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Present Perfect, Present Perfect Progressive, and Simple Past Tense

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Unit 3 Present Perfect, Present Perfect Progressive, and Simple Past Tense – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Present Perfect, Present Perfect Progressive, and Simple Past Tense


1
Unit 3
  • Present Perfect, Present Perfect Progressive, and
    Simple Past Tense

2
Reading Comprehension and Opinion Questionspg 19.
  • What do you like about some websites?
  • What do you dislike about other websites?
  • What do you think should be on a personal web
    page?

3
  • What is the purpose of Jason Barricellis
    website?
  • What is the title of the website?
  • Who is Joy?
  • What does Jason call such activities as rock
    climbing and white-water rafting?
  • What kind of person is Jason?
  • Do you know anyone like Jason? Explain.

4
Notice the contrast in the tenses
  • Present perfect present perfect continuous
  • Things started in the past and continue to
    present and may continue to future.
  • Simple Past
  • Things happened and completed in the pastnot
    connected to the present.

5
Again, a clear contrast
  • Present Perfect
  • things happened at unspecified time in past
  • Simple Past
  • Things happened at specific time in past.

6
Another contrast
  • Present perfect
  • A time period is unfinished.
  • Simple past
  • A time period is finished.

7
Time of day as example of time period.
  • Morning time period. asking about breakfast
  • Use the Present perfect until noon. (morning not
    finished)
  • Have you eaten breakfast?
  • Use Simple past after noon. (Morning finished)
  • Did you eat breakfast this morning?

8
Additional Contrast
  • Present Perfect
  • An activity or state is finished.
  • Present Perfect Continuous
  • An activity is unfinished.

9
Unit 3 pages 24-27
10
Unit 4
  • Past Perfect and Past Perfect Progressive

11
Comprehension/Opinion Questions-pg. 28
  • Why is Oprah the Queen of Talk?
  • When did she start speaking in public?
  • Where did she start speaking in public?
  • When did she get her first talk show?
  • What did she decide to do in 1994?
  • Do you think talk shows are entertaining,
    educational, or both? Explain.

12
Past perfect
  • Past perfect describes an event that happened
    before another past event.
  • (There are two events. Both are in the past.)
  • When Oprah was twelve years old, she had already
    decided that she wanted to be paid to talk.
  • First eventher decision
  • Second eventher 12th birthday

13
January 1, 2000
  • Write sentences about yourself with this date.
    Use examples with actions that are completed.
  • By January 1, 2000, I had moved back to the
    United States.
  • (Note 1)

14
Past perfect continuous
  • Now make true past perfect continuous sentences
    related to past perfect sentences you created.
  • Focus on the process, not the end result.
  • I had been working in Mexico before I started
    working at IVC.
  • (Note 2)

15
Order of events
  • Past perfect or past perfect progressive is the
    earlier event.
  • Simple past tense is the later event.
  • Example I had been driving back to El Centro
    when I saw the Perseid meteor shower.
  • Earlier event driving
  • Later event saw the meteors
  • (Note 3)

16
Emphasis on first event
  • My computer has Windows 98 and there will be no
    more updates from Microsoft for it.
  • I had already decided to get a new computer.
  • First event my decision emphasized
  • Later event no updates for Windows 98
  • (Note 4)

17
Clear relationship between 2 past events
  • After I received my masters degree, I got a
    teaching job.
  • As soon as I received my masters degree, I got a
    teaching job.
  • Before I got a teaching job, I received my
    masters degree.
  • Note 5

18
  • Time expression used with past perfect and past
    perfect continuous.
  • Note 6

19
Drawing conclusions based on evidence.
  • Use past perfect continuous
  • Cecilia got lost going to Los Angeles. She had
    been driving on the wrong freeway.
  • (Note 7)

20
  • Unit 4 Pgs 33-40
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