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Tenses of Verbs

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Tenses of Verbs Present Tense Past Tense Future Tense A verb in the present tense shows action that happens now. Storm clouds linger above the mountains. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Tenses of Verbs


1
Tenses of Verbs
  • Present Tense
  • Past Tense
  • Future Tense

2
A verb in the present tense shows action that
happens now.
  • Storm clouds linger above the mountains.
  • A river of rain sweeps the sky.

3
Present Tense
  • Present tense may express action which is going
    on at the present time or which occurs always,
    repeatedly, or habitually.
  • Examples He sees the train. He eats cereal for
    breakfast every day.

4
A verb in the past tense shows action that has
already happened. The past tense of a verb
usually ends in ed.
  • Yesterday a gentle fog settled down in the
    village.
  • It touched us all with its powdery mist.

5
Past Tense
  • Examples
  • He wrote the letter yesterday.
  • She lived to be 90 years old.

6
A verb in the future tense shows action that will
happen. It is usually formed with helping verb
will or shall.
  • Tomorrow the radiant sun will blaze above.
  • How we shall welcome its warmth and light.

7
Future Tense
  • Examples
  • He will send the letter tomorrow.
  • I shall wait here until you return.
  • Traditionally, shall is used for 1st person and
    will for 2nd and 3rd persons.

8
Regular Verbs
  • Regular verbs form their past tense by adding ed
    or d to their present tense form.
  • More than 95 of all English verbs are regular.
  • Regular verbs cause few problems in speaking and
    writing.

9
Regular Verbs
  • Present tense and past tense verbs can also have
    participles.
  • Participles are helping verbs.

10
Regular verbs and their Principal Parts
Principal Parts Verb Present Tense Present Participle (is, are) Past Tense Past Participle (has, have0
To call call, calls ( is) calling called (have) called
To dust dust, dusts (am) dusting dusted (have) dusted
11
Thats the basics! Buttheres more to it than
that.
  • There are also present, past, and future PERFECT
    tenses
  • There are also present, past, and future
    PROGRESSIVE tenses.

12
Verb Forms
13
Irregular Verbs
  • Irregular verbs can form their past tense and
    past participle forms in various way.
  • These forms cause problems.
  • The most irregular verb of all is the verb to be.
  • Another irregular verb that is important for its
    use with other verbs is the verb to have.

14
Four Principal/Main Parts
Principal Parts Verb Present Tense Present Participle Past Tense Past Participle
To Be be, am, are, is being was, were (have) been
To Have have, has having had (have) had
15
Conjugation
  • A conjugation of a verb is the correct
    arrangement of its form through its tenses,
    persons, and numbers.
  • Person means the speaker, the person spoken to,
    and the person or thing spoken of.
  • Number means singular or plural.

16
Conjugation of the verb to be
Tense Singular Plural
Present I am You are He, she, it is We are You are They are
Past I was You were He was We were You were They were
Future I shall be You will be He will be We shall be You will be They will be



17
Other Common Irregular Verbs and their Principal
Parts
Principal Part Verb Present Tense Present Participle Past Tense Past Participle
To see see, sees seeing saw (have) seen
To do do, does doing did (have) done
To fly fly, flies flying flew (have) flown
To run run, runs running ran (have) run
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