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Politics in The Gilded Age


Politics in The Gilded Age 1869-1889 By: Anthony Abreu and Emily December The Bloody Shirt Elects Grant A. People believed good general would become a good ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Politics in The Gilded Age

Politics in The Gilded Age
  • 1869-1889
  • By Anthony Abreu and Emily December

The Bloody Shirt Elects Grant
  • A. People believed good general would become a
    good president.
  • 1. Ulysses S. Grant was the most popular hero to
    emerge from the Civil War
  • A. Greenhorn? almost no political experience
  • 2. Republicans nominated Grant for presidency in
  • A. Republicans supported Grant by waving the
    bloody shirt" (reviving memories of the Civil
  • 3. Grant won the 1868 Election
  • A. received 214 electoral votes and 3,013,421
    in popular votes.

The Era of Good Stealings
  • A. A great deal sticks to the wrong fingers
  • 1. Corruption in politics and economics
  • B. Honest politicians, when bought, would stay
  • C. Financial World had a millionaire duo in
    Jubilee Jim Fisk and Jay Gould
  • 1. Devised a plan to corner the gold
    market in 1869
  • D. Failed because it depended on the Federal
    Treasury, refraining from selling gold but
    instead they released it
  • E. Tweed Ring in New York City
  • 1.Burly Boss Tweed used bribery, graft,
    and fraud elections to cheat NYC out of 200

The Era of Good Stealings (cont)
  • A Carnival of Corruption
  • I. Credit Mobilier Scandal
  • 1. Railroad construction company which was
    formed by members of Union Pacific Railway
  • 2. Hired themselves to build a railroad line
    paying 50,000 a mile when it only actually cost
    30,000. They paid dividends of up to 348!
  • 3. Feared congress would take action against
    them so they distributed shares to congressmen
  • II. The Whiskey Ring of 1875
  • 1. Robbed treasury of millions of dollars in
    excise tax revenue
  • 2. Grant did nothing because one of the culprits
    was his own private secretary.
  • 3. Secretary of War Belknap-1876
  • a. Made 24,000 by selling supplies or junk
    to Indians
  • b. resigned so he wouldnt be convicted by

The Liberal Republican Revolt of 1872
  • A. Liberal Republican Party
  • 1. Disgusted with corruption of Grant
  • 2. Party formed by reform-minded citizens
  • 3. Turn the Rascals Out
  • a. purification of Washington Admin.
  • b. end to military reconstruction

Depression and Demands for Inflation
  • A. Depression of 1873
  • 1. Large businesses failed to gain profits
    therefore loans werent paid
  • a. credit system plummeted
  • 2. Boom times became gloom times
  • a. more than 15,000 businesses were bankrupt
  • 3. Cheap-Money supporters
  • a. wanted greenbacks to be issued again
  • i. Dollar of our Daddies
  • 4. Hard-Money supporters
  • a. gold and silver coins
  • b. resumption act 1875 ? withdrew greenbacks,
    redemption of paper money in gold
  • c. Grant refused to coin silver dollars
  • 5.Bland-Allison Act 1878- instructed the
    treasury to buy and coin between 2 Million and
    4 million worth of silver each month

Pallid Politics in Gilded Age
  • A. Gilded Age
  • 1. Name given to post Civil War era by Mark
    Twain due to Corruption
  • 2. Political Seesaw? slight nudge could tip
    advantage in favor of opposing party
  • B. Democrats and Republicans
  • 1. Had similar opinions on issues of tariff,
    currency, and civil service reforms
  • a. competitive with each other
  • 2. Ethnic and Cultural Differences in Members of
    both parties
  • a. Republicans? Puritanism
  • b. Democrats? Lutherans, Roman Catholics
  • 3. Supporters for both parties
  • a. Republicans? strong votes in North and West
    and from the Grand Army of the Republic formed by
    Union veterans)
  • b. Democrats - strong support in the south

The Hayes-Tilden Standoff,1876
  • A. Grant was not allowed to seek a third term in
    presidency even though he wanted to...
  • 1.House voted 233 to 18 in not allowing grant
    to run again.
  • B. Rutherford B. Hayes (Republican) and Samuel J.
    Tilden (Democrat) ran for presidency.
  • 1. The election was very close.
  • a. Tilden received 184 electoral votes but
    needed 185 to win.
  • 2. Votes in several states were unsure of and
    disputed (South Carolina, Florida, Louisiana and
  • 3. These states returned one Democrat and one

