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The Magna Carta

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Other Occupations Some medieval women held other occupations. There were women blacksmiths, ... learning to use weapons to defend their homes and castles. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Magna Carta


1
The Magna Carta
  • In 1215, the English barons formed an alliance
    that forced King John to sign the Magna Carta. It
    limited the king's powers of taxation and
    required trials by jury. It was the first time
    that an English monarch was subject to the law.

2
The Peasants
  • At the lowest level of society were the peasants,
    also called serfs or villeins.
  • The lord offered his peasants protection in
    exchange for living and working on his land.

3
Hard Work High Taxes
  • Peasants worked hard to cultivate the land and
    produce the goods that the lord and his manor
    needed.
  • They were heavily taxed and were required to
    relinquish much of what they harvested.

4
Bound by law and custom
  • It is the custom in England, as with other
    countries, for the nobility to have great power
    over the common people, who are serfs. This means
    that they are bound by law and custom to plough
    the field of their masters, harvest the corn,
    gather it into barns, and thresh and winnow the
    grain they must also mow and carry home the hay,
    cut and collect wood, and perform all manner of
    tasks of this kind. -- Jean Froissart,
    1395 

5
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7
Women Household Chores
  • Whether they were nobles or peasants, women held
    a difficult position in society.
  • They were largely confined to household tasks
    such as cooking, baking bread, sewing, weaving,
    and spinning.

8
Hunting Fighting
  • However, they also hunted for food and fought in
    battles, learning to use weapons to defend their
    homes and castles.

9
Other Occupations
  • Some medieval women held other occupations. There
    were women blacksmiths, merchants, and
    apothecaries.

10
Midwives, Farmers, Artists
  • Others were midwives, worked in the fields, or
    were engaged in creative endeavors such as
    writing, playing musical instruments, dancing,
    and painting.
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