Ancient Rome - Regents Review - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Ancient Rome - Regents Review PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 721cce-MzY0O



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Ancient Rome - Regents Review

Description:

Ancient Rome - Regents Review – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:211
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 47
Provided by: Susa2330
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Ancient Rome - Regents Review


1
Rome
2
The Geography of Rome
3
Geography
  • Livy Early History of Rome
  • Not without reason did gods and men choose this
    spot for the site of our city- the hills, the
    river to bring us produce from the inland regions
    and sea-borne commerce from abroad, the sea
    itself, near enough for convenience yet not so
    near as to bring danger from foreign fleets, our
    situation in the very heart of Italy- all of
    these advantages make it of all places in the
    world the best for a city destined to grow
    great.
  • Why was Romes geography so important?

4
The History of Ancient Italy
5
First Settlers
  • Latins (9th-8th Century B.C.E.)
  • 1st around Rome
  • Palatine Hill
  • Greeks (750-600 B.C.E.)
  • Colonize southern Italy and Sicily
  • Greek cultural influence
  • Etruscans
  • Native to central and northern Italy
  • Current day Tuscany
  • Influence? Article?

6
Roots of Roman Values
  • Etruscans Influences
  • Greek Influences

7
Influence of the Etruscans
  • Writing
  • Religion
  • The Arch

8
The Mythical Founding of Rome Romulus Remus
9
Italy in 750 BCE
10
The Roman Republic 509 BCE - 27 BCE
11
Republican Government
2 Consuls (Rulers of Rome)
Senate (Representative body for
patricians) Tribal Assembly
(Representative body for plebeians)
12
The Twelve Tables, 450 BCE
  • Providing political and social rights for the
    plebeians.

13
Punic Wars
  • Start of Imperial Expansion
  • First Punic War (264-241 B.C.E)
  • Started over who controlled Sicily
  • Ended 20 years later with surrender of important
    colonies of Sicily and Sardinia to Rome
  • During truce Carthage built up its forces and
    invaded Italy
  • Second Punic War (218-202 B.C.E)
  • Carthaginian forces led by Hannibal
  • 15 years of destroying Italy
  • Rome wins
  • Carthage gives up holdings in Africa and Spain
  • Determined Roman control and civilization would
    take over Mediterranean world

14
Hannibal
  • Carthage (Northern Africa)
  • First settled by Phoenicians
  • Will fall to Rome
  • Raised by his father to hate Rome
  • Takes over military
  • Tightened Carthages control of Spain
  • Attacks Saguntum in Spain

15
Carthaginian Empire
16
Hannibals Route
17
Territorial Problems facing the Roman Republic
  • Results of the Punic Wars
  • Territory too big for the Republic to control

18
Economic Problems
  • Increasing gap between the rich and the poor
  • Rich landowners vs. slaves (1/3 population)
  • Small farmers (proletariat)
  • Cant compete Sell farms
  • Result homeless, jobless
  • Urban poor grows (1/4 of population)

19
  • Deaths lead to Civil War
  • Power-hungry generals
  • Soldiers for hire vs. citizens
  • Rape of the Sabine Women
  • Page 122

20
The Roman Forum
21
Romes Early Road System
22
Roman Roads The Appian Way
23
Roman Aqueducts
24
The Roman Colosseum
25
The Colosseum Interior
26
(No Transcript)
27
Circus Maximus
28
Reform Leaders
  • Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus
  • the poor should be given grain and small plots of
    free land.

Military Reformer
  • Gaius Marius
  • recruited an army from the poor and homeless.
  • professional standing army.

29
(No Transcript)
30
The First Triumvirate
  • Julius Caesar
  • (general)
  • Marcus Licinius Crassus (rich man)
  • Gaius Magnus Pompey (general)

31
The Rise of Julius Caesar (100 44 B.C.)
  • 59 B.C. Caesar elected Consul
  • 58 50 B.C. Julius Caesar conquers Gaul
  • Pompey and Senate fear Julius Caesars popularity
    orders Caesars army to disband and return home
  • 49 B.C. Julius Caesar marches on Rome defeats
    Pompeys troops
  • Returns home in 46 B.C. and named dictator for
    life in 44 B.C.

32
Julius Caesars Reforms
  • Granted Roman citizenship to many provincials
  • Expanded the Senate
  • Created jobs for the poor
  • Constructed public buildings
  • Started colonies for people without land to own
    property
  • Increased pay for soldiers

33
The Fate of Julius Caesar
  • The powerful feared Caesars growing power
    popularity
  • March 15, 44 BCE Caesar assassinated by senators
  • Only surviving relative was adopted son Octavian
    Caesar

34
Beware the Ides of March! 44 BCE
35
The Second Triumvirate
  • Octavian Augustus
  • Marc Antony
  • Marcus Lepidus

36
Second Triumvirate
  • Divided empire
  • Antony (general) - East and Egypt
  • Octavian (Caesars grandnephew/ adopted son) -
    Italy and West
  • Lepidus (politician) Africa
  • Octavian encourages Antony to declare war on him
    and won at the battle of Actium

Start of Roman Empire!!
37
The Roman Empire 27 BCE - 476 CE
38
Octavian Augustus Romes First Emperor
39
The First Roman Dynasty
40
The Rise of Augustus Caesar (63 B.C. A.D. 14)
  • Octavian
  • Forces Lepidus to retire
  • Defeated Mark Antony Cleopatra in Egypt in 31
    B.C.
  • Becomes Augustus exalted one
  • Master of Roman Worlds
  • (Article and Discuss Packet from Class)

41
The Augustan Age
  • Sheet from book and Discuss

42
Pax Romana 27 BCE 180 CE
43
Pax Romana
  • Roman Peace
  • 31 BCE- 180 CE
  • Greatest Achievement of Augustus
  • Syria to Spain, Bristol to Belgrade
  • Unified, peaceful, one ruler, common law
  • Literature and Arts Flourished
  • Trade
  • Sam Laws

44
Roman Culture
  • Borrowed heavily from Greeks
  • Had own native culture
  • Law
  • Administration
  • Practical matters engineering, sanitation,
    finance, system of justice
  • Arts
  • Latin Language
  • Literature
  • Architecture

45
The Greatest Extent of the Roman Empire 14 CE
46
The Legacy of Rome
  • Republic Government
  • Roman Law
  • Latin Language
  • Roman Catholic Church
  • City Planning
  • Romanesque Architectural Style
  • Roman Engineering
  • Aqueducts
  • Sewage systems
  • Dams
  • Cement
  • Arch
About PowerShow.com