GILDED AGE POLITICS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – GILDED AGE POLITICS PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 83c43b-YWFlZ



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

GILDED AGE POLITICS

Description:

political machines, reform, populism ... service farmers in the gilded age debts farmers in the gilded age railroads populist party populism wizard of oz ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:32
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 17
Provided by: pcma410
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: GILDED AGE POLITICS


1
GILDED AGE POLITICS
  • POLITICAL MACHINES, REFORM, POPULISM

2
POLITICAL MACHINES
  • DEFINITION
  • A GANG OF PEOPLE WHO CONTROLLED CITY GOVT FOR
    THEIR OWN PROFIT AND SELF INTEREST

3
HOW THEY GOT MONEY
  • GRAFT/PADDING BILLS
  • ILLEGAL USE OF POLITICAL INFLUENCE FOR PERSONAL
    GAIN
  • OVERCHARGE TAX PAYERS TO BUILD STUFF FOR THE
    GOVT. THE BUILDERS AND MACHINE MEMBERS SPLIT
    THE EXTRA .
  • BRIBES
  • GOVT OFFICIALS WOULD ACCEPT BRIBES FOR LICENSES,
    NOT DOING INSPECTIONS, ETC. THE OFFICALS WOULD
    KICKBACK SOME OF THE MONEY TO THE MACHINE

4
HOW THEY GOT VOTES
  • IMMIGRANTS
  • THE MACHINE MEMBERS GAVE IMMIGRANTS JOBS,
    ARRANGED FOR HOUSING IN EXCHANGE FOR VOTES
  • PADDING LISTS/FRAUD
  • MACHINE MEMBERS USE DEAD PEOPLES NAMES, DOGS,
    IMGINARY PEOPLES NAMES THEN ADD THEM TO THE LIST
    OF REGISTERED VOTERS AND VOTE ILLEGALLY

5
ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
  • PARTY BOSS
  • WARD BOSS
  • PRECINCT CAPTAIN
  • COMMON PEOPLE BUSINESSMEN

6
EXPOSING MACHINES CORRUPTION
  • THOMAS NAST
  • A CARTOONIST WHO EXPOSED POLITICAL MACHINES
    THROUGH HIS DRAWINGS
  • MOST POOR PEOPLE COULDNT READ WELL
  • RAISED AWARENESS AMONG THE COMMON PEOPLE OF WHY
    POLITICAL MACHINES WERE BAD

7
(No Transcript)
8
EXAMPLE
  • TAMMANY HALL DEMOCRATIC HEADQUARTERS OF NY
    CITY/POLITICAL MACHINE OF NYC
  • BOSS TWEED POLITICAL BOSS OF NY CITY
  • TWEED RING GROUP THAT CONTROLLED TAMMANY HALL
  • NY COUNTY COURTHOUSE- BOSS TWEED CHARGED
    TAXPAYERS 13 MILLION TO BUILD COURTHOUSE BUT IT
    ONLY COST 3 MILLION. HE POCKETED 10 MILLION

9
REFORM IN THE GILDED AGETARIFF
  • POOR WANT
  • RICH WANT
  • RELEVANT PRESIDENTS
  • RESULT
  • WINNER
  • LOWER TARIFF
  • HIGHER TARIFF HIGHER TARIFF DONT WANT TO
    COMPETE WITH FOREIGN GOODS
  • CLEVELAND- TRIES TO LOWER, NO SUCCESS
  • HARRISON- RAISED TARIFFS TO 48
  • CLEVELAND- ONLY LOWERED TO 41
  • MCKINLEY- RAISED BACK TO 46
  • HIGH TARIFF
  • RICH

10
REFORM IN THE GILDED AGEMONETARY
  • POOR WANT
  • RICH WANT
  • RELEVANT PRESIDENTS
  • RESULT
  • WINNER
  • MORE PRINTED- BIMETALLISM (GOLD AND SILVER)
  • LESS PRINTED- GOLD STANDARD TO MAKE VALUE
    HIGHER
  • HAYES VETOES, BUT CONGRESS PASSES BLAND ALLISON
    ACT- ALLOWED SOME SILVER COINAGE
  • 1890- SILVER PURCHASE ACT PASSED BY HARRISON-
    GOVT BUYS EXCESS SILVER
  • CLEVLAND REPEALS
  • 1900- GOLD STANDARD ACT PASSED
  • GOLD STANDARD
  • RICH

