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Democratic Developments in England

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However, by 1215 King John was overran by nobles who presented him with the Magna Carta. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Democratic Developments in England


1
Democratic Developments in England
  • Prologue /Section 3 AND English Civil War (Ch. 5
    Sec.5)

2
Medieval Reforms
  • Started when feudalism ended.
  • Henry II, was considered one of the most gifted
    statesman. He created a jury trial as a means of
    justice. (feudal courts before)
  • This became common law, which became the basis of
    the legal system in countries.
  • However, by 1215 King John was overran by nobles
    who presented him with the Magna Carta.

3
Magna Carta
  • Is celebrated as the source of traditional
    respect for individual rights and liberties.
  • The document basically limited the power of the
    English monarch over the people.
  • Clauses of this document did a variety of things
    that are part of law today due process of law.

4
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5
Magana Carta (contd)
  • Two big clauses
  • Clause 12 taxes shall be levied in our kingdom
    by common consent of our kingdom.
  • Clause 39 No man shall be arrested or
    imprisoned.. except by legal judgment of peers or
    by law of the land.

6
Parliament
  • By the mid-1300s Parliaments were gaining
    strength.
  • House of Commons (lower house), House of Lords
    (upper house) were partners with the monarch.
    Voted on policies, etc.
  • However, by the 1600s Kings were so power
    hungry, they claimed the divine right.
  • In 1625 again there is trouble for kings.

7
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8
Parliament Overthrows King
  • King Charles I, agreed to demands of Parliament
    and later broke it. (4 parts, p.19)
  • Charles dismissed Parliament and was later in
    need of money so he called upon them.
  • This led to power of King Charles being reduced.

9
English Civil War
  • During the fall of 1641, Parliament passes laws
    to limit royal power.
  • King Charles I is furious, attempts to arrest
    leaders of Parliament.
  • This eventually led to the English Civil War.
    (1642-1649)

10
English Civil War (contd)
  • War was a stalemate until 1644, Puritan general
    Oliver Cromwell started to have success.
  • The next year captured King Charles I. What
    follows?? (1649)
  • Legacy of Cromwell short lived.
  • He abolished the Monarch and puts a republican
    form of government in place only to overthrow it
    and rule as a military dictator.

11
Restoration and Revolution
  • After Cromwell died in 1658 the government he
    created collapsed.
  • King Charles II regained control, restoring the
    Monarchy.
  • Parliament passes habeas corpus, under his rein.
    (Good or Bad?)
  • Then after his death came King James II,
    Catholic. PROBLEM?
  • Society mostly Protestant, led to??

12
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13
Glorious Revolution
  • Was the turning point in English constitutional
    history.
  • This is when Constitutional Monarchy was formed.
  • With this in 1689 came the creation of the Bill
    of Rights under William and Mary.
  • What did this time period in English history do
    to help develop the Americas?
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