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PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE

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PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE & CONTINUOUS What's the difference? PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE FORM: have / has + past participle USES: 1. LIFE EXPERIENCES I ve been to China ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE


1
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE CONTINUOUS
2
What's the difference?
3
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE
  • FORM have / has past participle
  • USES
  • 1. LIFE EXPERIENCES
  • Ive been to China
  • Shes ridden a horse

4
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE
  • 2. ALREADY, JUST YET
  • Theyve just left
  • Shes already called her friend
  • They havent finished yet

5
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE
  • SUPERLATIVES THE FIRST, SECOND, LAST TIME,
    ETC
  • Its the best meal Ive ever had
  • Its the first time hes given a speech

6
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE
  • 3. CONNECTION PAST PRESENT
  • Ive sprained my ankle, as you can see
  • Hes lost his keys

7
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE
  • 4. HOW LONG / FOR/ SINCE (NON-ACTION VERBSbe,
    have, know, like, etc)
  • Ive known Maria for 10 years
  • Theyve had that car since 2007

8
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE
  • 5. HOW MUCH / HOW MANY
  • How many books have you written?
  • Ive spent too much money

9
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
  • FORM HAVE / HAS BEEN VERB ING
  • USES
  • 1. HOW LONG / FOR / SINCE WITH ACTION VERBS
    (action started in past continues now)
  • How long have you been feeling like this?
  • Shes been travelling by bus for 5 years

10
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
  • 2. REPEATED ACTIONS, ESPECIALLY WITH TIME
    EXPRESSIONS LIKE ALL DAY, RECENTLY, ETC
  • I have been arguing with my husband lately.
  • The phone has been ringing all day.

11
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
  • 3. CONTINUOUS ACTIONS THAT HAVE JUST FINISHED
    (WITH RESULT IN THE PRESENT)
  • Hes been running all day. Hes dead!
  • A Look at your hands! Theyre so filthy!
  • B I know. Ive been painting the living room

12
SIMPLE OR CONTINUOUS?
  • With How long?, For Since we can use both.
    However, we prefer the continuous for shorter,
    temporary actions.
  • Weve lived in London since 1980
  • Weve been living in London since 1980
  • Weve been staying in a hotel for the last month

13
SIMPLE OR CONTINUOUS?
  • PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE
  • Emphasis on the RESULT of the action
  • Ive painted my living room
  • PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
  • Emphasis on the DURATION of the action
  • Ive been painting my living room

14
(No Transcript)
15
Put the verbs into the correct tense (Present
Perfect Simple or Present Perfect Progressive)
  • I (play) _______ football for five years.
  • My team (win / only)______ two matches so far.
  • The others (be / always)______ better.
  • Are we not there yet? We (walk) _______ for
    hours.
  • But we (cover / only) _______ an area of five
    miles so far.
  • I (finish/just) _______ my homework.
  • I (work) _______ on this essay since two o'clock.
  • Jane (go out) _______ with Bob for seven years.
  • Martin (date) _______ three girls this week.
  • How long (wait / you) _______ for us?

16
  • I have been playingemphasis on the duration
    Present Perfect Progressive football for five
    years.
  • My team has only wonemphasis on the result
    Present Perfect Simple two matches so far.
  • The others have always beenemphasis on the result
    Present Perfect Simple'be' is not normally
    used in the progressive form better.
  • Are we not there yet? We have been
    walkingemphasis on the duration Present Perfect
    Progressive for hours.
  • But we have only coveredemphasis on the result
    Present Perfect Simple an area of five miles so
    far.
  • I have just finished emphasis on the result
    Present Perfect Simple my homework.
  • I have been workingemphasis on the duration
    Present Perfect Progressive on this essay since
    two o'clock.
  • Jane has been going outemphasis on the duration
    Present Perfect Progressive with Bob for seven
    years.
  • Martin has datedemphasis on the result Present
    Perfect Simple three girls this week.
  • How long have you been waitingemphasis on the
    duration Present Perfect Progressive for us?
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