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The Present Perfect Tense


The Present Perfect Tense And Using Past Participles * * Reviewing Compound Tenses You should remember the present progressive compound tense used to express ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Present Perfect Tense

The Present Perfect Tense
  • And Using Past Participles

Reviewing Compound Tenses
  • You should remember the present progressive
    compound tense used to express actions in
  • ex Miguel está comprando un anillo para su
  • It is called a compound tense because it has two
  • 1 Estar
  • 2 Present Participle
  • (Which is the verb stem plus
  • Ar verbs - ando
  • Er/Ir verbs iendo)

Importants Points
  • Remember that with pronouns (reflexive, indirect
    object, direct object, etc.) there are two rules
  • It should be placed before the conjugated verb
  • Ex Me estoy cuidando.
  • Or placed attatched to the infinitive
  • Ex Estoy cuidándome.

  • We are talking
  • Im tanning
  • They are writing
  • You are dying
  • Im relaxing
  • Estamos hablando
  • Me estoy bronceando/ Estoy bronceándome
  • Están escribiendo
  • Estás moriendo
  • Me estoy relajando/ Estoy relajándome

Estamos aprendiendo!
The Present Perfect
  • To say that someone has or has not done something
    we use the present perfect. In English it looks
    something like this
  • I have finished.
  • Note that there are two parts to its formation
    which makes it a compound tense.

Forming the Present Perfect
  • In Spanish the present perfect is formed with the
    present tense of the auxiliary verb haber the
    past participle.
  • Ex (Yo) he terminado.
  • HABER past participle
  • Haber is conjugated as follows
  • he hemos
  • has habéis
  • ha han

Forming the Past Participle
  • The past participle is formed by adding ado to
    the stem of ar verbs and ido to the stem of er
    and ir verbs.
  • Verb Participle Meaning
  • ex tomar tomado taken
  • comer comido eaten
  • vivir vivido lived

  • Try these phrases on your own
  • She has met your sister.
  • Ella ha conocido a tu hermana.
  • Weve talked in class.
  • Hemos hablado en clase.
  • I have eaten today.
  • Yo he comido hoy.
  • Have you walked the dog?
  • Has caminado con el perro?
  • They have read many books.
  • Ellos han leído muchos libros.

Participles with Special Spellings
  • Verb Participle Meaning
  • caer caído fallen
  • creer creído believed
  • leer leído read
  • oír oído heard
  • reír reído laughed
  • traer traído brought

Irregular Past Participles
  • Verb Participle Meaning
  • Abrir abierto opened
  • Cubrir cubierto covered
  • Decir dicho said
  • Descubrir descubierto discovered
  • Escribir escrito written
  • Hacer hecho done, made
  • Imprimir impreso printed
  • Ir ido gone

Irregular Past Participles Continued
  • Verb Participle Meaning
  • Morir muerto dead
  • Poner puesto put, placed
  • Resolver resuelto resolved
  • Romper roto broken
  • Ver visto seen
  • Volver vuelto returned

  • I have written.
  • Weve heard.
  • She has put it on the desk.
  • They saw.
  • I have broken it.
  • He has kissed her.
  • He escrito.
  • Hemos oído.
  • Ella lo ha puesto en el escritorio.
  • Ellos han visto.
  • Lo he roto.
  • (La) ha besado a ella.

Uses of Participles
  • In both English and Spanish, past participles may
    be used as adjectives to modify a noun. In
    Spanish, when the past participle is used as an
    adjective, it agrees in gender and number with
    the noun it modifies.
  • Ex
  • Esa pintura fue hecha en Perú.
  • That painting was done in Peru.
  • La catedral fue construida en 1560.
  • The cathedral was built in 1560.

Uses of the Present Perfect
  • In general, the present perfect is used to refer
    to a past action or event that is perceived as
    having some bearing on the present.
  • Mis padres han experimentado muchas dificultades.
  • My parents have experienced many difficulties.
  • The verb haber agrees with the subject of the
    sentence. The past participle, however, does not
    change according to the subject when it forms
    part of the perfect tense because it is not a

Rules with the Present Perfect
  • The verb haber is not interchangable with tener.
    Haber means to have only when used as an auxilary
    verb with the past participle. Tener means to
    have or to own in the sense of possesion.

More Rules with the Present Perfect
  • The verb haber and the past participle annot be
    separated by another word. Object pronouns and
    negative words are always placed before haber.
  • exHas conocido al señor malhumorado?
  • Have you met the bad- tempered man?
  • No lo he conocido todavía.
  • No, I havent met him yet.

Más Practica
  • A que nunca has Háganse preguntas sobre
    experiencias que hayan tenido. Pueden usar las
    frases de la lista u otras que se les ocurran.
  • MODELO E1 Te has estresado alguna vez en
    esta clase?
  • E2 No, no me he estresado en ésta
  • Ver una disputa entre amigos
  • Obsesionarse por una persona
  • Acostumbrarse a una situación difícil
  • Conocer a una persona famosa
  • Comer una comida rara