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Urbanization and The American City


Urbanization and The American City Reasons for the American City The Immigrants The American Family Changed by Urbanization The Growth of Cities Three factors ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Urbanization and The American City

Urbanization and The American City
  • Reasons for the American City
  • The Immigrants
  • The American Family Changed by Urbanization

The Growth of Cities
  • Three factors responsible for growth of cities.
  • Improved transportation moved goods and people
    quickly and easily
  • Industrialization- produced more goods cheaply by
  • Commercialization- production of goods for a mass
    market. People demand goods.

Nations Three Largest Cities by 1850
  • New York, pop. 1,000,000 due to being a seaport
    and commercial center
  • Philadelphia, pop. 565,529 due to industry
  • Baltimore, pop. 250,000 due to trade with central
    U.S. and foreign markets.
  • New cities emerge as a result of transportation

Transportation in the United States
The Immigrants
  • The Irish are escaping the Great Potato Famine in
    the 1840s
  • Germans are escaping revolution and unrest
  • Scandinavians are drawn by the opportunity to own

The Immigrants
The Immigrants
  • U.S. population from 1790-1820 doubles through
    natural increase
  • 1815, immigration from Germany, Ireland, Britain
    and Scandinavia increases
  • Immigrants come seeking land, good pay, economic
    opportunity, political and religious freedom

The Rise of Nativism
  • Nativists fear immigrants because they are
    culturally different, will bring diseases and
  • Native-born workers resented immigrants for their
    willingness to work for low wages

The Rise of Nativism
  • Nativists fought to prevent immigration and
    immigrants from finding work
  • Used discrimination practices and used the legal
    system against immigrants
  • Irish not really discriminated against, majority
    of them do find employment on canal construction,
    as soldiers, house servants and factory workers

Class differences in cities
  • Unskilled and uneducated poor and immigrants
    live in depleted slums
  • Skilled workers live above their stores
  • Educated middle-class live in comfortable homes
  • Wealthy live in mansions in secluded areas

Slums by railroad tracks.
City sanitation and living problems
  • Garbage collection was not a city service
  • If you wanted services you paid for the actual
    cost of a sewer or street
  • Wealthy and poor begin to live in specific areas
    of the city
  • 1845 professional police forces appear to control
    the poor who riot because of living conditions

Ethnic Neighborhoods
  • Irish immigrants cluster in ethnic neighborhoods
    for support and help
  • They build Catholic churches and form social and
    religious clubs
  • Run their own fire and militia companies, also
    serve as policemen

The Five Points, New York City, 1850s
Pictures of Slums, circa 1890s
Wealthy live in mansions with access to private

The American Family Changes
  • The Industrial Revolution changes the dynamics of
    the family
  • Fathers spend more time away from home and
    mothers now assume more control of household
  • Working class mothers seek employment as well to
    supplement the families income

The American Family Changes
  • Working class women seek work whereas middle
    class wives do not
  • The middle class view is negative towards a wife
    who seeks work outside the home
  • Middle class place women on a pedestal for their
    devotion to home and family
  • Working class women contributor to family income
    and take care of family!

The American Family Changes
  • Working class women tend to now marry later and
    have fewer children
  • The birth of smaller families led parents to
    value their children more and provide them with
    more attention and affection

The American Family Changes
  • Separate Spheres Belief that God ordained
    specific roles for men and women
  • Wife duty to family and to obey husband, husbands
    duty was to be provider for family
  • Men were smart, competitive, aggressive and
  • Women were motherly, emotional and dependent

Gangs in 19th Century America?
  • Not really gangs in the beginning
  • Actually they are young immigrants rebelling and
    looking for their own identity in America
  • Flamboyant dress and behavior are a way to set
    themselves apart from middle class
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