.
  • Stylobate The course of masonry in which columns
  • Stereobate Remaining steps of the platform
    beneath the stylobate and just above the leveling
  • Relief A sculptured artwork where a modeled form
    is raised or in sunken relief lowered, from a
    flattish background plane without being
    disconnected from it.

What is Modern Architecture?
  • A building style That Primarily Focuses on the
    Simplification of form and the elimination of

Examples of Modern Architecture
  • MoMA
  • The Sage Music and Art Gallery
  • Works of Vladimir Tatlin

  • Architectural History of MOMA
  • The first Director at MoMA submitted a plan for
    the conception and organization of the Museum
    that would result in the Museum's
  • Expansions took place during the 1950s and
    1960s planned by the architect Philip Johnson,
    who also designed The Abby Aldrich Rockefeller
    Garden and in 1984, a major renovation designed
    by Cesar Pelli doubled the Museum's gallery space
    and enhanced visitor facilities.
  • In 2004, Yoshio Taniguchi designed
    architecturally distinctive galleries (spacious
    and smaller, more intimately scaled for the
    Museums commitment to the art of our time)
    specifically for the type and scale of works
    displayed in order to provide an ideal showcase
    for MoMA's unparalleled collection of modern and
    contemporary art.

  • Inside MOMA 2004
  • The interior promenade in the lobby offers
    expansive views of both The Abby Aldrich
    Rockefeller Sculpture Garden and the light-filled
    Donald B. and Catherine C. Marron Atrium, which
    soars 110 feet above street level.
  • Expansive, skylit galleries for temporary
    exhibitions are located on the top floor.

The Sage Music and Art Gallery
  • Designed by Foster and Partners, the entire
    complex is sheltered beneath a broad, enveloping
    roof that is shrink-wrapped around the
    buildings beneath in order to allow for maximum
    attention to detail in their acoustic properties.

Vladimir Tatlin
  • Achieved fame as the architect who designed the
    huge Monument to the Third International.
    Planned in 1920, the monument, was to be a tall
    tower in iron, glass and steel which would have
    dwarfed the Eiffel Tower.
  • Influential in Constructivist art with his
    pre-Revolutionary counter-reliefs, structures
    made of wood and iron for hanging in wall
    corners. He conceived these sculptures in order
    to question the traditional idea of painting.

  • Kaya, Serdar. Vladimir Tatlin. 2004. Arts and
    Sciences Network 2006. http//www.artprofessor.c
  • Anderson, Bridget, and Sale, Michelle. Modern
    MakeoversRedesigning and Modernizing Old
    Buildings. 19 Nov. 2004 The New York Times. 2005
    The New York Times Company.
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