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National Politics In The Gilded Age, 1877-1900

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National Politics In The Gilded Age, 1877-1900 Shruti Vyas The Gilded Age by Mark Twain Campaign Strategy Election campaigns included brass bands, flags, buttons ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: National Politics In The Gilded Age, 1877-1900


1
National Politics In The Gilded Age, 1877-1900
  • Shruti Vyas

2
The Gilded Age by Mark Twain
3
Campaign Strategy
  • Election campaigns included brass bands, flags,
    buttons, picnics, free beer, and crowd pleasing
    oratory.
  • Republicans reminded the voters of the Civil War
    and the bloody shirt and said that millions of
    veterans on the Union army had been wounded
    because of southern democrats.
  • The south was solidly democratic and democrats
    had the support of the former Confederacy.

4
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5
Party Patronage
6
Rutherford B. Hayes
7
James Garfield
8
Chester A. Arthur
9
The Election of 1884
10
Pendleton Act of 1881
  • Set up Civil Service Commission and created a
    system by which applicants for classified federal
    jobs would be selected on basis of an exam.
  • It also prohibited civil servants from making
    political contributions.

11
Greenback Party
  • Supporter of paper money
  • Goal was to increase amount of money in
    circulation
  • Creditors and investors wanted gold or silver and
    were supported by congress who passed the Specie
    Resumption Act that withdrew the last of the
    greenbacks from circulation

12
The election of 1888
13
Billion-dollar Congress
  • The McKinley Tariff- raised tax on foreign
    products over 48
  • Increases in the monthly pensions to Civil War
    veterans, widows, and children
  • The Sherman Antitrust Act- limited monopolies
  • Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890- increase
    coinage of silver in small amounts which would
    not satisfy farmers
  • A bill that protected the voting rights of
    African-Americans which was passed by the House
    but defeated in the Senate

14
(No Transcript)
15
Omaha Platform and Populist Party
  • Unlimited coinage of silver to increase money
    supply
  • Graduated income tax
  • Public ownership of railroads by U.S. govt
  • Telegraph and telephone systems owned operated
    by govt
  • Loans and federal warehouses for farmers to
    enable them to stabilize prices for crops
  • 8 hr work day for industrial workers

16
The Election of 1892
17
Panic of 1893
  • Stock market crash due to overspeculation
  • Dozens of railroads went into bankruptcy as a
    result of overbuilding

18
Coxeys Army
  • March to Washington
  • Led by Jacob A. Coxey
  • Demanded govt spend 500 million on public works
    program to create jobs.
  • Coxey and a few others were arrested for
    trespassing so the others went home ?

19
Election of 1896
20
William McKinley
21
TWO WEEKS AND ONE DAY
  • .UNTIL THE APUSH EXAM!!!!!!
  • I hope this was helpful! )
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