The Compromise of 1877 and the End of
  • A. Electoral Count Act 1877
  • 1. Established an electoral commission
    consisting of 15 men which were selected from the
    Senate, the House and the Supreme Court to count
    the disputed votes
  • 2. The Senate and the House met in February
    1887 to settle the dispute
  • I. Hayes would take office if he
  • 1. withdrew federal troops from Louisiana and
    South Carolina
  • 2. Provided support for a bill which would
    subside the Texas and Pacific Railroads
    construction of a southern transcontinental line
  • 3. The Compromise bought Peace at a price
  • II. Republican Party abandoned commitment to
    black equality
  • 1. Civil Rights Act of 1875 was last supportive
    act but was toothless and wasnt enforced?
    whites once again discriminated blacks
  • 2. Plessy v. Ferguson(1896)
  • a." separated but equal facilities were

Cold-Water Integrity on the Potomac
  • A. Presidency of Rutherford B. Hayes
  • 1. People criticized his election
  • a. referred to Hayes as Rutherfraud, His
  • 2. Congress passed a bill later known as the
    Chinese Exclusion Act to restricted Chinese
  • A. act wasnt passed until Hayes left the
    presidency because he vetoed this act
  • 1. He vetoed it to maintain an existing
    treaty with China
  • 3. Did not accomplish anything significant or
    beneficial for the Nation

The Garfield Interlude
  • A. James A. Garfield
  • 1. Republican that was elected president in the
    1881 election
  • 2. Appointed James G. Blaine as Secretary of
    State who passed Anti-Stalwart acts
  • 3. Presidential term was short as he was shot
    and died several weeks after on Sep.19,1881
  • a. shot by a mentally deranged office seeker
    Charles J. Guiteau

Chester Arthur Takes Command
  • A. Chester Arthur becomes President
  • 1. Underestimated but soon people began to see
    his intelligence as he had graduated from Union
    College, had become a lawyer and had political
    experience under Conkling.
  • 2. The Pendleton Act of 1883 ? Magna-Carta of
    Civil Service reform
  • a. prohibited financial assessments on
  • b. established merit system to be appointed to
    office rather than pull.
  • c. set up a Civil Service Commission to
    examine applicants for posts in classified
    government services
  • By 1884 he had classified 10 or 14,000 of the
  • d. divided politics from patronage, but it
    drove politicians into marriages of convenience
    with business leaders.
  • 3. Reforms offended powerful republicans? his
    own party betrayed him.

The Blaine-Cleveland Mudslingers of 1884
  • A. Presidential Campaign of 1884
  • 1.James G. Blaine was the republican candidate
  • 2.Grover Cleveland was the democratic candidate
  • a. democrats dubbed mugwumps meaning great
    man or holier than thou
  • 3.Campaigns for both parties used extreme
  • 4.Cleveland won the election
  • a. swept in the South, received 219 electoral
    votes and 4,879,507 popular votes

Old Grover Takes Over
  • A. Presidency of Grover Cleveland
  • 1.supporter of Laissez-Faire governing.
  • a. appealed to business owners and bankers.
  • 2. Dismissed nearly two-thirds of the 120,000
    federal employees.
  • 3. People abused military pensions
  • a. Cleveland vetoed a bill that would add
    hundred thousands more people to the pension
  • Cleveland Battles for a Lower Tariff
  • A. High Tariffs of Civil War
  • 1. Treasury had a surplus of 145 million
  • a. most of the governments income came from

Harrison Ousts Cleveland in 1888
  • Democrats were dismayed Republicans were
    rejoicing when they nominated their candidate,
  • Launched one of the worst mud slinging
    campaigns ever.
  • Cleveland......
  • 1. Called Beast of Buffalo
  • 2. Married a 21 year old woman 27 years his
  • 3. Accused of Alcoholic/Domestic Abuse
  • 4.(Major) Had an Illegitimate Child
  • 5. According to Britain, a vote for him
    lowered tariffs.
  • Note The North was concerned with their
    industry high tariffs success. The Irish in
    New York eventually didnt support Cleveland (a
    crucial vote lost).

Harrison Ousts Cleveland in 1888 continued
  • 233 to 168- electoral votes (Harrison won)
  • 5,537,857 (Cleveland) to 5,447,129(Harrison)
    popular vote

  • Most of the Forgettable presidents have left
    blanks- or blots- on the Nations political
  • Economic gains took away the good to-be
  • However, the politics wasnt the greatest, yet
    economy experienced a boom.
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