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Ancient China

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Title: Ancient China


1
Ancient China
  • Ms. Sisino
  • World History

2
4 Philosophies of Ancient China
  • Buddhism introduced from India along the Silk
    Road
  • Confucianism favored by rulers and adopted by
    the Han Emperor as the official state belief
    system
  • Daoism stressed harmony with nature
  • Legalism opposed Confucian belief that proper
    behavior would solve societies problems.
    Encouraged strict laws, severe punishments, a
    strong central govt.

3
Dynastic ChinaZhou Dynasty (1027-256 BCE)
  • Claimed they had a right to rule because they
    possessed the Mandate of Heaven permission to
    rule was granted by the divine power
  • Mandate of Heaven was later used to explain the
    Dynastic Cycle a dynasty would remain in power
    as long as it was providing good govt.
  • Dev. of silk and the beginnings of the
    exportation of this resource
  • Dev. of bookmaking

4
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5
Qin Dynasty (221 206 BCE)
  • Unified China for the first time
  • Known for warfare dev. Cavalry
  • Favored Legalism the state had absolute control
    and the nobility lost their power
  • Achievements standardized the language, writing,
    currency, measurements
  • Great Wall of China built to protect from
    Northern invasions
  • Punished any opposition and burned books

6
Han Dynasty (206 BCE 220 CE)
  • Considered Chinas Golden Age
  • Govt. focused on economic development the Silk
    Road
  • stretched as far as Mesopotamia and India
    (4000 miles)
  • main method of exchange btwn. China and other
    cultures
  • main export silk
  • imports glass, cloth, food, architecture,
    gold, camels, Buddhism
  • Confucianism was the state belief system civil
    service workers had to pass a Civil Service Exam
    to get a job the Merit System
  • Achievements adv. in science, accurate clocks,
    ship rudders, PAPER

7
  • Tang Dynasty strict social structure developed,
    dev. Of gunpowder, block printing, the first
    vaccinations
  • Song Dynasty movable type printing

8
Diffusion of Chinese Culture
  • Japan
  • Retained political independence
  • Copied Chinese models of government
  • Adopted Confucian philosophy, historical writing,
    and architecture (pagoda)
  • Japanese modified the Chinese system of writing
  • Buddhism became the dominant religion in Japan
  • Eventually, the influence of China declined in
    the 9th century
  • Long-term impact Zen Buddhism, which is still a
    dominant faith in Japan today

9
  • Korea
  • Influenced the most by China
  • Became a Chinese colony
  • Chinese rulers attempted to institute the Chinese
    writing, examination system, and govt.
    bureaucracy (process of Sinification)
  • Buddhism did take hold, Confucianism did not
  • Trade and colonization offered access to Chinese
    learning art, and goods
  • Vietnam (as an example of the influence on SE
    Asia)
  • Chinese wanted Vietnam to control the rice
    production in the country
  • The Vietnamese resisted the adoption of Chinese
    more than other areas
  • Early attempts at conquest yielded trade, but no
    political control
  • Some differences between the two cultures
    language, dress, and the higher status of women
  • The Han will eventually conquer and Confucianism,
    agricultural techniques, and military techniques
    will take hold
  • Even after winning independence from China in the
    10th century, Chinese bureaucracy and Buddhism
    remained in place
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