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Gilded Age Politics in America

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Title: Gilded Age Politics in America Author: Susan M. Pojer Last modified by: user Created Date: 2/9/2004 1:39:57 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Gilded Age Politics in America


1
Life at the Turn of the Twentieth Century
Honors US History 5.1 Immigration
2
Mulberry Street Little Italy
This is an example of what?
3
Immigration
  • Who were the new immigrants? How many came to
    America? What nations did they come from?

Who were the old immigrants?
What are ethnic neighborhoods? What were the
benefits of forming these?
4
The New Immigrants
5
Qualities of the New Immigrants
  • More diversity in religion and ethnicity
  • Catholics, Jews, Orthodox Christians
  • Left Europe because of religious ________ and
    _________
  • Lured by new ______ in America

6
Hester Street Jewish Section
7
1900 Rosh Hashanah Greeting Card
8
Pell St. - Chinatown, NYC
9
Struggling Immigrant Families
10
Before the Journey
  • A ticket to America was very expensive.
  • Often the father immigrated first and got a job.
  • When the father made enough money, he bought a
    ticket for the rest of his family to come over.

11
Before the Journey
  • Because the journey could be treacherous, women
    would not journey alone.
  • Immigrants could only bring a small amount of
    personal belongings with them.

12
The Journey
  • Most immigrants came to America on steamships.
  • Since most immigrants were poor they were placed
    in ______ - cabins below the water level of the
    and rats were common ship with no windows.
  • ______ was crowded, there were few bathrooms.

13
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14
Class Awareness
  • Immigrants were very aware of differences in
    class.
  • The rich were placed on higher decks and were the
    first to be given life boats.
  • The rich were able to bypass immigration checks
    at places like Ellis Island.

15
Ellis Island
16
How did Angel Island and Ellis Island differ?
What was life like for immigrants?
What was the Chinese Exclusion Act?
Who were nativists? What did they believe?
What was Americanization? What was the problem
with this?
17
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18
Ellis Island
  • Immigrant could be deported if
  • Had a disease
  • ________ history
  • _________ or Anarchists
  • Many immigrants had their names changed to sound
    more American

19
Eye Inspection at Ellis Island
20
Immigrant Discrimination
  • Persecuted by Nativists
  • Argued that immigrants
  • Increased _________
  • Brought crime
  • Stole American ______
  • Hated their different culture

21
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22
Immigrants
  • Usually settled in ____________
  • ____________-process by which they were
    assimilated into a common culture
  • ________ _______ - mixing a multitude of cultures
    into a distinct American culture
  • __________ Houses used to help train
    immigrants, teach them English,

23
Cities Expand and Change
  • Honors US History
  • 5.2

24
New Use of Space
New Class Diversity
New Architectural Style
New Energy
New Symbols of Change Progress
The City as a New Frontier?
New Culture (Melting Pot)
Make a New Start
New Form of Classic Rugged Individualism
New Levels of Crime, Violence, Corruption
25
Urban Growth 1870 - 1900
26
Skyscrapers
27
Woolworth Bldg. NYC - 1911
What invention made skyscrapers practical? Who
invented it?
28
Transportation Revolution Mass Transit
  • What led to the development of mass transit
    systems?
  • Streetcars
  • Subways

29
Central Park in New York City
Who designed this park? Why?
30
Lifestyles by Social Status
  • wealthy
  • middle class
  • working class

31
Dumbell Tenement
32
Tenement Slum Living
33
Tenement Slum Living
34
Dumbell Tenement, NYC
35
Lodgers Huddled Together
36
Two Cities in One
  • Wealthy Neighborhood
  • Police Services
  • Fire Services
  • Sewer Systems
  • Garbage Pickup
  • Good Schools
  • Paved Roads
  • Streetcars
  • Suburbs
  • Poor Neighborhood
  • Corrupt Police (if they even care)
  • Spotty Fire Patrols
  • Trash in Streets (Roaming Animals)
  • Poor Schools
  • Dirt Roads
  • Unclean Water
  • Crime
  • Gangs

37
Social and Cultural Trends 5.3
  • Gilded Age
  • Who coined the term? What did he mean?
  • Conspicuous consumerism
  • Advertising-What impact did it have?

38
Consumer Culture
39
Growth of Newspapers-Importance?
Joseph ______
Hearst to Frederick Remington You furnish
the pictures, and Ill furnish the war!
William Randolph ______
40
Literature
  • Stephen Crane
  • Horatio __________
  • Characters succeed by hardwork
  • Supports capitalism
  • Wrote ___________ ________

41
Ashcan School of Art (NY)
  • A Stag at Sharkeys Place
  • - George Bellows, 1917

42
Ashcan School of Art- What did it depict? Where
did the name come from?
  • Cliff Dwellers
  • George Bellows, 1908

43
Public Education
  • Expanded
  • Teach Job Skills
  • Citizenship/English Americanization
  • Literacy rate goes up
  • John _________

44
William Buffalo Bill Codys Wild West Show
45
Religion
  • _____________
  • Travel town to town
  • Tent meeting

46
Vaudeville
47
Ragtime- Where did it originate?
48
Consumer Amusements
49
Entertainment - 00
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