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Magna Carta of Women

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Title: Magna Carta of Women


1
Magna Carta of Women
  • R.A. 9710
  • 14 August 2009

Recognizing and protecting womens rights, and
banning discrimination against women
2
Highlights
  • 7 years in the making legislative debates
    started in 2002 (12th Congress)
  • Merger of 2 bills
  • Magna Carta for Women
  • Magna Carta of Women in Rural Development
  • Landmark legislation on womens rights, passed in
    the 13th Congress
  • Goal To ensure the equitable representation of
    women in all spheres of society

3
highlights
  • Recognizes and protects womens rights
  • At home
  • At work
  • In all spheres of society
  • Toward developing all aspects of womens
    well-being
  • Ensures the equitable participation and
    representation of women in
  • Government
  • political parties
  • the civil service and
  • private sector
  • Guarantees the civil, political, social and
    economic rights of women in marginalized sector

4
highlights
  • NCRFW MCW seeks to eliminate all forms of
    discrimination against women by
  • Recognizing
  • Protecting
  • Fulfilling and
  • Promoting
  • All human rights and fundamental freedoms of
    Filipino women, particularly those in the
    marginalized sector.
  • Equal opportunity for women is emphasized under
    the law in all fields and endeavors

5
MAGNA CARTA of WOMEN
  • Ensures womens rights to
  • Health
  • Food security
  • Housing
  • Decent work
  • Livelihood
  • Social protection
  • Preservation of cultural identy
  • Spells out equal rights in marriage and family,
    including joint decision on the number and
    spacing of children

6
Womens rights ARE Human rights
  • Sec. 8 All rights in the Constitution and those
    rights recognized under international instruments
    duly signed and ratified by the Philippines, in
    consonance with Philippine law shall be rights of
    women under this Act to be enjoyed without
    discrimination.
  • MCW is the national bill of rights of women just
    as CEDAW (Convention on the Elimination of All
    Forms of Discrimination Against Women) is the
    international bill of rights of women

7
SALIENT FEATURES
  • Increases the number of women personnel until
    they fill half of third-level positions in the
    government
  • Sets up in every barangay a violence against
    womens (VAW) desk
  • Provides incentives to parties with womens
    agenda
  • Bars the derogatory portrayal of women in media
    and film
  • Ensures womens equal access to education and
    sports
  • Mandates the government to eliminate
    discrimination against women in the military and
    police

8
Provisions
  • Mandates an incremental increase in the
    recruitment and training of women in the police
    force, forensics and medico-legal, legal services
    and social work services in the next 5 years
    until they make up half of the number of the
    personnel
  • Provides for the incremental increase of women
    personnel in third-level government positions in
    the next 5 years to achieve a 50-50 gender
    balance
  • Mandates that 40 of members of development
    councils in all government levels should be
    women, incentives to be provided to political
    parties with womens agenda

9
provisions
  • Section 12 the State should amend or repeal
    within 3 years any law discriminatory to women
  • Grants women the right to
  • security in armed conflict
  • protection from all forms of gender-based
    violence such as rape
  • Prohibits the State from forcing women,
    especially indigenous women, to abandon their
    land or relocating them in special centers for
    military purposes under any discriminatory
    condition
  • Mandates government personnel involved in the
    protection and defense of women to training in
    human rights and gender sensitivity

10
Civilian Arrest in VAW CASES
  • Chief Supt. Yolanda Tanigue, chief of the WCPC
    MCW will pave the way for better enforcement of
    laws banning abuse of and discrimination against
    women
  • MCW empowers civilians to arrest anyone caught in
    the act of abusing a woman

11
IMPLEMENtATION
  • NCRFW is now the Philippine Commission on Women
    (PCW), the primary policy-making and coordinating
    body for women and gender equality concerns.
  • Designates the CHR as the Gender and Development
    (GAD) Ombudsman to ensure the promotion and
    protection of womens rights (monitors compliance
    with the laws provisions)
  • CHR Chair Leila de Lima The principles of Human
    Rights are therenon-discrimination, equality,
    participation, self-determination,
    non-exclusion...

12
National Agencies roles
  • Mandates the DOLE and DSWD to strengthen the
    delivery of services to women migrant workers
    abroad
  • As the gender and development ombudsman, the
    Commission on Human Rights has the major role of
    helping government agencies

13
education
  • All educational materials and curriculums that
    tend to stereotype women should be revised.
  • No educational institution will be allowed to
    expel or refuse readmission to women faculty
    members due to pregnancy outside of wedlock.
  • No school would be allowed to expel or refuse
    admission to a female student solely on the
    account of her getting pregnant outside of
    marriage.

14
Workplace and family
  • Women employees would be allowed to avail of a
    special leave benefit of two months with full pay
    after undergoing surgery caused by gynecological
    disorders, provided that she has rendered at
    least six months of continuous aggregate
    employment.
  • In family relations, the law grants women equal
    weight in all decision making processes such as
    number and spacing of children and even
    nationality.

15
Migrant workers and health
  • The law mandates the government to ensure the
    protection and promotion of migrant womens
    rights and welfare, regardless of work status,
    and protect them against discrimination in wages,
    conditions of work and employment opportunities.
  • Mandates access to information and services
    pertaining to womens health.

16
LEGISLATIVE SPONSORS
  • Sen. Jamby Madrigal, chairperson of the Senate
    Committee on Youth, Women and Family Relations--
    principal author
  • Sen. Pia Cayetano -- principal sponsor

17
Sources
  • Philippine Daily Inquirer, 15 August 2009
  • http//www.philstar.com/Article.aspx?articleId496
    127publicationSubCategoryId63
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