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The Present Perfect Tense

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Unit 5 - p. 214 Realidades 3 The Present Perfect In English we form the present perfect tense by combining have or has (as a helping/auxiliary verb) with the past ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Present Perfect Tense


1
The Present Perfect Tense
  • Unit 5 - p. 214
  • Realidades 3

2
The Present Perfect
  • In English we form the present perfect tense by
    combining have or has (as a helping/auxiliary
    verb)
  • with the past participle of a verb
  • He has seen it Have you tried?
  • They havent eaten etc.

3
The Present Perfect
  • To form the past participle of a verb in Spanish,
    you add -ado to the stem of -ar verbs and -ido
    to the stem of most -er/-ir verbs
  • estar est- -ado estado
  • comer com- -ido _________

comido
4
The Present Perfect
  • To form the present perfect tense, combine this
    past participle with the present tense of the
    verb haber
  • he hemos
  • has habéis
  • ha han
  • normally used as there is/there are hay

5
The Present Perfect
  • generally the Spanish present perfect in the same
    way we use its English equivalent

6
The Present Perfect
  • I have been
  • You have been
  • He, She, it has been
  • We have been
  • You all have been
  • They have been

7
The Present Perfect
  • he estado
  • has estado
  • ha estado
  • hemos estado
  • habéis estado
  • han estado

8
The Present Perfect
  • I have sung
  • You have sung
  • He, She It has sung
  • We have sung
  • Yall have sung
  • They have sung

9
The Present Perfect
  • he cantado
  • has cantado
  • ha cantado
  • hemos cantado
  • habéis cantado
  • han cantado

10
The Present Perfect
  • I have decided
  • You have decided
  • He, She, It
  • has decided
  • We have decided
  • (all of) you have decided
  • They have decided

11
The Present Perfect
  • he decidido
  • has decidido
  • ha decidido
  • hemos decidido
  • habéis decidido
  • han decidido

12
The Present Perfect
  • No he arreglado la bicicleta todavía.
  • I havent fixed the bicycle yet.

13
The Present Perfect
  • Qué trabajos has tenido?
  • What jobs have you had?

14
The Present Perfect
  • Notice that when the past participle is used
    with forms of haber, the final -o never changes

15
The Present Perfect
  • Ricardo ha grabado su película favorita.
  • Pepita y Andrea han grabado una telenovela.

16
The Present Perfect
  • Certain verbs that have a double vowel in the
    infinitive form (except those with the double
    vowel ui) require an accent mark on the i in the
    past participle.

17
The Present Perfect
caído
  • Caer
  • Leer
  • Oír
  • Creer
  • Traer
  • Reír

leído
oído
creído
traído
reído
18
The Present Perfect
  • Notice that we place no and other negative words,
    object pronouns, and reflexive pronouns directly
    in front of the form of the verb haber.

19
The Present Perfect
  • Has alquilado esa película alguna vez?
  • No, no la he alquilado nunca.

20
The Present Perfect
  • Some verbs have irregular past participles.
  • Memorize this acronym
  • REVV MAC PHDD

21
  • acronynm participle
  • R roto
  • E escrito
  • V visto
  • V vuelto
  • M muerto
  • A abierto
  • C cubierto
  • P puesto
  • H hecho
  • D dicho
  • D devuelto

Infinitive verb Romper Escribir Ver Volver Morir
Abrir Cubrir Poner Hacer Decir Devolver
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