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Conditionals and Future time clauses (with all present and future forms)

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First conditional You can use any present tense in the if clause (present simple, continuous or perfect) and any future form (will, going to, future perfect, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Conditionals and Future time clauses (with all present and future forms)


1
Conditionals and Future time clauses (with all
present and future forms)
2
Zero conditional
  • To talk about something which is always true or
    always happens as a result of something else, use
    ifpresent simple, and the present simple in the
    other clause.
  • You can also use the present continuous or
    present perfect in either clause.

3
Examples
  • If you want to be fit, you have to do exercise
    every day.
  • If your muscles ache every day, you are probably
    doing too much exercise.
  • If you havent been to London, you havent lived.

4
First conditional
  • You can use any present tense in the if clause
    (present simple, continuous or perfect) and any
    future form (will, going to, future perfect,
    future continuous) or an imperative in the other
    clause.

5
Examples
  • If the photos are good, Ill send them to you.
  • If youre not going, Im not going to go either.
  • If I havent come back by 9.00, start dinner
    without me.
  • Ill have finished in an hour if you dont
    disturb me.

6
Future time clauses
  • When you are talking about the future, use a
    present tense after time expressions. E.g. as
    soon as, when, until, unless, before, after, and
    in case. This can be any present tense. E.g.
    present simple, present continuous, present
    perfect.
  • We use in case when we do something in order to
    be ready for future situations/problems.
  • Compare the use of if and in case
  • Ill take a jacket if its cold I wont take
    one if its not cold.
  • Ill take a jacket in case its cold Ill take
    a jacket anyway because it might be cold

7
Choose the correct answer.
  • _________(if / in case) there isn't enough
    evidence, the man will be acquitted.
  • Bring your swimsuit in case _________(youll
    want/you want) to have a swim.
  • If you don't stop smoking, your cough _________
    (doesnt/wont) get better.
  • If we're lucky, _________(well have/we have)
    sold our house by Christmas.
  • I'll call you _________(in case/as soon as) I
    find out my results.
  • I'm not going to go to the party unless
    _________(youll go/you go) too.
  • If the weather _________(will have
    improved/improves) , we'll be able to eat outside
    tonight.
  • If he _________( isnt arriving/hasnt arrived)by
    6.00, we'll go without him.
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