11
REFORM IN THE GILDED AGECIVIL SERVICE
  • POOR WANT
  • RICH WANT
  • RELEVANT PRESIDENTS
  • RESULT
  • WINNER
  • END OF SPOILS SYSTEM- WANT JOBS BASED ON MERIT
  • CONTINUE SPOILS SYSTEM- MEANS FED. EMPLOYEES
    WOULD CHANGE WITH EVERY PRESIDENT
  • HAYES TRIES TO CLEAN UP THE NYC CUSTOM HOUSE BUT
    CONGRESS DOES NOT SUPPORT
  • STALWARTS FORM TO OPPOSE REFORM
  • GARFIELD STARTS REFORM BUT ASSASSINATED!!
  • VP ARTHUR TURNS REFORMER PASSES PENDLETON ACT-
    MAKE FED. APPOINTMENTS BASED ON CANDIDATES
    PERFORMANCE ON TEST
  • CIVIL SERVICE REFORM- NOW LIMITED OF PEOPLE ARE
    CHANGED
  • POOR

12
FARMERS IN THE GILDED AGEDEBTS
  • OWED FOR
  • NEW MACHINERY, SEED, LAND, ETC.
  • HARD TO PAY DEBTS SINCE
  • BANKS AND WEALTHY CONTROLLED THE SUPPLY (UNDER
    PRINTING MONEY)
  • RICH WANT LESS PRINTED, ONLY BACKED BY GOLD-
    CALLED
  • GOLDBUGS
  • FARMERS WANT GOLD AND SILVER USED TO BACK SO
    MORE CAN BE PRINTED- CALLED
  • SILVERITES AND BIMETALLISM

13
FARMERS IN THE GILDED AGERAILROADS
  • WERE OVERCHARGING FARMERS TO SHIP CROPS. HAD A
    MONOPOLY
  • FARMERS WANT THE GOVT TO STOP THIS AND REGULATE
    THEM
  • THEY FORM A SOCIAL/POLITICAL ORGANIZATION CALLED
    GRANGE FOUNDER OLIVER HUDSON KELLEY
  • THE GRANGE SUCCESSFULLY ELECT LOCAL AND STATE
    POLITICIANS TO REGULATE RRDS IN STATES. UPHELD
    BY COURT CASE MUNN V. ILLINOIS
  • BUT MOST RRDS RUN BETWEEN STATES AND NEED FEDERAL
    OVERSIGHT
  • INTERSTATE COMMERCE ACT WILL BE PASSED, BUT NOT
    ENFORCED

14
POPULIST PARTY
  • POPULISM
  • MEMBERS FARMERS, FACTORY WORKERS, PEOPLES
    PARTY, LITTLE PEOPLE, MINERS, WOMEN
  • WANTED BIMETALLISM AND FREE COINAGE OF SILVER,
    LIMITED HOURS OF WORK, GOVT REGULATION OF RRDS
  • NOMINATE WILLIAM JENNINGS BRYAN TO RUN FOR
    PRESIDENT

15
POPULISM
  • REPUBLICANS
  • MEMBERS GOLDBUGS, WEALTHY, POWERFUL, BUSINESS
    INTERESTS
  • MCKINLEY THE FRONT PORCH CAMPAIGN- AT HIS
    HOUSE COME AND WAVE

16
WIZARD OF OZ
  • OZ OUNCES (GOLD AND SILVER MEASURED IN)-
    WASHINGTON, D.C.
  • DOROTHY COMMON MAN
  • WICKED WITCHES RR-WEST, BANKS- EAST
  • MUNCHKINS FACTORY WORKERS, FARMERS, MINERS
  • YELLOW BRICK ROAD GOLD STANDARD
  • SLIPPERS SILVER
  • TIN MAN FACTORY WORKERS (MISSING HEART FROM
    INDUSTRIALIZATION)
  • SCARECROW FARMERS (MISSING BRAIN)
  • LION WJB
  • WIZARD PRESIDENCY
About PowerShow.com