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The Ancient Egyptians

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Title: The Ancient Egyptians Author: Susan M. Pojer Last modified by: Sheila Created Date: 11/11/2004 8:31:24 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Ancient Egyptians


1
The Ancient Middle East
Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
2
2. The Ancient Egyptians
3
A View of Egypt by Satellite
4
The Fertile Nile Valley
5
The Annual Flooding of the Nile
6
Nile Irrigation-the Shaduf
7
Ancient Egyptian History
Periods Time Frame
Nile Culture Begins 3900 B. C. E.
Archaic 3100 2650 B. C. E.
Old Kingdom 2650 2134 B. C. E.
Middle Kingdom 2040 1640 B. C. E.
New Kingdom 1550 1070 B. C. E.
Late Period 750 332 B. C. E.
Greek Ptolemaic Era 332 30 B. C. E.
Roman Period 30 B. C. E. 395 C. E.
8
Menes Unifier of Upper Lower Egypt
c. 3050 B. C. E. ?
9
Ancient Egyptian Housing
Middle Class Homes
Peasant Homes
10
Scenes of Ancient EgyptianDaily Life
11
Making Ancient Egyptian Beer
12
Making Ancient Egyptian Wine
13
An Egyptian Womans Must-Haves
Mirror
Perfume
Whigs
14
Egyptian Social Hierarchy
15
Some Famous Egyptian Pharaohs
Tutankhamon1336-1327 B. C. E.
Thutmose III1504-1450 B. C. E.
Ramses II1279-1212 B. C. E.
16
Egyptian Nobility
17
Egyptian Priestly Class
18
Egyptian Scribe
19
Papyrus ? Paper
Hieratic Scroll Piece
Papyrus Plant
20
Egyptian Math Draftsmenship

1 10 100 1000 10,000 100,000 1,000,000
What number is this?
21
Champollion the Rosetta Stone
22
Hieroglyphic Cartouche
23
Hieroglyphics Alphabet
24 letters 700 phonetic symbols
24
Egyptian Creation Myth
The Goddess Nut
25
Egyptian Gods GoddessesThe Sacred Trinity
Osiris Isis
Horus
26
Preparations for the Underworld
ANUBIS weighs the dead persons heart against a
feather.
Priests protected your KA, or soul-spirit
27
Materials Used in Mummification
1. Linen
6. Natron2. Sawdust
7. Onion3. Lichen
8. Nile Mud4. Beeswax
9. Linen Pads5. Resin
10. Frankinsense
28
Preparation for the Afterlife
29
Egyptian Mummies
Ramses II1279-1212 B. C. E.
Seti I1291-1278 B. C. E.
Queen Tiye, wife of Amenhotep II1210-1200 B. C.
E.
30
Journey to the Underworld
The dead travel on the Solar Bark.
A boat for the journey is provided for a dead
pharaoh in his tomb.
31
Egyptian Book of the Dead
32
The Final Judgement
Anubis
Horus Osiris
33
Shabtis The Pharaohs Servants in the
Afterlife
34
Stepped Pyramid at Saqqara
35
Bent Pyramid of King Sneferu
36
Giza Pyramid Complex
37
Plan of the Great Pyramid of Khufu
38
The Valley of the Kings
39
Archaeologist, Howard Carter (1922)
40
Entrance to King Tuts Tomb
41
King Tutankhamons Death Mask
1336-1327 B. C. E.
42
King Tutankhamon
43
King Tutankhamuns Tomb
44
Treasures From Tuts Tomb
45
The Valley of the Queens
Temple of Queen Hatshepsut
1473-1458 B. C. E.
46
Ankhenaton First Monotheist?
1352-1336 B. C. E.
47
The Ankh The Cross of Life
48
QueenNefertiti
49
Abu SimbelMonument to Ramses II
1279-1213 B. C. E.
50
Who Are These Strange People?
51
Routes of the Sea Peoples
The end of the Bronze Age!
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