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Magna Carta

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Background Information After King Richard s death, his younger brother John took the throne in 1199 A.D. John was a cruel, ignorant, and unpopular king He received ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Magna Carta


1
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2
Background Information
  • After King Richards death, his younger brother
    John took the throne in 1199 A.D.
  • John was a cruel, ignorant, and unpopular king
  • He received the nickname Lackland because he
    inherited no land from his father

3
King John
  • King John angered his people by
  • Raising taxes
  • Taking money for wars (which he ended up losing)
  • Arguing with the Pope and trying to take control
    over Church decisions
  • As a result, a group of nobles began looking for
    a way to limit the kings powers and protect
    their own rights in return

4
Magna Carta
  • In 1215, at the meadow of Runnymede, a group of
    nobles and lords forced King John to approve a
    document they had written Magna Carta
  • Magna Carta means Great Charter and it focused
    on the rights of the nobles

5
The Effects of the Magna Carta
  • No imprisonment without a trial by jury
  • habeas corpus-you have the body- meant
    that people could not be held in jail without a
    reason
  • Must consult lords before raising taxes
  • Must choose competent officials who understand
    and obey the law themselves
  • Could not interfere with or limit the freedom of
    the church
  • Most importantly, the Magna Carta required that
    everyone- even the king- had to obey the law

6
Changes after Magna Carta
  • After King John signed the charter, the conflicts
    continued until his death the following year
  • The Magna Carta lived on inspiring the English to
    find more ways to limit the kings power
  • A council of nobles who advise the king was
    created, which eventually developed into
    Parliament, the lawmaking body that governs
    England today
  • By the late Middle Ages, kings could do little
    without Parliaments support
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