Types of Thyroid Disorders and Their Causes - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Types of Thyroid Disorders and Their Causes

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The thyroid disorder affects the functioning of thyroid gland which regulates several functions like metabolism throughout the body. The thyroid disorder is related to the production of thyroid hormone and it happens when thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones or produce excessive amount of hormones. And, these two conditions categorize thyroid disorder into two types. This PPT explains both of them along with their causes. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Types of Thyroid Disorders and Their Causes


1
Types of Thyroid Disorders and Their Causes
2
Introduction
1
CONTENTS
Hypothyroidism
2
Causes of Hypothyroidism
3
Hyperthyroidism
4
Causes of Hypothyroidism
5
Treatment
6
3
Introduction
  • Thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland located
    in front of the neck and below the Adams apple.
    It is wrapped around the windpipe and regulates
    several metabolic processes throughout the body.
    The thyroid gland produces two hormones namely
    Triiodothyronine (T3) and Thyroxine (T4). The
    Thyroid disorder can either affect the thyroid
    glands structure or function.
  • When thyroid gland becomes overactive and
    produces more hormones than required, it is known
    as Hyperthyroidism. And when it becomes
    underactive and produces fewer hormones than you
    need, it is known as Hypothyroidism.

4
Hypothyroidism
  • Hypothyroidism is a thyroid disorder in which the
    thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid
    hormones. The symptoms of the disorder can be
    depression, constipation, tiredness, or weight
    gain.

5
Causes of Hypothyroidism
  • The most common cause of Hypothyroidism is little
    iodine in the diet. The hypothyroidism condition
    can also be present in the person since birth.
    The other causes of this disorder can be an
    exposure to radiation or presence of Hashimotos
    disease in the body. Inflammation of the thyroid
    gland can also cause Hypothyroidism.

6
Hyperthyroidism
  • Excessive production of thyroid hormones causes
    Hyperthyroidism. The symptoms of hyperthyroidism
    condition can be weakened muscles, fast
    heartbeat, diarrhea, weight loss and enlargement
    of the thyroid gland.

7
Causes of Hypothyroidism
  • One major cause of hyperthyroidism can be the
    inflammation of the thyroid gland. The excess
    amount of iodine in the diet can also be a major
    cause of hyperthyroidism. Other causes include
    the deficiency of vitamin B12 and the birth of
    thyroid nodules in the gland.

8
Treatment
  • The treatment for thyroid disorder includes
    medication and surgery. Nevertheless, the natural
    treatment for thyroid disorder depends on the
    type of thyroid disorder and accordingly adopting
    the diet plan for the same.

9
Contact Us
Intelligent Ageing Private Limited Address L-27,
Ground Floor, South Extention - II, New Delhi,
Delhi 110049 Website http//intelligentageing.in
Email info_at_intelligentageing.com
10
THANKS
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