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World Leaders

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Leader of the British at the beginning of WWII. Followed a policy of appeasement. Leader of Britain who pushed the British to carry on and not followed a policy of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: World Leaders


1
World Leaders
2
Mohandas Gandhi
  • India.
  • Headed nationalist movement.
  • Nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience.
  • Salt March.
  • Rejected Caste System.
  • Encouraged western ideas.

3
Adolf Hitler
  • Germany.
  • Promised Germany that he would restore German
    pride after WWI.
  • Germans were a superior race.
  • Was a dictator.
  • Went against Treaty of Versailles.
  • Used propaganda in education and arts.
  • Tried to drive minorities out of Germany (Jews).
  • Helped cause WWII.

4
Joseph Stalin
  • Ruler of Russia.
  • Totalitarian dictator.
  • Wanted to spread communism.
  • Took over for Lenin.
  • Wanted to industrialize Russia (5 year plan).
  • Collective farms.
  • Cult of personality.
  • Great purge where he killed those who wanted to
    take over for him.

5
Nelson Mandela
  • Africa.
  • African National Congress.
  • Opposed Apartheid and launched boycotts and civil
    disobedience.
  • Freed and became president.

6
Mao Zedong
  • China.
  • In the 1930s he was leader of the Communists.
  • Won support of the peasants.
  • Rejected Confucian ideas.
  • People felt nationalists had allowed foreigners
    to dominate.
  • Wanted to modernize China.
  • Launched the great leap forward to increase
    output.
  • Cultural Revolution to make people loyal to
    Communism. Little red book.

7
Martin Luther
  • 95 theses.
  • Indulgences
  • Protestant Reformation.
  • Broke away from the Catholic Church.

8
Mansa Musa
  • Leader of the Mali Empire.
  • Ran efficient government.
  • Converted to Islam.
  • Controlled gold trade routes.

9
Philip II
  • Spain, divine right.
  • Hard working ruler, promoted golden age of Spain.
  • Relied on gold and silver to expand empire.

10
Genghis Khan
  • Leader of the Mongols.
  • Name means World Emperor.
  • Built the largest empire in the world, developed
    the best military technology.

11
Zheng He
  • Chinese admiral.
  • First explorer who went to the Arabian Peninsula,
    India and Africa.
  • Exchanged Chinese silks for luxury items.

12
Leonardo da Vinci
  • Artist during the Renaissance.
  • Mona Lisa.
  • Sketches for flying machines and submarines.

13
Michelangelo
  • Sculptor and artist during the Renaissance.
  • Statue of David.
  • Dome of St. Peters Church.

14
Louis XIV
  • King of France.
  • Sun King.
  • Took over at age of 5 and stayed for 72 years.
  • Built the palace of Versailles and created a
    highly organized government.
  • Left France in great debt and taxed the people
    very heavily.

15
Peter the Great
  • Czar of Russia.
  • Wanted to modernize and westernize Russia.
  • Made St. Petersburg the window of the west.
  • Built largest army in Europe.
  • Wanted a warm water port.

16
Thomas Hobbes
  • Wrote Leviathan.
  • People are naturally greedy and selfish.
  • Need absolute ruler to make sure people dont
    have anarchy.

17
Copernicus and Galileo
  • Challenged the churchs view that the earth was
    the center of the universe.
  • Created the Heliocentric theory.

18
John Locke
  • Enlightenment thinker.
  • Believed that people had natural rights.
  • Rights were life, liberty and property.

19
Montesquieu
  • Enlightenment thinker.
  • Believed that no one person (or branch) should
    have to much power.
  • Believed that there should be 3 branches
    (Separation of powers).

20
Voltaire
  • Enlightenment thinker.
  • Believed that there should be free speech.
  • Believed in religious toleration.

21
Jean Jacques Rousseau
  • Wrote the Social Contract.
  • People are naturally good but corrupted by the
    evils of society.
  • Do the will of the majority not what is best for
    the individual.

22
Catherine the Great
  • Enlightened despot, which is a king or queen who
    believes in the idea that people should have more
    rights.
  • Russian leader.
  • Wanted to westernize Russia.

