King John and the Magna Carta - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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King John and the Magna Carta

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King John and the Magna Carta Could the rich control the king? God fearing A good judge of character A good soldier Around the picture below, you can read some of the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: King John and the Magna Carta


1
King John and the Magna Carta
2
Could the rich control the king?
Around the picture below, you can read some of
the qualities which medieval people expected
their king to have! Which three are the most
important for a medieval king?
A good judge of character
Rich but not greedy!
A good soldier
Fit and strong
God fearing
Inspiring!
Brave
Hardworking
Wise
Firm but fair!
3
Your enquiry!
  • Medieval kings could get into serious trouble if
    they did not have the qualities of a KING! In
    the thirteenth century some nobles forced an
    unpopular king to give up some power and it was
    only the beginning!! In this enquiry, you will
    find out how the richest people in the country
    began to challenge the king

4
King John manages to upset everyone!!
  • The first king to give up some of his power was
    John. He is famous as Prince John in make
    believe stories of Robin Hood. In the stories he
    is a wicked and foolish prince who taxes the
    people of England unfairly. Some historians say
    John was just as foolish in real life. Others
    say he was simply unlucky!
  • John ruled England from 1199 to 1216. He faced
    the following problems.

5
Problem Number 1
  • He quarrelled with the Pope about how to run the
    Church. From 1208 until 1213, the Pope banned
    all church services in England and English people
    feared that they would all go to HELL! Some
    Church leaders blamed John for the trouble.

6
Problem Number 2
  • John went to war twice against the French king.
    His army was badly beaten both times. He lost
    almost all the land that his father had gained in
    France!

7
Problem Number 3
  • John raised taxes in England to pay for the wars.
    This upset his NOBLES! He ordered them to pay
    far more tax than earlier kings had done!

8
How did the nobles strike back?
  • In 1214 many nobles rebelled against John. They
    believed that he could not rule the country
    properly and was treating them unfairly. If
    someone did not do something the whole country
    could be ruined!
  • In 1215 the nobles forced John to sign a charter,
    (Magna Carta) which was the first time anyone
    had expected an English king to obey a set of
    rules.

9
The Magna Carta
  • I, King John, accept that I have to govern
    according to the law.
  • So I agree
  • 1. Not to imprison nobles without trial Habeas
    Corpus
  • 2. That trials must be in courts not held in
    secret by me
  • 3. To have fair taxation for the nobles
  • 4. To let freemen travel wherever they like
  • 5. Not to interfere in Church matters
  • 6. Not to seize crops without paying for them
  • 7. Made a lawmaking group that governed England
    called Parliament
  • . and lot more things too!!

10
The Magna Carta??
  • The Charter later became known by the Latin name
    Magna Carta which means great charter.

11
Think!
  • At the time, Magna Carta was not designed to help
    everybody. What kind of people were not helped
    by the charter?
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