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The Magna Carta

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The Magna Carta & The English Bill of Rights Modified From: http://middleages.pppst.com/rise-of-monarchies.html Could the rich control the king? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Magna Carta


1
The Magna CartaThe English Bill of Rights
Modified From http//middleages.pppst.com/rise-o
f-monarchies.html
2
Could the rich control the king?
Around the picture below, you can read some of
the qualities which medieval people expected
their king to have! Which three are the most
important for a medieval king?
A good judge of character
Rich but not greedy!
A good soldier
Fit and strong
God fearing
Inspiring!
Brave
Hardworking
Wise
Firm but fair!
3
Your enquiry!
  • Medieval kings could get into serious trouble if
    they did not have the qualities of a KING! In
    the thirteenth century some barons forced an
    unpopular king to give up some power and it was
    only the beginning!! In this enquiry, you will
    find out how the richest people in the country
    began to challenge the king

4
King John manages to upset everyone!!
  • The first king to give up some of his power was
    John. He is famous as Prince John in make
    believe stories of Robin Hood. In the stories he
    is a wicked and foolish prince who taxes the
    people of England unfairly. Some historians say
    John was just as foolish in real life. Others
    say he was simply unlucky!
  • John ruled England from 1199 to 1216. He faced
    the following problems.

5
Problem Number 1
  • He quarrelled with the Pope about how to run the
    Church. From 1208 until 1213, the Pope banned
    all church services in England and English people
    feared that they would all go to HELL! Some
    Church leaders blamed John for the trouble.

6
Problem Number 2
  • John went to war twice against the French king.
    His army was badly beaten both times. He lost
    almost all the land that his father had gained in
    France!

7
Problem Number 3
  • John raised taxes in England to pay for the wars.
    This upset his BARONS! He ordered them to pay
    far more tax than earlier kings had done!

8
How did the barons strike back?
  • In 1214 many barons rebelled against John. They
    believed that he could not rule the country
    properly and was treating them unfairly. If
    someone did not do something the whole country
    could be ruined!
  • In 1215 the barons forced John to grant a
    charter, which was the first time anyone had
    expected an English king to obey a set of rules.

9
1215 - The Magna Carta
  • I, King John, accept that I have to govern
    according to the law.
  • So I agree
  • 1. Not to imprison nobles without trial
  • 2. That trials must be in courts not held in
    secret by me
  • 3. To have fair taxation for the nobles
  • 4. To let freemen travel wherever they like
  • 5. Not to interfere in Church matters
  • 6. Not to seize crops without paying for them
  • . and lot more things too!!

10
The Magna Carta??
  • The Charter later became known by the Latin name
    Magna Carta which means great charter.

11
Think!
  • What was so new about Magna Carta for English
    kings?
  • At the time, Magna Carta was not designed to help
    everybody. What kind of people were not helped
    by the charter?

12
Jump Forward a Few Hundred Years
1642
  • The English Civil War pitted supporters of
    Charles I against the forces of Parliament, under
    Oliver Cromwell.
  • Cromwells army defeated the forces of the king.
  • Parliament put Charles on trial and condemned him
    to death as a tyrant, traitor, murderer, and
    public enemy.

13
Out With the King
  • After the execution of Charles I, the House of
    Commons abolished the monarchy, the House of
    Lords, and the official Church of England.
  • It declared England a republic, known as the
    Commonwealth, under the leadership of Oliver
    Cromwell.
  • This sent a clear signal that, in England, no
    ruler could claim absolute power and ignore the
    rule of law.

14
So now whos the king?
  • James II (remember, his daddy is the one they
    just executed) angered his subjects and clashed
    with Parliament.
  • he tried to restore Catholic church and
    absolutism.
  • Parliamentary leaders invited James sister Mary
    and her husband William to become rulers of
    England.
  • When William and Mary landed in England, James II
    fled to France.
  • This bloodless overthrow of a king became known
    as the Glorious Revolution.

15
Can we trust them?
  • Before they could be crowned, William and Mary
    had to accept the English Bill of Rights, which
  • ensured superiority of Parliament over the
    monarchy.
  • gave the House of Commons power of the purse.
  • prohibited a monarch from interfering with
    Parliament.
  • barred any Roman Catholic from sitting on the
    throne.
  • restated the rights of English citizens.

16
Think!
  • How does the Bill of Rights differ from the Magna
    Carta?
  • How is the English Bill of Rights similar to
    ours?
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