23
Maximilien Robespierre
  • Leader during the French Revolution.
  • Led the Reign of Terror.
  • Was executed after the reign.

24
Napoleon Bonaparte
  • Had a coup detat to take over France during the
    Revolution.
  • Created an empire and took over as Emperor.
  • Created the Napoleonic Code which was a legal
    code taking over much of Europe.
  • Invaded Russia which led to his fall.

25
Toussaint LOuverture
  • Slave who led a revolt and independence movement
    in Haiti.

26
Simon Bolivar
  • Leader of a revolutionary movement against the
    Spanish.
  • Called the Liberator.

27
Mazzini, Cavour and Garibaldi
  • Leaders of Italian independence movements during
    the 1860s.

28
Otto von Bismarck
  • Leader of German nationalist movements.
  • Blood and Iron trying to industrialize Germany.

29
Adam Smith
  • Laissez faire economics.
  • Government stay out of business during the
    Industrial Revolution.
  • Wrote The Wealth of Nations.

30
Muhammad
  • Founder of the Islamic faith.
  • Created the 5 pillars of Islam.
  • Born in Mecca and traveled to Medina.

31
Buddha
  • Founder of the Buddhist faith.
  • Called the Enlightened One.
  • Four Noble Truths and 8 Fold Path.
  • Said people should want to reach Nirvana.

32
Confucius
  • Founder of Confucianism.
  • China.
  • Said people should no their role in society-
    people should follow the proper relationships.

33
Justinian
  • Leader of the Byzantine empire.
  • Created Justinians Code- which are a series of
    laws which are followed even today.

34
Neville Chamberlain
  • Leader of the British at the beginning of WWII.
  • Followed a policy of appeasement.

35
Winston Chamberlain
  • Leader of Britain who pushed the British to carry
    on and not followed a policy of appeasement.

36
Vasco da Gama
  • Sailed around the coast (tip) of Africa to reach
    India.
  • Led the search to avoid the Muslims throughout
    the Middle East.

37
Ferdinand Magellan
  • 1st man given credit for traveling around the
    world.

38
Christopher Columbus
  • 1st explorer to sail west.
  • Discovered America.

39
Archduke Francis Ferdinand
  • Archduke of Austria-Hungary.
  • His assassination led to the beginning of WWI.

40
Karl Marx
  • Revolution by the working class (bourgeoisie)
    over the proletariat (Business owners).
  • Came up with the idea of Communism/Socialism.

41
Vladimir Lenin
  • Leader of the Russian Revolution.
  • Peace, land and bread.
  • Ended WWI with Germany.
  • Led the Bolsheviks.

42
Kemal Ataturk
  • Leader of Modern Turkey.
  • Wanted to modernize Turkey.
  • Replace Islamic law with European model.

43
Mussolini
  • Leader of Italy during WWII.
  • Helped create the Axis Powers.
  • Had a Fascist government.

44
Jomo Kenyatta
  • Led the independence movement of the Kenyans over
    the British.

45
Yasser Arafat
  • Leader of the PLO.
  • Fought against the Israelis.
  • Wanted Palestinian independence.

46
Ayatollah Khomeini
  • Leader of the Iranian revolution.
  • Became the leader of Iran.
  • Wanted to get rid of western ideas in Iran.

47
Saddam Hussein
  • Leader of Iraq.
  • Invaded Kuwait, led to the 1st Gulf War.
  • Believed to have weapons of mass destruction.

48
Alexander the Great
  • Leader of the Greek empire.
  • Hellenistic culture.
  • Blending of the Greek, Indian, Egyptian and
    Persian cultures.

49
Slobodan Milosevic
  • Leader of Serbia.
  • Accused of War Crimes against those in Serbia,
    Croatia and Kosovo.

50
Mikhail Gorbachev
  • Last leader of the Soviet Union.
  • Believed in Glasnost and Perestroika.
  • Pushed for freedom and was leader when the Soviet
    Union collapsed.

51
Boris Yeltsin
  • 1st President of the Russia after the fall of the
    Soviet Union.
  • Led the Russians defeat communist hardliners who
    wanted to keep communism .

52
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